B      
Ba Horse or pony; also known as uma
Bāfǎquán 八法拳 “Eight Methods,” style of kung fu
Bāguà zhǎng 八卦掌 Eight trigram palm,” one of the three best known styles of internal Chinese boxing
Báihèquán 白鶴拳 “White Crane Fist,” style of kung fu; also Fujian White Crane
Baida 白打 “White strike,” Chinese name for atemi to vital points
Baikei   Collateral branch of a ryū; a separate but parallel development of the mainline system
Báilián jiào 白蓮教 “White Lotus Society,” Chinese triad dating to 13 c, Bob Campbell suggests Pangainoon was a sect of the Society
Báiméi 白眉 “White Eyebrow,” style of kung fu named after one of the legendary Five Elders
Baishin 陪臣 Edo period rear vassel or retainer to a daimiyō
Bājí quán 八極拳 “Eight Extremes Fist,” style of kung fu
Báihè pài 白鶴派 Tibetan White Crane kung fu
Baithak बैठक Hindu squat
Baiṭthaka (baithak) बैठक Hindu squat
Bajutsu 馬術 Art of horsemanship
Baka 馬鹿 Stupid, silly, foolish, a fool, an idiot, an ass, a moron, a jerk
Baka no hitotsu oboe 馬鹿の一つ覚え “The fool knows only one thing,” proverb
Baka o miru 馬鹿を見る “To make a fool of oneself”
Bakarashii 馬鹿らしい Ridiculous, such as new kata concocted for showy display in tournament competition
Baka to hasami ha tsukaiyō 馬鹿と鋏は使い様 Everything comes in handy when rightly used (idiom)
Bakbakan     “To fight or brawl,” modern Filipino fighting system
Bakemono 化け物 Goblin, apparition, monster, ghost, phantom, spectre; shape-shifter
Bakken 抜剣 Drawing one’s sword
Bakkusuteppu kara no migi chūdan zuki バックステッブからの右中段突き Backstep and right middle-level punch
Bak Mei 白眉   “White Eyebrow,” style of kung fu named after one of the legendary Five Elders
Bak Sing Choy Li Fut 北勝蔡李佛   Style of kung fu, sometimes a combination of Choy Li Fut and Northern Shaolin, sometimes a branch of Choy Li Fut
Bak Siu Lum 北少林   Northern kung fu; styles originating north of the Yangtze River
Bakufu 幕府 Samurai government under a shōgun
Bakufu jidai 幕府時代 Period of Japanese history, 1185 - 1868, when real power resided with the shōgun
Bakyaku 馬脚 Give oneself away, reveal one's true colors
Bakyaku o arawasu 馬脚を表わす To reveal the true nature
Balintawok arnis     Filipino martial art founded by Venancio Aciong Bacon
Balisong     A Filipino folding knife
Banbutsu ryuten 万物流転 “All things are in a state of flux”
Bandesh     Ancient South Asian fighting system
Bando     Burmese martial art
Bandōmusha 関東武者 Someone of civility, propriety or dignity; a samurai of the Kantō region
Bando yoga     Yoga practiced by ancient warriors of northern Burma
Banken 番犬 Guard dog or watch dog
Bankokuchōki 蛮国蝶器 Forged iron knuckleduster of the Nagao ryū; metal ring with spikes, Japanese weapon
Bansenshūkai 萬川集海 “Sea of Myriad Rivers Merging,” a text on ninjutsu written in 1676 by Fujibayashi Masatake
Bansetsu an 萬拙庵 “Retreat of the entirely unskilled”; Furuya Kenshō Sensei posted this phrase outside his dōjō/home, translating it as “retreat of the untalented teacher”
Banshay     Armed Burmese martial art
Banzai 万歳 Congratulations, hurrah, long life, “ten thousand years”
Banzuiin Chōbei 幡随院長兵衛 (1622-1657) Historical street tough of Tokugawa jidai who became a favorite of later literature and drama
Banzuke 番付 Document of ratings of sumōtori
Bào quán 豹拳 Leopard fist or leopard kung fu
Bari bari ばりばり Continuous alternating punches
Bashin 馬針 A small feudal Japanese knife used to bleed horses, one of the umagoya sangu
Bashō Matsuo 芭蕉松尾 (1644-1694) Poet of the Edo period
Bassai 披塞 “To penetrate a fortress,” kata,
Bassai Dai 披塞大 “To penetrate a fortress, major, ” kata
Bassai Shō 披塞小 “To penetrate a fortress, minor,” kata
Bassai uke 披塞受け Bassai block
Bata kusai バタ臭い “Butter stinker,” derogatory term for a Westerner
Battō 抜刀 Sword drawing; drawn or naked blade
Battō giri 抜刀義理 Cutting object exercises with the katana
Battō jutsu 抜刀術 Art/science of drawing a sword
Beikoku 米国 America
Beikokujin 米国人k American
Bei pai 北派 Northern kung fu; styles originating north of the Yangtze River
Běi shàolín 北少林 Northern kung fu; styles originating north of the Yangtze River
Běishèng cài li fú 北勝蔡李佛 Style of kung fu, sometimes a combination of Choy Li Fut and Northern Shaolin, sometimes a branch of Choy Li Fut
Benisashi yubi 紅差し指 Ring finger
Benkei 蔵坊 (1155-1189) Japanese sōhei (warrior monk) who served Minamoto no Yoshitsune; also Saitō Musashibō Benkei
Benkei 弁慶 Strong man
Benkei no nakidokoro 弁慶の泣き所 One’s weak point, Achilles heel; shin
Benkyō 勉強 Study; diligence
Bensoku dachi 弁足立ち Cross-legged stance
Betsuden 別傳 “Separate or special transmission”; secret teaching to the highest or most loyal students
Betsuden no maki 別傳の巻 Written scrolls of the betsuden
Bersilat     Malaysian style of martial arts, similar to Javanese Pentjak Silat
Bi Nose
Bi Beauty
Bigaku
美学 Japanese aesthetics
Bico de papagaio   “Parrot beak” throw
Bijin no owari wa saru ni naru 美人の終わりは 猿になる “A beauty can be a monkey in old age,” proverb
Bikotsu 尾骨 Coccyx
Binshō 敏捷 Nimble, prompt, agile, quick, shrewd, smart
Binshō sei 敏捷性 Quickness
Birin no kamae 尾鱗の構え “Tail scale” or fish tail posture
Biryō 鼻梁 Bridge of nose
Bisentō 眉尖刀 Halberd with a wide blade; essentially the same as the Chinese guandao
Bishamon
毘沙門
Japanese god of war, one of the Shichi Fujukin, the seven Shintō gods of fortune, patron of warriors, guardian of one of the four cardinal points, North
Bishamonten 毘沙門天 Japanese god of war, one of the Shichi Fujukin, the seven Shintō gods of fortune, patron of warriors, guardian of one of the four cardinal points, North
Bishibishi びしびし Relentlessly
Bishibishi shigoku びしびし扱く To train without mercy
Bishukketsu 鼻出血 Nosebleed
Biteikotsu 尾てい骨 Coccyx; a kyusho mato
Bitoku 美徳 Virtue
Bizen zori 備前反り A classification of curvature of a katana
Bkyukl Bökh     Mongolian wrestling
A long staff; a staff of any length
Bōbi 防備 Defense
Bō chaku     A two-section staff, whose longer section is comparable to a
Bodhidharma 達磨 (fl. 526) Legendary Indian monk who travelled to the Shaolin Temple, establishing the basis for kung fu
Bodhimanda     Original Sanskrit term for dōjō; place of enlightenment, “Buddha position”
Bodhimandala     Original Sanskrit term for dōjō; place of enlightenment, “Buddha position”
Bodi e no hidari sutorēto ボディへの左ストレート Straight left to the body
Bōdō 棒道 The way of the staff, a gendai budō
Bō dori zuki otoshi 棒取り突き落とし Dropping staff thrust take-away
Bōei 防衛 Defense
Bōgi 防技 Defensive techniques, one of six categories of kihon in Shōrinji kempō
Bōgu 防具 The armor used in kendō and naginata-dō
Bōgu gumite 防具組手 Sparring with protective armor
Bōgyo 防御 Defense
Bōgyo funō no migi hai kikku 防御不能の右ハイキック
Right high kick against no defense
Bōgyo gamae 防御構え Defensive posture
Bōgyo no kamae 防御の構え Defensive posture
Bōgyo no tame no bōgyo nashi 防御の為の 防御無し “No defense is just for defense”
Bōgyo roku kyodō 防御六挙動 “Six defense actions,” basic drill of Ryobu kai karate
Bōgyo waza 防御技 Defense techniques; also uke waza
Boin 母印 Thumbprint, often used on certificates as a means of authentication
Bōjutsu 棒術 Art of the long staff
Bokator     Cambodian (Khmer) martial art, pronounced “bok ah tau”
Bōkatsu 棒喝 “Stick shout,” technique of Zen, in which a teacher shouts and strikes the student with a kyosaku (stick)
Bökh or Böke Бөх    Mongolian wrestling
Bokken 木剣 Wooden sword
Bokken gake 木剣掛け “Wooden sword hook”; a rack for holding bokken
Bōkō 膀胱 Urinary bladder
Bo kodachi 木小太刀 Small wooden companion sword
Boku Tree; wood; wooden
Bokura wa sorezore ni tabidatsu 僕らはそれぞれに 旅立つ “We each set out on our own separate journeys,” even though we train together, we ultimately make the journey on our own
Bokuden ryū 卜伝流 Koryū kenjutsu founded by Bokuden Tsukahara
Bokuden Tsukahara 卜伝塚原 (1489-1571) Swordsman of the early Warring States Period
Bō gumite 棒組手 Sparring with the
Bökh Бөх or Үндэсний бөх   Mongolian wrestling
Bokuseki 墨跡 Form of Japanese calligraphy, shodō
Bokusen 木扇 Wooden fan; a wooden tenarashi, a weapon that looks like a closed folding fan
Bokutō 木刀 Wooden sword
Bompu Zen 凡夫禅 “Ordinary Zen”; Zen oriented to health and well-being, not deeper philosophical concerns
Bo naginata 木長刀 Wooden naginata
Bonji 梵字 Religious Sanskrit characters inscribed on the blade of a katana
Bonnō 煩悩 Worldly desires, evil passions; disturbed feeling, moment when a fighter freezes
Bonnō gusaku 煩悩具足 Possessing worldly desires and passions
Bō no te 棒の手 Folk performing art using fighting techniques with the
Bon no kubo 盆の窪 Hollow at the nape of the neck
Bon’yari shita ぼにゃりした Inattentive or absent-minded, dazed, stupid
Bon’yari shita hoshi o miru ぼにゃりした 星を観る Looking at a faint star; equivalent to enzan no metsuke (gazing at the far mountain)
Bō odori 棒踊り Okinawan folk dance with staff
Bōryaku 謀略 Strategy
Bōryoku 暴力 Violence
Bōryoku bigaku 暴力美学 Aesthetics of violence
Bōryoku kōi 暴力行為 Act of violence
Bōryoku o furū 暴力を振るう Use violence
Bō sai gumite 棒釵组手 Sparring between fighters armed with and sai
Bōsen 防戦 Defensive battle
Boshi 拇指 or  母指 Thumb or big toe
Bōshi 帽子 The temper line on the point of a Japanese sword
Bōshi geri 帽子蹴り Hat kick
Boshi ippon ken 親指一本拳 Thumb knuckle fist
Boshi ippon nukite 親指一本貫手 Thumb spear hand
Boshi ippon nukite fukku gata 帽子一本貫手フック型 Hook form thumb spear hand
Boshi ippon tsunode 帽子一本角手 Thumb horn hand
Boshiken 拇指拳 Thumb tip fist
Boshiken zuki 拇指拳突き Thumb fist punch
Bōshin 謀臣 Strategist, tactician, schemer
Boshi uchi 拇指打ち A thumb strike
Bō shuriken 棒手裏剣 Throwing spikes
Bo tantō 木短刀 Wooden training knife
Bothati बोथटि   South Asian spear art on horseback, practiced by the Nihang of the Punjab as part of their martial art, Gatkā
Bō uchi 棒打ち Strike with a
Bō uke 棒受け Block against a
Bō uke, bō dori, bō uchi 棒受け、棒取り、棒打ち Staff block, staff take-away, staff strike
Boxe française   French martial art
Bu Martial
Term for “stance” in kung fu
Buai geiko randori 武合い稽古乱取り “Warrior meeting practice free play”: serious, hard randori not aimed at sport competition
Bubaru 武張る To be martial
Bubishi 武備志 Germinal martial arts text
Buchō 部長 Division chief
Budan seiji 武断政治 Military government
Budō 武道 Martial way
Budō dentō bunka 武道伝統文化 Traditional martial arts culture
Budōgi 武道着 Uniform of the martial way, keikogi
Budō hiketsu 武道秘訣 “Secrets of budō”; the secret techniques of a ryū
Budō jūhappan 武道十八般 The 18 martial arts and ways cultivated at the Butokuden; a revival of bugei jūhappan
Budōka 武道家 Practitioner of the martial ways
Budōkan 武道館 Shortened form of Nippon Budōkan, the large hall in Tōkyō; budō hall; budō training hall
Budōkan 武道館 Karate ryū founded 1966 by Malaysian Chew Choo Soot
Budō kyōka 武道教科 Teaching poems about the martial ways
Budō no waza o kitaeru 武道の技を鍛える “Train the techniques of the martial ways”
Budō seishin 武道精神 Martial spirit
Budō Senmon Gakkō 武道専門学校 National training school for teachers of kendō
Budōshi 武道士 Colloquially, a person who emulates the spirit of budō
Budōshoshinshū 武道初心集 Elementary readings in the martial ways, a book by Daidōji Yūzan (1639 - 1730)
Budō tetsugaku giron 武道哲学議論 Martial ways philosophy discussion
Bufū ikkan 武風一貫 “May the martial wind blow everyday”
Bugaku 武学 Military science
Bugei 武芸 Martial craft or art; often synonymous with bujutsu
Bugei hyappan 武芸百般 All the martial arts
Bugei jūhappan 武芸十八般 The 18 traditional martial arts
Bugeikan 武芸館 “Hall of the martial arts”; karate dōjō of Higa Seitoku
Bugei Ryūha Daijiten 武芸流派大事典 Catalog of koryū, by Watatani Kiyoshi and Yamada Tadashi
Bugeisha 武芸者 Exponent of the bugei
Bugi 武技 Martial arts
Bugu 武具 Weapons, armor
Bugu gake 武具掛け Weapons rack
Bu ho no kata     Kata for nunchaku created by Kanazawa Hirokazu
Buji 無事 Safety, peace, quiet
Buji 武事 Martial arts
Bujikara 武力 Martial strength (Funakoshi Gichin)
Buji kore kaere meiba 無事これ帰れ名馬 “It is a noteworthy horse that can return its rider to safety”
Bujin 武人 Military person; soldier
Bujin katagi 武人気質 Martial spirit; the spirit of true warriors
Bujutsu 武術 Martial art or martial craft; in Chinese, wushu
Bujutsuka 武術家 Person who practices the martial arts
Bujutsu o kitaeru 武術を鍛える To train the martial arts
Bujutsu ryū soroku 武術流祖録 Book by Hatori Yosei published in 1843 listing 150 important bujutsu ryū
Bukatsu 部活 Sports or culture club
Buke 武家 Military nobility
Buke hō 武家法 Moral rules or customs for bushi
Buke jidai ぶけじだい Feudal period, characterized by the rule of the shogunate as opposed to emperor, 1185-1867
Buke jiki 武家事纪 One of the books by Yamaga Sōkō (1622-1685), samurai of the Aizu clan, which lay the basis for bushidō
Buke keihō 武家刑法 Penal code in Japan used in the times from Minamoto no Yoritomo to Tokugawa Ieyasu (1190-1600)
Buke no tōryō 武家棟梁 “Ridge pole of the warrior house,” head of warrior house of feudal Japan
Buke seiji 武家政治 Feudal government
Buke seiken 武家政権 Samurai government
Buke sho hatto 武家諸法度 1615 law decreeing rules for the daimyō during Tokugawa shogunate
Buke temae 武家点前 Tea ceremony for bushi, whose techniques included the use of certain tea utensils for defense and attack
Buke zukuri   Style of carrying two swords thrust through the obi, edge up
Buke yashiki 武家屋敷 Samurai residence
Buki 武器 General term for “weapon”
Buki gake 武器掛け Weapons rack
Buki’gwa     Okinawan weapons or weapons fighting
Buki hō 武器法 Practice of weapons
Bukinashi 武器無し Unarmed
Buki no bu 武器の武 Armed attack
Bukirei 武器礼 Formal bow to one’s weapon, especially in koryū
Bukiwaza 武器技 Weapons techniques
Bukkotsu nage 仏骨投げ Throw, grasping the throat and using it for leverage
Bukkyō 仏教 Buddhism
Bukō ryū 武甲流 Koryū naginatajutsu
Bukotsu 武骨 Uncouth; clumsy; brusque
Bukyō 武侠 Chivalry, gallantry, heroism
Bukyō 武教 Teachings of bushidō
Bukyō shōsetsu 武侠小説 Swashbuckling stories; martial arts fiction; chivalric knight novels
Bumon 武問 Samurai lineage, a martial family
Bun Academic learning
Bunbu 文武 Literary and martial arts
Bunbu fuki 文武不岐 “The literary and martial arts cannot be separated”
Bunbu itchi 文武一致 The pen and the sword are one
Bunbu ittai 文武一体 A unity of study and martial arts
Bunbu kembi 文武兼備 Well skilled in wielding both the sword and the pen
Bunbunbai ぶんぶんばい Classical Japanese flail weapon, short stick with iron ball attached with chain
Bunbu ryōdō 文武両道 The united Ways of the pen and the sword; scholar/martial culture synthesis
Bunei 文永 Japanese historical era, 1264 - 1275
Bunei 武寧 (1398 -1406) Last king of Chūzan, one of three kingdoms on Okinawa
Bungaku 文学 Literature
Bunji 文事 Literary matters
Bunjin 文人 Person of letters
Bunka 文化 Culture, civilization
Bunkai 分解 “Having been cut into many parts”; analysis of kata, including applications (ōyō)
Bunkai dōsa 分解動作 The dissected pieces of a kata, the attack and defense scenarios contained in it
Bunkai gumite 分解組手 Prearranged sets of techniques which follow the kata
Bunkai kaisetsu 分解解説 Verbal explanation of bunkai dosa
Bunkai suru 分解する “To cut into many parts”; analysis of kata
Bu o neru 武を練る To train oneself in the martial arts (obscure)
Buryaku 武略 Strategy, military tactics
Buryoku 武力 Military might, force of arms, the sword
Busai 武歳 or 武才 Martial intuition, martial mind, martial awareness, correct martial way; “martial age,” depth and maturity of a budōka without regards to chronological age or rank
Busaganashi     Lesser Taoist deity venerated by many Okinawan Gōjū ryū karateka
Busan 武産 Martial creativity; also takemusu
Busha 武射 Military archery; cf reisha, ceremonial archery
Bushakotoba 武者言葉 or 武者言 Samurai words and phrases
Bushi 武士 Warrior, including the level of the samurai; synonymous with samurai
Bushidan 武士団 Samurai groups that arose in 11th c Japan
Bushidō 武士道 The way of the warrior; the samurai code of conduct
Bushidō no hana 武士道の華 The flower of chivalry
Bushi gwa     “Small warrior,” rough, loutish karateka who lacks the culture and principles of a gentleman and gives a bad name to karate (gwa is Hogen for “small”); also tijikun bushi (Okinawan) or tekkōbushi (Japanese) (Higaonna Morio)
Bushi kaikyū 武士階級 Warrior class
Bushi katagi 武士気質 Spirit of the samurai
Bushin 武心 Spiritual level of the martial ways
Bushin 武神 God of military arts; also take no kami
Bushi ni nigon nashi 武士に二言なし “A samurai never tells a lie,” proverb
Bushin katagi ぶじんかたぎ Spirit of true warriors
Bushi no ichi gon 武士の一言 “The word of a samurai”; the guarantee of truth
Bushi no kagami 武士の鑑 A paragon of the warrior
Bushi no michi 武士の道 The way of the warrior; also bushidō
Bushi no nasake 武士の情け “The gentleness of the warrior”
Bushi no te 武士の手 “The hand of the warrior”: karate or Okinawan te
Bushi tamashii 武士魂 Indomitable warrior spirit
Bushi tanmei 武士短命 Elderly people who practice karate (Funakoshi Gichin)
Bushi wa kuwanedo taka-yoji 武士は喰わねど 高楊枝
“A samurai, even when he has not eaten, uses his toothpick,” proverb
Bushō 不精 Indolence; laziness; sloth
Busō 武装 Armaments, “martial dressing”
Busshinichinyo 物心一如 Body and mind as one; matter and mind are one;
Buta ni shinju 豚に真珠 “Pearls before swine,” proverb
Buta o nusunde hone o hodokosu 豚 を 盗んで 骨 を 施す “To steal a pig and give its bones to charity”: you cannot justify a greater evil with a petty act of benevolence
But Marma Atti ബുത് മരമ അദി   South Indian striking art
Butoku 武徳 Martial virtue; martial arts
Butokuden 武徳殿 Oldest dōjō in Japan, recognized as a jūyō bunkazai
Butokukai 武徳会 Dai Nippon Butokukai
Butokukan 武德館 Training hall of the martial virtues
Butokukan karate 武德合空手 Karate style originating as Shinpuren in Japan
Butoku sai 武徳祭 Martial arts festival
Butsu Buddha, Buddhism
Butsudō 仏道 Buddhism, Buddhist teachings
Butsudō 仏堂 Buddhist temple
Butsukari 打つ借り Stopping the opponent’s charge (in training) and swinging him/her down
Butsukari ぶつかり Training through repeated movements
Butsukari geiko 打つ借り稽古 Practice of stopping the opponent`s charge and swinging him/her down
Buun 武運 Fortune in war
Buyōkiseru 武用煙管 A tobacco pipe constructed and reinforced as a weapon
Buyu 武友 Martial friends
Buyū 武勇 Bravery; military prowess; valor
Buyū den 武勇伝 Martial story
Buyū setsurin 武勇絶倫 Peerless bravery; matchless valor (in arms)
Byakko 白虎 “White tiger,” kata; god who rules the western heavens; “Seven mansions,” Chinese constellation
Byakuren chūdan gamae 白蓮中段構え White lotus middle level posture
Byō   Throwing knife or star
Byō Second (unit of time)
Byōbu daoshi 屏風倒 “To topple a folded screen,” Shōtōkan nage waza