E
 
Ebi gaeshi 蝦返し Shrimping,” a countermeasure in groundfighting (Brazilian jiu-jitsu and jūdō)
Ebi geri 海老蹴り Back kick with both hands on the floor or ground
Ebi jime 蝦絞め Shrimp choke
Ebira Quiver; sheaf
Ebi zeme 海老責め or 蝦責め Japanese bondage torture
Eboshi nari kabuto 烏帽子形兜 Helmet shaped like an imperial court hat
Echigo ryū     Koryū tessenjutsu (art of the war fan)
Eda dōjō 枝道場 Branch or satellite dōjō, as contrasted to hombu (headquarters)
Eda o tamen to shite ne o korosu 枝を多面として根を 殺す “As you try to straighten the branches, you destroy the roots,” you may fail to fix a problem if you pay too much attention to minor details
Edo 江戸 Ancient name for Tōkyō
Edo jidai 江戸時代 Edo period, the time of the Tokugawa shogunate, 1600-1867
Edo no kataki o Nagasaki de utsu 江戸の敵を長崎で 撃つ “To strike an enemy from Edo in Nagasaki,” take revenge by indirect method
Egami Shigeru 江上 茂 (1912 - 1981) Japanese karateka, direct student of Funakoshi Gichin and founder of Shōtōkai
Egetsuanai えげつない Dirty; vulgar; nasty (slang)
Eguru 抉る To gouge
Eibu 英武 Distinguished or surpassing valor;
Eido zuki     Simultaneous roundhouse strikes
Eiki 英気 Great wisdom, excellent disposition; strength to face something, will power, energy
Eiki 鋭気 Courage, ardour, high spirits
Eiki kujiki 鋭気挫き To break the opponent’s spirit
Eiko 栄枯 Vicissitudes, ups and downs
Eiko seisui 栄枯盛衰 Vicissitudes of life
Eiku エイク Oar or paddle, kobudō weapon
Eimei 英名 Fame, glory, reputation
Eimeiroku 英名録 Official recording of students in a school lineage
Eisai Myōan 栄西明菴 (1141-1215) Rinzai Buddhist monk reputed to have introduced Zen to Japan
Eisai Zenji 栄西禅師 (1141-1215) “Zen master Eisai,” Rinzai Buddhist monk reputed to have introduced Zen to Japan
Eishin ryū 英信流 Battōjutsu ryū founded c 1590 by Hayashizaki Jinsuke Minamoto no Shigenobu
Eishōji 英勝寺 Buddhist temple that was the location of the first training hall run by Kanō Jigorō, opened in 1882 when he was 22
Eitsu えいつ   Classical kiai, that is, pronounciation of specific kiai, which is a word in archaic Japanese meaning “Aye!” or “Yes!”
Eiyū 英雄 Hero, great man
Eiyū gōketsu 英雄豪傑 Hero, warrior of matchless valor, heroic character
Eiyū iro o konomu 英雄色を好む “Great men have great fondness for sensual pleasures” (proverb)
Eiyū kōshoku 英雄好色 “All great men like women” (proverb)
Eiyū no matsuro wa toki ni awaremubeshi 英雄の末路は時に 哀れむべし “The last days of a hero are often to be pitied” (proverb)
Eiyū o shiro monon wa eiyū nari 英雄を知る者は 英雄なり “S/he who understands a hero is her/himself a hero” (proverb)
Eiyūshugi 英雄主義 Heroism
Eiyūteki 英雄的 Heroic
Eki War, campaign, battle
Ekika 腋窩 Armpit
Ekikyō 易経 The Book of Changes, classic Chinese text; in Chinese, I Ching
Ekkin 易筋 “Transformation of muscular strength through physical training,” (”Speaking about karate,” Funakoshi)
Ekkin gyō 易筋行 Body training, complemented by chinkon gyō
Eku 櫂 or エーク Oar or paddle, kobudō weapon
Ekudi   Oar or paddle, kobudō weapon
Embu 演武 “Acting martially,” martial arts demonstration
Embugi 演武着 or 演武衣 Special uniform for demonstrations
Embujō 演武場 Place where martial arts demonstrations are held; training floor in a dōjō
Embusen 演武線 Line of movement followed by a kata
Éméi quán 峨嵋拳 “Fist of Emei Mountain,” kung fu style
Emmei ryū 円明流 Kenjutsu ryū, said to be the school of Miyamoto Musashi
E mokuroku 絵目録 Illustrated scroll
Emono 得物 Specialized weapon or skill
Empi 猿臂 Elbow or elbow strike
Empi 燕飛 “Flying swallow,” karate kata
Empi ate 猿臂当て Elbow strike
Empi chūdan mae uchi 猿臂中段前打ち Middle level front elbow strike
Empi mae ate 猿臂前当て Forward elbow strike
Empi mawashi ate 猿臂回し当て Roundhouse elbow strike
Empi oroshi uchi 猿腎降ろし打ち
Dropping elbow strike
Empi oroshi uchi kara shita zuki no konbinēshon 猿腎降ろし打ちから下突きのコンビネーション
Dropping elbow strike and body shot combination
Empi shita ate 猿臂下当て Downward elbow strike
Empi soto ate 猿臂外当て Sideways elbow strike
Empi soto uke 猿臂外受け Outward elbow block
Empi suri uke 猿臂摺り受け Elbow sliding block, a combination block and punch
Empi uchi 猿臂打ち Elbow strike
Empi uchi uke 猿臂内受け Inward elbow block
Empi uke 猿臂受 Elbow block
Empi ushiro ate 猿臂後ろ当て Backwards elbow strike
Empi waza 猿臂技 Elbow technique
En Circle
En Relationship, such as between self and opponent; fate, destiny
Enbangata shuriken 円盤形手裏剣 Disc-shaped shuriken with edged circumference
Enbigata shuriken 燕尾形手裏剣 Swallowtail shuriken
Enbōshinryo 遠謀深慮 Deep design and forethought; farsighted and deeply-laid plan
Enbu 演武 Martial arts demonstration
Enbugi 演武着 or 演武衣 Special uniform for demonstrations
Enbukai 演武会 A gathering of martial artists for a demonstration
Enbukan 演武館 A building used for enbukai
Enbukan     Japanese martial arts organization based on Machida family koryū
Enbu no sabaki 演武の捌き Lines or directions of movement in classical kata, especially those of karatedō
Enbusen 演武線 Line of movement followed by a kata
Enekiho 演繹法 Deductive method, as in kaisai
Enga 偃臥 Prone or face-down
Enga osae 偃臥押え Pressing or driving opponent’s face into ground, counter to double-leg takedown
En geiko 円稽古 “Circle practice,” someone in middle of circle of opponents defends against simultaneous or successive attacks
Engetsu 円月 “Full moon,” large circular move with a weapon
Engetsu gaeshi 円月返し “Full moon turn,” arcing turning step
Engetsu uke 円月受け Circular foot block
Enkaku ryū     Koryū fundōgusarijutsu
Enkei 円形 Circular movement
Enkei gyaku zuki 円形逆突き Circular reverse punch; aka mawashi gyaku zuki
Enkei koken shita uchi 円形弧拳下打ち Circular arc fist downward punch
Enkeisen 円形線 Circular trajectory, as of a katana
Enkei shōtei shita uke 円形掌底下受 け Circular palm heel downward block
Enko 円弧 Arc
Enkyoku 婉曲 The winding way; indirect or roundabout path; circumlocution; euphemism
Enkyori no maai 遠距離の間合い Long distance between opponents
Enkyori kara jikuashi o subera sete keru mahha geri 遠距離から軸足を滑らせて蹴るマッハ蹴り Mach kick by sliding in from a distance
Enoeda Keinosuke 榎枝 慶之輔 (1935-2003) Shōtōkan karateka, nickname “the Tiger of Shōtōkan”
En no irimi 円の入身 Circular entry
Enoji dachi えの字立ち Stance with back foot on the ball
En no kata 円の形 Form or sequence of movements performed in a circular fashion
En no sabaki 円の捌き Circular turning movement pivoting on one foot
En no shita no chikara mochi 縁の下の力持ち “The powerful person under the floor,” someone who works hard for others without being recognized, unsung hero, person who does a thankless task
En no shita no take no ko 縁の下の竹の子 “Bamboo shoot under the veranda,” a mediocre person who cannot become famous despite much effort (idiom)
Enpi 猿臂 Elbow
Enpi 燕飛 “Flying swallow,” kata
Enpi ate 猿臂当て Elbow strike
Enpi mae ate 猿臂前当て Forward elbow strike
Enpi mawashi ate 猿臂回わし当て Roundhouse elbow strike
Enpi shita ate 猿臂下当て Downward elbow strike
Enpi soto ate 猿臂外当て Sideways elbow strike
Enpi soto uke 猿臂外受け Outward elbow block
Enpi uchi 猿臂打ち Elbow strike
Enpi uchi uke 猿臂内受け Inward elbow block
Enpi uke 猿臂受 Elbow block
Enpi ushiro ate 猿臂後ろ当て Backwards elbow strike
Enpi waza 猿臂技 Elbow technique
Enryakuji 延暦寺 Tendai monastery on Mount Hiei, overlooking Kyōto, famous for its warrior monks
Enryo 遠虜 Exercise of restraint or deference; hesitation; to remain stoically reserved; having embraced death one no longer fears it; holding back
Enryobukai 遠慮深い Reserved
Enryoeshaku 遠慮会釈 Reserve and consideration (towards others)
Enryo hidarui shi date samushi 遠慮ひだるい 伊達寒し “Being reserved makes one hungry; being a showoff makes one cold”: discipline and abstemiousness is not comfortable
Enryonaku 遠慮なく Without reservation
Ensei gamae   Squat
Enshin 円心 Center of a circle
Enshin gamae 円心構え Center of the circle posture
Enshin kaikan 円心会館 Style of full contact karate founded in 1988 by Ninomiya Jōkō
Enshin no kamae 円心の構え Center of the circle posture
Enshin ryoku 遠心力 Centrifugal or whipping force generated by a technique
Enshin ryū 円心流 Koryū iaijutsu
Enshinteki 遠心的 Centrifugal
Enshō 円踵 “Round heel,” heel
Enshū 演習 Drill or exercise
Ensō 円相 Painted ink circle of Zen; when referring to the nine views of Zen, this is called the final view
Enten 円転 Smooth circular motion
Enten jizai 円転自在 Ability to move and turn freely
Enundō 円運動 Circular motion
Enzan no metsuke 遠山の目付け “Gazing at the far mountain,” looking at/past your opponent to take in everything
Eri Collar or lapel
Eri ashi 襟足 Nape of neck
Eri dori 襟取り Lapel or collar grasp
Eri dori, metsubushi, kinteki geri,
  otoshi empi uchi, waki gatame
襟取り、潰し、金的蹴り、
落とし猿臂打ち、脇固め、落とし猿臂打ち
Lapel grasp, eye strike, groin kick, dropping elbow strike, arm bar, dropping elbow strike
Eri dori waza 襟取り技 Defence against an opponent who grabs the collar or lapel
Eri jime 襟絞め Strangulation using the lapel
Eri katsu 襟活 Resuscitation involving manipulations near the lapel
Eri kubi 襟首 Side of neck; nape of neck
Eri o tadasu 襟を正す To straighten oneself, to straighten one’s clothes and posture; to adopt a more serious attitude
Eri o tateru 襟を建てる “To make the collar stand up,” neatly crossing the left eri over the right to close the uwagi
Eri seoi nage 襟背负投 Lapel throw
Eri zukami 襟掴み Lapel or collar grasp
Escorpião   Scorpion kick
Escorpião cabeça no chão   Scorpion head on the floor
Ese bushi no katana ijiri 似非武士の刀いじり “A fake samurai playing with his sword,” empty threat
Ese gakusha 似非学者 Fake scholar
Eshaku 会釈 Bow or nod
Esho funi 依正不二 Non-duality of life and environment
Ete no ho o age 得手の帆を揚げ “To hoist the sail of one’s forte,” give scope to one’s skill
Etsunen geiko 越年稽古 Traditional training to celebrate the New Year