A: Abaniko - Anki
Annan - Azuma Takashi     Glossary Index
 
Abaniko     Generic name for a fanning style of stick work in Arnis
Abara Rib
Abe Hidetaka 阿部秀孝 Japanese karateka, shichidan,direct student of Ōtsuka Hironori
Abe Keigo 阿部圭吾 (1938 - ) Karateka, former senior JKA instructor, founder of the Japan Shōtōkan Karate Association
Abe Kenshirō 阿部謙四郎 (1915 - 1985) Jūdōka and aikidōka, founder of Kyūshindō
Abe ryū 安倍流 Koryū kenjutsu, the oldest continuing kendō ryū; also Abe Tate ryū
Abe Tate ryū 安倍立流 Koryū kenjutsu, the oldest continuing kendō ryū; also Abe ryū
Abu hachi torazu 虻蜂取らず “Catch neither the horsefly nor the wasp,”  fail by being too eager; attempting two tasks at once and succeeding at neither
Abunai 危ない Dangerous or precarious
Abunai koto wa kega no uchi 危ない事は 怪我のうち “To knowingly flirt with danger invites injury,”   proverb
Abunakatta 危なかった “That was close,”  dangerous, close call (slang)
Abura o uru 油を売る “To sell oil,”  to waste time chitchatting or otherwise loaf on the job (proverb)
Aburaya Yamaki   (1791 - 1881) Okinawan karateka and kobudō master
Acha nu neen chi ami   “Tomorrow is a new day”; adage for learning new things while leaving mistakes behind (Hogen); in Japanese, ashita wa ashita no kaze ga fuku
Adaya 徒矢 Arrow that misses its mark
Adithada அடிதட or അടി തട South Asian martial art with striking and grappling
Agari あがり Being nervous
Agari tachi   Ceremonial, imitation sword
Agatsu 吾勝 Victory over the self
Age 揚げ Uplift
Age ate 揚げ当て Rising knee strike
Age empi uchi 揚げ猿臂打ち Rising elbow strike
Age haisoku uchi 揚げ背足打ち Rising instep strike
Age hiji ate 揚げ肘当て Rising elbow strike
Age kakato geri 揚げ踵蹴り Rising heel kick to the rear
Age kakato ushiro geri 揚げ踵後ろ蹴り Spinning back rising heel kick
Age kote 揚げ小手 In kendō, a strike completed while attacker’s wrists are still above her/his stomach
Age makiwara 揚げ巻藁 Raised or hanging makiwara
Agena Shokuho     (1870 - 1924) Okinawan karateka (Shuri-te) and expert in kobudō; also Tairaguwa Gushikawa or Agena Ukikata
Ageru 揚げる or 上げる To uplift or rise up
Age seiken uchi 揚げ正拳打ち Rising forefist strike
Age shōtei uke 揚げ掌底受け Rising palm heel block
Age te 上げ手 Rising block
Age teishō uchi 揚げ底掌打ち Rising palm heel strike
Age teishō uke 揚げ底掌受け Rising palm heel block
Age uchi 揚げ打ち Rising strike
Age uke 揚げ受け Rising block
Age uke, age empi uchi 揚げ受け、揚げ猿臂打ち Rising block and rising elbow strike
Age uke, age empi uchi, mawashi empi uchi 揚げ受け、揚げ猿臂打ち、回し猿臂打ち Rising block, rising elbow strike, and roundhouse elbow
Age uke, ago zuki 揚げ受け、顎突き Rising block and uppercut
Age uke, chūdan soto shutō uchi 揚げ受け、中段外手刀打ち Rising block, mid-level outside sword-hand strike
Age uke gyaku ashi 揚げ受け逆足 Reverse rising block
Age uke gyaku zukami 揚げ受け逆掴み Reverse rising block with grasping technique
Age uke, mae geri, tate empi uchi 揚げ受け、前蹴り、縦猿臂打ち Rising block, front kick, vertical elbow strike
Age uke, tate mawashi uraken, jōdan mae empi uchi,   otoshi empi uchi 揚げ受け、縦回し裏拳、上段前猿臂打ち、
落とし猿臂打ち
Rising block, vertical roundhouse backfist, high front elbow strike, dropping elbow strike
Age uke, tekubi dori 揚げ受け、手首取り Rising block, wrist grasp
Age uke, temae ni hikiotoshi, gedan zuki 揚げ受け、手前に引落、下段突き
Rising block, draw down in front, low punch
Age uke, tsukami uke 揚げ受け、掴み受け Rising block, grasping block
Age uke, ura zuki 揚げ受け、裏突き Rising block and inverted punch
Age zuki 揚げ突き Rising punch; uppercut
Ago 顎 or 齶 or 頤 or 顋 Chin or jaw
Ago geri 顎蹴り Kick to jaw or chin
Ago makikomi 顎巻込 “Chin winding,” jūjutsu headlock
Ago o dasu 顎を出す Give up or give in (slang)
Ago oshi 顎押 “Jaw push,” jūdō kata
Ago uchi 顎打ち Strike to chin
Ago zuki 顎突き Straight punch to the chin; rising punch
Agura 胡座 Informal seating position; sitting cross-legged
Agura o kaku 胡座をかく Informal seating position; sitting cross-legged; rest on one’s laurels
Ahō 阿呆 Fool, idiot, asshole (slang, more common in Kansai)
Ahō no hanashi gui 阿呆の話食い “A fool believes everything,” proverb
Ai Indigo, a traditionally esteemed color in Japan
Ai chūdan 相中段 Both opponents in middle-level posture
Aida Distance, interval
Aien kien 合縁奇縁 Mysteries of attraction and relationships, esp between men and women
Ai gamae 相構え Harmony posture: closed stance, when each opponent has her/his same foot forward
Ai gedan 相下段 Mutual lower posture; both opponents in gedan no kamae
Ai hanmi 相半身 Partners having the same foot forward in hanmi (half-facing stance)
Ai hanmi gamae 相半身構え Partners having the same foot forward in hanmi (half-facing stance)
Ai iro 藍色 Indigo blue, a traditionally esteemed color in Japan
Ai jōdan 相上段 Mutual upper posture; both opponents in jōdan no kamae
Aiki 合気 “Meeting of the ki,” impassive state of mind of the combatant; slang for aikidō
Aikibattō 合気抜刀 Sword drawing exercise, solo or paired
Aikidō 合気道 Gendai budō; “way of the unification of the spirit”
Aikidōgi 合気道着 or 合気道衣 Aikidō uniform
Aikidōka 合気道家 Practitioner of aikidō
Aiki gamae 合気構え Unified spirit posture
Aiki ha   Doctrine of not resisting the push, weight or pull of an opponent
Aikihō 合気法 Technique by which an opponent’s attack can be stopped by gaining initiative over him/her
Aiki in yō hō 合気陰陽法 Harmony of mind based on Yin and Yang
Aiki jō 合気杖 Stick or staff used in aikidō or the set of techniques using that staff
Aiki jūjutsu 合気柔術 “Gentle art of the unification of the spirit”
Aiki jutsu 合気術 Aiki jujutsu
Aikikai 合気会 Original organization for aikidō; short form of Zaidan Hōjin Aikikai
Aikiken 合気剣 Set of sword techniques in aikidō; sword used in aikidō
Aikiken aikidō 合気剣合気道 Aikidōka versus opponent armed with a staff or sword
Aikiotoshi 合気落し Aikidō throw
Aiki taisō 合気体操 Aikidō exercises done alone, without a partner
Aiki undō 合気運動 Aikidō exercises done alone, without a partner
Aikuchi 合い口 or 匕首 “Fitting mouth”; tantō or very short samurai sword; chum, pal
Ai nuke 合抜 “Mutual passing through”: when neither combatant can strike the other, indicative of high skill
Aioi ryū   Koryū sōjutsu and jūjutsu
Ai satsu 挨拶 Greetings and conversational etiquette, including congratulations, thanks and fellowship
Ai tai suru 相対する To face each other, to face each other with a strong fighting spirit
Aite 相手 Uniting hand or joining hand; training partner or opponent; opponents facing each other in the same kamae
Aite ni ashi o muketa jōtai kara,
  aite o korogashite jibun ga ue ni naru
相手に足を向けた状態から、
相手を転がして自分が上になる
Rolling an opponent who is above 
Aite ni nage raretara, aite ni ashi o mukeru 相手に投げられたら、相手に足を向ける
When thrown by opponent, push him/her off with foot
Aite ni shoku o sasa reta jōtai →
  sutemi no uchimata → hiza jūji
相手に職を差された状態 → 捨て身の内股
→ ヒザ十字
Punch, inner-thigh throw, knee bar
Aite no ashi barai, nami ashi dōji teishō,
  gyaku ura zuki, ashi barai, otoshi gyaku zuki
相手の足払い、波足同時底掌、
逆裏突き、足払い、落とし逆突き
Opponent foot sweep, wave foot with palm heel, inverted reverse punch, foot sweep, dropping reverse punch
Aite no inrō ni wa,
  mizukara no hiza o uchi ni irete panchi de taisho
相手のインローには、
自らの膝を内に入れてパンチで対処
Punch against low kick to inside of thigh
Aite no ishiki o tsutte migi chūdan mawashi geri 相手の意識を釣って右中段回し蹴り Feints, then right middle-level roundhouse kick
Aite no jūshin o kontorōru shite,
  oku shi e no hidari gedan mawashi geri
相手の重心をコントロールして、
奥死への左下段廻し蹴り
Control the center of gravity of opponent to deliver left low roundhouse kick
Aite no kōgeki o ippo fumikonde korosu 相手の攻撃を一歩踏み込んで殺す Moving in and destroying the opponent’s attack
Aite no kuma dori, nekoashi dachi, ushiro empi uchi 相手の熊取り、猫足立ち、後ろ猿臂打ち Bear hug by opponent, cat stance, rear elbow strike
Aite no ma e suzumu ni taishi,
  kōtai shite suitchi shi uchimata geri o awaseru
相手のまえ進に対し、
後退してスイッチし内股蹴りを合わせる
Switch-step inside thigh kick against an advancing opponent
Aite no mata ga aitara, oku ashi mata ni rō kikku 相手の股が開いたら、奥足股にローキック
Low roundhouse kick to outside of leg, then kick to inside of thigh
Aite no migi gedan mawashi geri o karaburi
  sa sete migi wakibara e tobi ushiro geri
相手の右下段廻し蹴りを空振り させて右脇腹へ飛び後ろ蹴り Pull back when opponent attempts a low right roundhouse kick, then counter with jumping back kick as s/he turns
Aite no migi autorō ni wa,
  hidari yoko geri o kurosu kauntā de
相手のみぎアウトローには、
左横蹴りをクロスカウンターで
Cross counter right outer thigh kick with side kick
Aite no nai kenka wa dekinu 相手の無い喧嘩はできぬ “There must be two parties to a quarrel,” proverb
Aite no panchi ni hai kikku o awaseru 相手のパンチにハイキックを合わせる Adjusting high kick to opponent’s punch
Aite no shikaku kara keri komu jōdan mawashi geri 相手の死角から蹴り込む上段廻し蹴り
Roundhouse kick to the blind side of the opponent
Aite o jōdan ushiro mawashi geri no maai ni   sasoikomu kotsu 相手を上段後ろ回し蹴り
の間合いに誘い込むコツ
Luring the opponent into range for spinning hook kick
Aite o kuzushite kara no jōdan mawashi geri 相手を崩してからの上段回し蹴り Unbalancing the opponent to set up high roundhouse kick
Aite o kuzushite kara no keri kata 相手を崩してからの蹴り方 Unbalancing the opponent to set up kick
Aite no tsukuri 合手の作り Conditioning the opponent; setting up the opponent for one’s own advantage; cf jibun no tsukuri
Aite no suki o tsukuri bodi kara
  jōdan ni tsunageru
相手の隙を作り ボディから
上段につなげる
Creating an opening by feinting with the upper body
Aite o makasu 相手を負かす Defeat one’s opponent
Aite o taosu 相手を倒す Defeat one’s opponent
Aite o tsukuru 相手をつくる To pair off
Aite to jiku ga kasanari atta jōtai kara,
  mizukara jiku o zurashite panchi
相手と軸が重なりあった状態から、
自ら軸をずらしてパンチ
Punching by shifting away from the axis of the opponent’s body
Ai uchi 相打ち Simultaneous strike; mutual kill
Aiwan nagashi uke 相腕流し受け Reciprocal arm flowing block
Aizome 藍染め or 藍染 Indigo dye or cloth dyed indigo
Aizu Ikōsai Hisatada   (1452-1538). Founder of Aizu Kage ryū, koryū kenjutsu; also Aizu Hyūga-no-Kami Iko
Aizu Kage ryū   Koryū kenjutsu
Ai zuki 相突き Mutual thrust
Ajari Yoshiaki   (1933- ) Karateka, hachidan, Wadō ryū, direct student of Ohtsuka Hironori
Aji 按司 Okinawan feudal lord, a title of nobility in the Ryūkyū Kingdom
Aji Flavor, taste; charm, style; experience; smart, clever, witty, strange
Aji uke 上受け Rising block
Akahachi Oyakei     Okinawan expert in bōjutsu, credited with the kata, Akahachi no gyakubō
Aka Red (noun)
Akai 赤い Red (adjective)
Aka obi 赤帯 Red belt, signifying high dan grade
Akamine Eisuke 赤嶺栄亮 (1925-1999) Okinawan expert of kobudō
Akazu 飽かず With untiring zeal
Akiramenai 諦めない “I can’t give up,” do or die attitude
Akirameru 諦める To give up, to accept defeat
Akiresu ken アキレス腱 Achilles tendon
Akiresu ken danretsu アキレス腱断裂 Tear the achilles tendon
Akiresu ken en アキレス腱炎 Achilles tendonitis
Akiresu ken o nobashimasu アキレス腱を伸ばします Achilles tendon stretch
Akiyama Shirobei Yoshitoki     Physician and founder (1632) of Yōshin ryū, koryū jūjutsu
Akken 握拳 To form a fist
Akogare 憧れ Yearning, as for knowledge or exposure to the martial ways
Akō gishi 赤穂義士 The tale of the 47 ronin; “loyal samurai of Akō
Akō rōshi 赤穂浪士 The tale of the 47 ronin; “the Akō wandering samurai
Aku ga nuketa hito 灰汁が抜けた人 Someone who thinks of the welfare of others before that of her/himself.
Aku ga tsuyoi 灰汁が強い “Being strong in lye”: someone who is so full of her/himself that s/he is difficult to be near
Akuma barai 魔払い “To sweep away the demons”; to forget doubt, fear, distraction, death; kendō kata waza
Akusō 悪僧 Rowdy monk, dissolute priest, warrior monk, low-ranking temple acolyte often proficient in fighting; later known as sōhei
Akuto Heel
Amado   Lower neck (target)
Amae 甘え A concept of Japanese indulgence and dependence, which Doi Takeo proposes is integral to Japanese society
Amakuni Yasutsuna 天國 安綱 (c. 700) First Japanese swordsmith to use folding process
Ama no Murakumo no Tsurugi 天叢雲剣 “Heavenly gathering of clouds sword,” one of the Sanshu no Jingi, the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan
Amasu あます Perceiving opponent’s intention to strike, stepping back with composure; perceive and evade
Amaterasu 天照 Shintō goddess of the sun
Amaterasu ōmikami 天照大神 Shintō goddess of the sun
Am duong Âm dương Vietnamese version of yin and yang
Amefurashi 雨降らし Legendary Japanese childlike monster, “rain bringer”
Ame futte chi katamaru 雨降って地固まる “After the rain, earth hardens”: adversity builds character
Ame no minakanushi 天御中主 One of the Japanese gods of creation
Amenonuhoko 天沼矛 Japanese mythological naginata used to raise primordial land from sea, wielded by the gods Izanagi and Izanami, “heavenly jeweled spear”
Amerikajin アメリカ人 American person
Amichujing     Purification rituals, Okinawan term for misogi
Ami uchi 網打ち “Fisherman’s throw,” grabbing arms, spreading the body out, and then pulling opponent down
Ana Hole, opening, gap; the hole in each side of a nunchaku through which the joining cord is tied
Anahana 阿那波那 Awareness of breathing in Zen, as a natural rhythm; expiration and inspiration
Anakū 安南空 “Light shining from the north,” karate kata
Anan 安南 Legendary Chinese boxer who taught Matsumura Kosaku and others. His name is given to an Okinawan karate kata
Ananda balansana     Happy baby pose or stretch
Anandai 安南大 Kata of Ryuei ryū
Anankū   “Light shining from the north,” karate kata
Anattā अनात्मन्   Buddhist concept of non-ego or non-self
Anazawa ryū 穴澤流 Koryū naginatajutsu
Andaya Yamagusuku
    (1797-188) Okinawan master of kobudō; also Andaya Yamashiro, Chinen Ueon Kana, Aburaiya Yamagusuki, Chinen Chikudu Peichin Kana, Chinen Sanjin Andaya Peichin
Angampora අංගම්පොර   “Body combat,” Sri Lankan grappling and submission system
Angu na hitobito 暗愚な人々 Dark souls
Anji 按司 Okinawan feudal lord, a title of nobility in the Ryūkyū Kingdom
Anji no mai no te   “Dance hand of the lords,” kata
Anken   Throwing knife or star
Anki   Hidden weapons of Okinawa
                                                                                                                                                                       

Annan - Azuma Takashi     Glossary Index