D      
Da ashi 蛇足 Snake step
Daburu no gedan mawashi geri ダブルの下段回し蹴り Double lower-level roundhouse kick
Daburu no uchimata mawashi geri ダブルの内股回し蹴り
Double roundhouse kick to the inside thigh
Dàchéng quán 大成拳 Great Achievement Boxing, style of internal kung fu
Dàdāo 大刀 Chinese saber or great sword
Dageki no feinto → ryō ashi takkuru 打撃のフェイント → 両足タックル
Feint and double-leg takedown
Dai Major, great, large
Daichi 台地 Plateau
Daichō 大腸 Colon
Daidai iro obi 橙色帯 Orange belt
Daidankin 大臀筋 Gluteus maximus
Daidōji Yūzan 大道寺友山 (1639 - 1730) Samurai and military strategist, author of Budōshoshinshu
Daidō juku 大道塾 Hybrid full-contact and grappling system and association
Daidō ryū   Koryū kenjutsu, kyūba, sōjutsu and kajutsu, founded by Goto Tamauemon Tadayoshi (1644 - 1736)
Daigaku 大学 University
Daigakusei 大学生 University student; undergraduate
Daijinbutsu 大人物 Great or magnanimous man
Daijōbu desu 大丈夫です “Alright; I am alright,” “It’s alright”
Dai jōdan 大上段 Above upper level, above the head; raising sword above head; haughty attitude
Dai gatana 大刀 Long sword
Dai kentō 大拳頭 Primary striking knuckles in karate: first two knuckles of index and middle fingers
Dai kinniku 大筋肉 Major muscles
Daikō 代講 Substitute or assistant teacher
Daikō 乃公 I (ego) (boastful first-person pronoun)
Dai kyō soku kei 大強速軽 "Big strong fast smooth”
Dai kyōkin 大胸筋 Pectoralis major
Daikyū 大弓 Japanese longbow or war bow
Daimon 大門 “Big gate”; in kyūsho, middle of shoulder joint
Daimyō 大名 Feudal lord
Daimyō tobiguchi 大名鳶口 Daimyō’s kite’s beak,” fire ax or fire hook adapted for use as a weapon by samurai and daimyō
Daimyō yashiki 大名屋敷 Mansion of a daimyō
Dai nashi 台無し Mess; spoiled; spoilt; (come to) nothing
Dai nashi ni naru 台無しになる To come to nothing; to be spoiled; to be spoilt
Dai nashi ni suru 台無しにする To spoil; to ruin; to destroy; to make a mess of
Dai Nippon Butokukai 大日本武徳会 Imperial Japan Martial Association
Dai Nippon Butokukai Budō Senmon Gakkō 大日本武徳会 武道専門学校 Imperial Japan Martial Association Specialized Budō School, founded in 1895 by the Japanese government to preserve traditional Japanese martial ways. Its headquarters is the Butokuden.
Dai Nippon Iaidō Renmei 大日本居合道連盟 Imperial Japan Iaidō Federation
Dairi 代理 Proxy, representative, agent, substitute, alternate
Dairokkan 第六感 Sixth sense, intution
Daisaku 代作 Something made by a pupil in the name of his master, with permission and guidance; ghostwriting
Dai sempai 代先輩 Highest ranking student under the sensei
Dai sensei 大先生 Great teacher; jūdan
Daisharin 大車輪 Cartwheel; all-out effort; frenzied activity
Daishi ichiban 大死一番 Exerting to the utmost; prepared to die if necessary; spiritual rebirth
Daishō 大小 Two swords of the samurai, the katana and the wakizashi; “big and small”
Daishō no heihō 大小の兵法 “Large and small” strategy; to use the correct response, neither overkill nor underestimation
Daishūten 大周天 “Grand circuit” of ki; when internal energy flow connects all eight meridians
Daitai 大腿 Thigh
Daitai hiza geri 太股膝蹴り Knee strike to thigh
Daitengu 大天狗 Great or large tengu, Japanese mythical supernatural creatures; sometimes tengu are ghosts of the dead and daitengu are the ghosts of the knowledgeable, as opposed to the ignorant
Daitō 大刀 Longsword, over 2 shaku
Daitōkan 大東館 Former hombu of Daito ryū aiki budō of Takeda Tokimune, closed in 1994.
Daito ryū aiki jujutsu 大東流合気柔術 Antecedent to aikidō
Daken 打剣 Throwing blade
Dakentaijutsu 打拳体術 The art of striking
Daki age 抱上 “High lift,” Kōdōkan jūdō throw
Dakikubi 抱き首 “Embrace neck,” near-decapitating cut by the kaishakunin, the second to someone performing seppuku
Dakō zuki 蛇行突き Crawling punch
Damaru mono ni yudansuna 黙る者に 油断すな “Be mindful of the silent” (proverb)
Dame 駄目 Wrong, no good, impossible, must not do
Damatte keiko 黙って稽古 “Zen instruction to set aside extraneous concerns and enter completely into practice” or “Shut up and train”
Dámó 達磨 Legendary Indian monk who brought Zen and foundations of kung fu to Shaolin temple
Dan Levels, grades, ranks
Danbira 段平 Japanese broadsword; big, wide sword
Danchu     Kyūsho point at top of sternum
Dand   Hindu pushup
Dan gumite 段組手 Upper level yakusoku kumite (prearranged sparring)
Dan hangeki 段反撃 Block and counter with the same hand
Dan-i 段位 Japanese rank of dan and kyū
Dankon 男根 Penis, phallus
Dan no mono 段の物 “That which is of steps,” Asato Anko’s 1903 term for kata
Danpatsu shiki 断髪式 Ceremony of cutting off the topknot of a retiring sumōtori
Danryoku 弾力 Resilience, elasticity, flexibility
Danseiki 男性器 Male genitalia, penis
Dansen 團扇 or 団扇 Round or oval war fan
Dan shinsa 段審査 Black belt examination
Dantai renshū 団体練習 Group practice
Dan to kyū 段と級 “Dan and kyū,” Japanese system of rank
Dan uke 段受け  Several consecutive blocks with the same hand
Danyaku 弾薬 Ammunition
Danzan ryū 檀山流 “Sandlewood Mountain School,” jūjutsu ryū founded by Japanese-American Henry Okazaki
Dan zuki 段突き Consecutive punching with same hand
Dāo Single edged sword (Chinese); also tao
Dào pài 道派 “Style of the Way,” school of Southern kung fu ; also Do Pi
Daruma 達磨 Legendary Indian monk who brought Zen and foundations of kung fu to Shaolin temple ; tumbler doll that symbolizes nana korobi ya oki, perseverance
Dashite 出し手 “Presenting the fists”; punching
Datotsu 打突 Strike
Datotsu dōsa 打突動作 Striking motion
Datotsu hōkō 打突方向 Direction of strike
Datotsu no ishi 打突の意志 Intention to strike
Datotsu no kikai 打突の機会 Opportunity to strike
Datotsu no kōki 打突の好機 Best moment to strike
Dattō 出刀 Remove sword from obi, cf. osame to
De Advanced or forward; advancing
Deai 出合い Encounter; sensing attack and launching preemptive one; utilizing opening created by intention to attack
Deai osae 出会い押え Suppressive and smothering attack
Deai osae uke 出会い押え受け Stepping in pressing block
De ashi 出足 Forward moving leg; constant forward movement; start
De ashi barai 出足払い Advanced foot sweep
Deashi o harau 出足を払う   Countering punch in orthodox stance with foot sweep in southpaw stance
Debana 出ばな Moment when the opponent moves forward
Debana waza 出ばな技 Striking just as the opponent is about to strike or attack
Degashira 出頭 Moment when the opponent moves forward
Degashira waza 出頭技 Striking just as the opponent is about to strike or attack
De geiko 出稽古 Outside training; in sumō, training in a stable other than one’s own; advanced training
Deguchi Onisaburō 出口 王仁三郎 (1871 -1948) Leader of the Ōmoto religious movement in Japan and spirtual mentor to Ueshiba Morehei
Deguchi waza 出口技 Closing movements, as in kata
Dehana waza 出端な技 To strike at beginning of opponent’s movement; attack using initial move of opponent
Deko でこ or Forehead
Demura Fumio 出村文男 (1938 - ) Japanese Shitō ryū karateka
Den Transmission (of knowledge)
Denbu 臀部 Buttocks; haunches
Denkō 電光 Lightning; kyūsho between seventh and eighth ribs
Densetsutekina eiyū 伝説的な英雄 Legendary hero
Denshō 伝書 Technique scroll; recorded teachings
Dento     Kyūsho, bregma of the skull
Dentō 伝統 Tradition
Dentō bunka 伝統文化 Traditional culture in all its aspects, including performing arts, geidō and budō
Dentō o uyamau 伝統を敬う Respect a tradition
Dentōteki 伝統的 Traditional; conventional
Deru kui wa utareru 出る杭は打たれる “The nail that sticks up will be hammered down” (proverb)
Deshi 弟子 Student, apprentice or disciple of a ; a student of a school is a seito or gakusei
Dewa keiko o hajimaru でわ稽古を始まる “Begin training”
Dhe chiang เตะเฉียง Diagonal kick
Dhe dhrong เตะตรง Straight kick
Dhe glab lang เตะกลับหล Spinning heel kick
Dhe kod เตะกด Down roundhouse kick
Dhe krueng khaeng, krueng kow เตะครึ่งแข้งครึ Half-shin, half-knee kick
Dhe paa maak เตะผ่าหมาก Nutcracker kick
Dhyāna ध्यान  Hindu forerunner of Zen
Diǎn mài 點脈 Chinese art of attacking vital points, “press artery”
Dim mak 點脈   Chinese art of attacking vital points, “press artery”
Dǐngliángzhù 頂樑柱 Backbone (including metaphorically), pillar, supporting beam of a house
De tǎng quán 地躺拳 Ground-Prone Fist, Ground Tumbling Boxing, style of kung fu
Do Earth, soil; Earth as one of the Five Elements is chi or tsuchi
The way; road
Trunk, waist, chest, body; plastron in kendō armor
Movement, activity
Doce pares   “Twelve Pairs,” Filipino martial art focusing on the short stick
Dōchū no sei 動中の静 Stillness in motion; calm in the midst (chū) of action, the ideal state for combat
Dōchū kōgai 道中笄 Small wooden stick up to 15 cm long containing a knife or spike
Dōchūzashi 道中差 Japanese short sword; dōchū means “while on the street” or “while on a journey,” so dōchūzashi is a short sword inserted into sash while travelling
Do gamae 土構え Earth posture
Dogeza 土下座 Prostration by kneeling and touching one’s head to the floor
Dōgi 道着 or 道衣 Uniform of the way
Dōgu 道具 The armor used in kendō and naginata-dō
Dōgyō 同行 Fellow pilgrim or fellow practioner of austerities
Dōhai 同輩 Equal; peer; someone equal in rank; contemporary
Dohyō 土俵 Ring for a sumō match
Dohyō iri 土俵入り Ring entering ceremony in sumō
Dō itashimashite どういたしまして You’re welcome
Dojang 도장 Training hall for Korean martial arts
Dōji 同時 Simultaneous
Dō jime 胴絞 Body strangle or leg scissors; prohibited in jūdō but legal in Brazilian jiu-jitsu
Dōji waza 同時技 Simultaneous techniques
Dōjō 道場 Place of the way
Dōjō 同情 Sympathy, compassion
Dōjō arashi 道場嵐 “Dōjō storming”: visiting dōjō to make challenges to fight
Dōjō chō 道場長 Director of a dōjō
Dōjō kun 道場訓 Rules of the dōjō
Dōjō yaburi 道場破リ Storming another dōjō; “dōjō busting”
Dōka 道歌 Poetry of the way
Dōkan 道環 “The ring of the way”; repetition, constant practice
Dōkan 道観 Taoist temple
Dokko     Atemi point in the hollow below the ears and behind the jaw; the mastoid process
Dokko 独鈷 Small hand weapon derived from the Indian vajra primarily used against weak points
Dokkō 独行 Going it alone, self reliance
Dokkōdō 独行道 “The Path of Aloneness,” short work written by Miyamoto Musashi a week before he died
Dokkogata shuriken 独鈷形手裏剣 Small hand weapon resembling a dokko, but thinner
Dokko shuriken 独鈷手裏剣 Small hand weapon resembling a dokko, but thinner
Dokkotsu 独骨 “Single bone,” kyūsho, Adam’s apple
Dokujin 毒刃 Assassin’s dagger; also kyōjin
Dokukōdō 独行道 “The Path of Aloneness,” short work written by Miyamoto Musashi a week before he died
Doku o motte doku o seisu 毒をもって毒を制す “Control poison with poison,” fight fire with fire, violence must be answered with violence, proverb
Dokusan 獨參 Private meeting between a Zen master and disciple
Dokusen   Kyūsho, side of neck
Dokushu 毒手 Dirty or underhanded trick
Dokushū 独習 or 独修 Self-study, self-teaching, self-education
Dokusō geiko 独走稽古 Practice by oneself
Dokutoku no ashi sabaki kara
no migi jōdan mawashi geri
独特の足捌きから
の右上段回し蹴り
Footwork evasion to set up right high roundhouse kick
Dō kyaku 動脚 Moving leg
Dokyō 度胸 Courage, bravery, pluck, nerve, grit, guts
Dokyō damashii ude damashii 度胸魂 腕魂
“To test one’s courage and skill,” challenge matches between Okinawan karateka
Dōkyō 道教 Japanese Taoism, “teachings of the way”
Dokyu     Japanese repeating crossbow
Dō mawashi kaiten geri 胴廻し回転蹴り Rolling kick
Dō mawashi kaiten geri ni tsunageru tame no senjutsu 胴廻し回転蹴りにつなげるための戦術
Tactics to set up rolling kick
Dōmo どうも Informal phrase for “thank you”; many, much
Dōmo arigatō どうも 有り難う Thank you
Dōmo arigatō gozaimashita どうも 有り難う ございました Very polite form of thanks, “Thank you very much”
Dōmo arigatō gozaimasu どうも 有り難う ございます Polite form of thanks, “Thank you very much”
Dō mu gen 道無限 There is no end to learning the Way; the Way is infinite
Dōmyaku 動脈 Artery
Donga     Traditional stick fighting martial art practiced by the Nguni tribe in South Africa; also Nguni stick fighting
Donguri no seikurabe 団栗の背比べ “Comparing two acorns,” having no outstanding characteristics, seeming all the same, proverb
Donto hō 呑吐息 Breathing technique
Dontō 鈍刀 Dull or blunt sword
Do Pi 道派   “Style of the Way,” school of Southern kung fu
Dorobō mo jūnen 泥棒も十年 “Even a thief takes ten years,” patience and practice are necessary for skill (proverb)
Doryoku 努力 Effort
Dōsa 動作 Exercise; exercise; movements
Dōsatsu ryoku 洞察力 Insight, discernment, penetration
Dōsei ichinyo 動静一如 The combination of dōchū no sei and sei chū dō: stillness of mind in a moving body and readiness of mind in a still body
Dōshi 同志 Comrade, kindred spirit; people with same principle or aim
Dōshin 同心 Tokugawa period law enforcement official
Dōshu 道守 Keeper of the way
Dōshū 道主 Leader or master of the way; head of the Aikikai
Dōtai Body, trunk, torso
Dōtoku 道徳 Morality
Dō uchi 胴打ち Cut to the body, strike the trunk
Dōzo どうぞ Kindly; please; please go ahead
Duǎn quán 短拳 Short range boxing, style of kung fu
Dū mài 督脈 Governing vessel, one of the meridians in acupuncture/acupressure