C: Caijia quan - chiseigan gamae
Chishi - Cuong Nhu      Glossary index
Caijia Quan 蔡家拳 Kung fu style: rat kung fu; also Choy Gar or Choy Family Fist
Capoeira   Brazilian-African martial art
Cau liem     Vietnamese kama (sickle)
Cha Tea; brown
Chadai 茶代 Mat fee paid when visiting dōjō, normally paid to senior student discretely before class begins
Chairo 茶色 Brown
Chajin 茶人 “Person of tea,” someone accomplished in the way of Japanese tea ceremony, sadō; person with eccentric tastes
Chajin no monozuki 茶人の物好き “Curiosity of a person of tea,” be like a chajin, who should be interested in all aspects and details of sadō (proverb)
Chakin shibori 茶巾絞り “Wringing a tea towel,” proper grip of sword
Chakuchi 着地 Landing after a jump; alight to ground
Chakuchi ashi 着地足 “Replacement foot”; stepping where one foot takes place of another
Chakugan 着眼 To pay attention; point of visual focus; one of the kata no roku yōso
Chakuriki 借力 To reverse or return an opponent’s strength or ki
Chakuriki no heihō 借力の兵法 The strategy of borrowing strength from another source, like one’s opponent
Chaku seki 着席 Sitting down, seat
Chakusō 着装 In kendō, putting on kendōgi, hakama, kendōgu etc and the appearance created thereby, implying importance of a certain aesthetic that integrates with movement and practicality
Chakusō no midare 着装の乱れ Disheveled clothing
Chakuza 着座 Act of kneeling and settling into seiza; command to sit in seiza; sitting on the floor
Ch’an Chinese name for Zen
Chanbara or chambara ちゃんばら Sword fight
Chang San Feng 张三丰 or 張三丰 or 張三豐 Legendary Taoist priest and originator of taijiquan
Chanko nabe ちゃんこ鍋 Japanese stew that is staple for sumō wrestlers
Chanko sumō ちゃんこ 相撲 Japanese stew that is staple for sumō wrestlers
Channan 長安 “Perpetual peace”; kata thought to be forerunner of Pinan series
Cha no yu 茶の湯 Tea ceremony
Cha obi 茶帯 Brown belt
Chang quan 长拳 Long fist, style of kung fu
Chapa no chão   Hand on floor kick
Chapéu de couro   “Leather hat” kick
Chá quán 查拳 Cha fist, style of kung fu
Chasen gami 茶筅髪 Particular samurai hairstyle
Chashitsu 茶室 “Tea room,” hut for sadō, the Japanese tea ceremony
Chashitsutō 茶室 刀 “Tea room sword,” short bokutō (wooden sword) carried in chashitsu (tea room), where conventional weapons such as katana were prohibited
Chā shǒu 叉手 Covered fist
Chatan Yara 北谷屋良 (1870? - ?) Okinawan karate master whose name survives in several kata
Chatan Yara no kon 北谷屋良 の棍 kata attributed to Chatan Yara
Chatan Yara no Kūshankū 北谷屋良の 公相君 Distinctly different variation of Kūshankū attributed to Chatan Yara
Chatan Yara no sai 北谷屋良 の釵 Sai kata attributed to Chatan Yara
Chaya 茶屋 Japanese teahouse or tea dealer; euphemism for Edo period brothel
Chayon ryū     Eclectic modern martial art founded 1968 by Kim Soo
Cheena Adi or Cheena di     “Chinese punch” or “Chinese hit,” ancient Sri Lankan fighting system
Cheibi gad-ga     East Indian stick fighting
Chen Genpin     (1587 - c 1671) Chinese internal arts master who taught in Japan in 17th c, legendary founder of jūjutsu; also Ch’en Yuanbin or Chen Yuan Ping
Chén shì tàijí quán 陈氏太極拳 Chen style tàijí quán
Ch’en Yuanbin     (1587 - c 1671) Chinese internal arts master who taught in Japan in 17th c, legendary founder of jūjutsu; also Chen Genpin or Chen Yuan Ping
Cheng Man Ch'ing 郑曼青 or 鄭曼青 (1901 - 1975) Chinese master of taijiquan
Chi Earth (one of the Five Elements); ground; region
Chi Blood
Chi Chinese pronunciation of ki
Chiba Shusaku 千葉周作 (1794 - 1856) Japanese swordsman, founder of Hokushin Ittō Ryū kenjutsu
Chibana Chōsin 知花朝信 (1885 - 1969) Okinawan karateka, founder of Kobayashi Shōrin ryū.
Chibana no kon 知花の棍 kata
Chibana no Kūshankū 知花の公相君 Variation of Kūshankū
Chibana no Passai 知花の披塞 Variation of Bassai
Chiburi 血振り Symbolic action of removing blood from a blade in iaidō
Chibusa 乳房 Breast, nipple
Chichi Breast
Chichigiribō 乳切棒 “Chest cut staff,” classical Japanese weapon, hardwood staff that reached from ground to chest, approximately length of a , a kobuki or minor weapon in use from Kamakura period (1192-1332) on; aka chigirikibō
Chidori ashi 千鳥足 Crossover step, as in Naihanchi; stagger or reel as if drunk; “thousand feet” (type of tai sabaki); sliding the feet moving diagonally
Chidorigane 千鳥鉄 “Plover iron,” classical Japanese composite weapon comprised of winged weight chained to metal pipe
Chigai 違い Difference, discrepancy
Chigau 違う “It’s different,” “No”
Chigirigi 乳切木 or 千切木 or
愛木 or 知義理木
Classical Japanese composite weapon composed of short bamboo shaft and chain with a weight
Chigiriki 乳切木 or 千切木 or
愛木 or 知義理木
Classical Japanese composite weapon composed of short bamboo shaft and chain with a weight
Chigirikibō 乳切木棒 Classical Japanese weapon, hardwood staff approximately length of , kobuki or minor weapon in use from Kamakura period (1192-1332) on; also chichigiribō
Chigiriki jutsu 乳切木術 Art of chigiriki, composite weapon
Chi gyō ichi nyo 知行一如 Knowledge and action are inseparable
Chihayafuru kami no oshie wa tokoshie ni tadashiki kokoro mi o mamoruran 千早振る神の教え
は久 遠に正しき
“1000 shakes [purifying the area], the teachings of God never changes throughout eternity and will protect you if you have a correct mind/heart/spirit”
Chihō geiko 地方稽古 Practice with members from dōjō of a region; training with dōjō in different regions
Chiishi 力石 Hojo undō device, stone weight attached to a stick
Chikai 近い Near or close; to close with opponent
Chikai 誓い Oath or vow
Chikaku 地鶴 Gōjū ryū kata, “Crane on a rock”
Chikakute mienu wa matsuge 近くて見えぬは 睫毛 “Eyelashes, though close, are not visible,” we see not what sits on our own shoulders, we easily find the faults of others but not our own (proverb)
Chikama 近間 Short distance, one of three ranges of maai in kendō; close enough to engage without taking a step; “too short”
Chikama geri 近間蹴り Close kick
Chikara Physical strength; power; capability; influence; also ryoku
Chikara dameshi 力試し Test of strength
Chikara gami 力紙 Sheets of paper used to wipe face and body of sumōtori
Chikara ishi 力石 Hojo undō device, stone weight attached to stick
Chikara kobu 力瘤 Large biceps
Chikara kurabe 力比べ Public contests of wrestling or strength in ancient Japan
Chikara mizu 力水 “Power water” sipped and spat out by rikishi before match, with ladle used by last winner on that side (east or west)
Chikara mochi 力持ち Muscle man or strong man
Chikara no kagiri tatakau 力の限り戦う To fight with all one’s might
Chikara no kyōjaku 力の強弱 Hardness and softness of power; correct application of power; one of 3 principles of kata of Ōyama Masutatsu
Chikara o dashi gata 力を出し型 Extension of power
Chikara o dasu 力を出す Extend power
Chikara o ireru 力を入れる Contraction of muscles
Chikara o nuku 力を抜く “More skill, less force”; relaxation of muscles; no power; let go of strength/tension; relax; loosen up
Chikara o tsukusu 力を尽くす To make an effort
Chika yoru 近寄る To shorten distance to opponent
Chikotsu 恥骨 Pubis
Chīkǔ 吃苦 “Eat bitter”; endure suffering, especially in training (Chinese)
Chikuba no tomo 竹馬の友 “Friends who walked on stilts together,” childhood friends, old friends [are best]
Chikubasho 竹馬書 Set of precepts written by Shiba Yoshimasa (1350 - 1410), primary texts of bushidō
Chikubi 乳首 Nipple (target)
Chikudon pēchin 筑登之親雲 “Lower pēchin,” level in shizoku class of Okinawan caste system
Chikujō jutsu 築城術 The art of castle building
Chi kung 氣功 Cultivation of qi, internal energy (Chinese)
Chikutō 竹刀 Bamboo practice sword
Chimbe チンベ Kobudō shield
Chimei 致命 Fatality
Chimei shō 致命傷 Deadly wound
Chimei shō o ukeru 致命傷を受ける Be mortally wounded
Chimeiteki 致命的 Fatal, deadly, mortal
Chimeiteki naayamari 致命的な誤り Deadly mistake, fatal error
Chimeiteki dageki 致命的打撃 Death blow
Chimugukuru     Okinawan term for secrets of martial arts
Chinchaku 沈着 Composure, calmness
Chinchaku reisei 沈着冷静 Calm, cool, and collected; level and calm
Chinen Kenyu     (1944 - ) Okinawan master of Matayoshi kobudō (8 dan) and Shōrin ryū (9 dan)
Chinen Masami   (1898 - 1976) Japanese founder of Yamane ryū bōjutsu; aka Chinen Yamane
Chinen Sanda   (1846 - 1928) Okinawan master of kobudō; aka Chinen Pēchin or Yamane no Chinen
Chinen Sanjin Andaya Pechin   (1797 - 1881) Okinawan master of kobudō, sensei and uncle of Chinen Sanda (Chinen Pechin); aka Aburaiya Yamagusuku
Chinen Sanra   (1852 - 1925) Okinawan karateka, sensei of Chitose Tsuyoshi
Chinen Shitahaku   Okinawan expert in kobujutsu
Chinen Shitahaku no kon   kata attributed to Chinen Shitahaku
Chinen Teruo 知念辉夫 (1941- ) Okinawan karateka (Gōjū ryū)
Chinen Yamane   (1898 - 1976) Japanese founder of Yamane ryū bōjutsu; aka Chinen Masami
Chin Genpin   (1587 - ? ) Chinese kung fu master who taught Isojai Jiroemen and Miura Yojiuemon at Azabu monastery in Kokushoji. Aka Ch’en Yanbin or Yuan Ping
Chinkon 鎮魂 Calming the spirit
Chinkon kishin 鎮魂帰神 “To calm the spirit and return to the divine,” Shintō credo and meditative exercise, practiced especially in aikidō
Chinkuchi チンクチ Focused, controlled energy or ki
Chinkuchi kakin チンクチカキン Instantaneous tightening of body at moment of impact of strike
Chinmoku wa kin yūben wa gin 沈黙は金 雄弁は銀 “Silence is golden; eloquence is silver,” proverb
Chin na 擒拿 Chinese techniques of joint-locking
Chi no kata 擒の型 Kata of Kojo ryū karate jutsu
Chi no kokyū 擒拿呼吸 “Breath of earth,” aikidō breathing exercise
Chi no maki 地之巻 “Earth scroll,” catalog of techniques in certain koryū
Chinpu gata     Kata of Kojo ryū Karate jutsu
Chinsu 鎭衆 “Crane nest,” kata of Tōte Sakugawa
Chinte 鎭定 Kata of Tōte Sakugawa
Chinte 珍手 “Unusual hands” or “rare hands” or “crazy hands,” kata of Shitō ryū and Shōtōkan
Chintō 鎮東 or 鎮闘 Karate kata
Chi nugui 血拭い Classical actions of removing blood from sword, as distinguished from the symbolic chiburi
Chinzei 鎮西 Medieval name for Kyūshū; branch of Jōdo shū Buddhism
Chio ken 地王拳 Methods of defense against continuous attack commencing with kick
Chi o migaku 技を磨淬 To cultivate wisdom (obscure)
Chiri mo tsumoreba yama to naru 塵も積もれば 山と成る “Dust, when accumulated, makes a mountain,” proverb
Chiru no chan chan   Fast “springy” movement, in contrast to muchimi, which is heavy, sticky movement (Okinawan karate)
Chīsa gatana 小さ刀 Japanese sword that is shorter than katana but longer than wakizashi
Chīsai 小さい Small or little
Chisei 知声 Knowing voice, kind of kiai
Chīsana 小さな Small
Chi sao 黐手 “Sticky hands” practice in Wing Chun kung fu
Chiseigan gamae 地眼構え Ground and aiming at eyes posture (Kojo ryū)
Chī shǒu 黐手 “Sticky hands” practice in Wing Chun kung fu
Chishi - Cuong Nhu      Glossary Index