I      
I Stomach
I Mind, intention, will, meaning
I Dignity; authority
Iai 居合 Drawing of weapon or bringing it to bear
Iaidō 居合道 “The way of mental presence and immediate reaction”; way of drawing and cutting with sword
Iaidō o kiwameru 居合道を極める Get to the perfection of iaidō
Iaigi 居合着 Jacket worn in iaidō
Iai goshi 居合腰 “Relationship hip,” posture with one knee on the ground and the other foot flat
Iai goshi dachi 居合腰立 “Relationship hip stance,” with one knee on the ground and the other foot flat
Iai hiza 居合膝 Sitting posture, kneeling on one calf, allowing quick draw of sword while sitting
Iai jutsu 居合術 The art of drawing and cutting with the sword
Iainuki 居合い抜き While on one knee, drawing a sword and cutting one’s opponent
Iaitō 居合刀 Blunted practice sword for iaidō
Ibairinpa     Old Okinawan name for Suparinpei
Ibaku 帷幕 Curtains screening commander’s area on the samurai battlefield
Ibariya 威張りや Braggart, arrogant person (slang)
Ibuche     Okinawan term for ibuki
Ibuki 息吹 Breathing method featuring long exhalation, followed by short cough to clear lungs; in Okinawan, ibuche; see a-un no kokyū
Icchi 一致 Coincidence, agreement, union, match; conformity, consistency; cooperation
Icchi hankai 一知半解 Superficial knowledge; half-knowledge
Icchokusen 一直線 Straight line
Ichi One
Ichi 位置 Location; position
Ichiban 一番 First; best
Ichi byōshi 一拍子 “In one breath,” “At the same instance” (Miyamoto Musashi); strike in one breath, without hesitation
Ichichi 五 or 伍   Okinawan for “five”
Ichidai 一代 A generation; lifetime; age
Ichidai sōden 一代相伝 Method of transmitting teachings of ryū to head instructor only for the life of that instructor
Ichidanraku 一段落 Complete the first stage (slang)
Ichiden ryū 一伝流 Koryū kenjutsu and taijutsu
Ichido 一度 Once
Ichi enso 一円相 Zen ink circle, also ensō; Honmon Enshin Ryū practice of coming to terms with one’s death
Ichi gan ni soku san tan shi riki 一眼二足三胆四力 1: eyes, 2: feet, 3: guts (bravery & determination), 4: power and technique
Ichigei ni hii deru 一芸に秀でる To excel in one thing; to be a master in an art
Ichi-go ichi-e 一期一会 One encounter, one opportunity
Ichiji ga banji 一事が万事 “From one thing, ten thousand things,” one thing suggests the rest (idiom)
Ichiji gamae 一字構え Character one posture
Ichi kara 一から “From the beginning” (slang)
Ichikawa ha Gōjū ryū 市川派剛柔流 Okinawan Gōjū ryū style.
Ichikawa Mondaiyu     Founder, Mondaiyu ryū
Ichikawa Sōsui 市川素水 (1924-2005) Japanese karateka
Ichi ki tō sen no musha 一騎当千の武者 A match for a thousand, a matchless warrior
Ichikyo 一教 First teaching; also ikkyo
Ichimai 一枚 “One sheet of paper”; space between controlled technique and opponent; cf sun dome
Ichinen 一念 Determined purpose
Ichinen hokki 一念発起 Being resolved to (do something); having a wholehearted intention
Ichi nichi isshō 一日一生 “Each day is a lifetime”
Ichimonji 一文字 In the shape of the character for "one,” in a straight line
Ichimonji gamae 一文字構え Straight line posture, as in Chi kata (Kojo ryū)
Ichimonji suburi 一文字素振り The practice of cutting (generally in air); to make one precise and all-ending cut
I Ching 易经 The Book of Changes, classic Chinese text; also Yìjīng , in Japanese, Ekikyō
Ichi no hyōshi no heihō 一の拍子の兵法 “Combative strategy of the rhythm of one,” completing movement and technique in one exhalation; to condition mind and body to seize opportunity and act without conscious thought
Ichi rei 一礼 “One bow,” tenth omote level jōjutsu kata of Shindō Musō ryū
Ichi rei no kamae 一礼の構え Formal kobujutsu bowing posture
Ichi riki 一力 “One strength,” a chūdan level jōjutsu kata of Shindō Musō ryū
Ichiryō gusoku 一領具足 Farmer samurai who served Chōsokabe clan of Tosa Province
Ichitaita 一対多 “One against many,” multiple attackers against one defender
Idō 移動 Movement
Idō dōsa 移動作 Transitional movements
Idō geiko 移動稽古 Moving practice or moving basics
Idō kihon 移基本 Moving basics
Idori waza 居取技 Kneeling or seated techniques
Iegara 家柄 Family background, family standing, filial lineage
Iemoto 家元 “Family foundation,” head of a school
Iga ryū 伊賀流 Ninjutsu school
Igen 威厳 Dignity
Iha Kotatsu or Ihaguwaa     (1873-1944) Okinawan karateka
Iha Koshin 伊波庫進 Okinawan karateka (Gōjū ryū), jūdan
I hyōshi no uchi 一拍子の打ち “To hit with a single rhythm,” flowing continuously from drawing to striking with weapon
Iida Norihiko 飯田 紀彦 (1943- ) Japanese karateka
Ii toku tori いいとく取り “Taking the good part,” learn and adapt from others without losing one’s inner core
Iitoshishite いい年して (In spite of) being old enough to know better
Iiyō kikiyō 言い様聞き様 “How you speak; how you hear,” pay attention to words and demeanor
Iizuka Kunisaburo 飯塚国三郎 (1875 - 1958) Jūdō jūdan
Iji 意地 Disposition, spirit, willpower, obstinacy, backbone, appetite
Ijiki イジキ Okinawan word for being full of strength (ki), complement of soyora
Iikubo Tsunetoshi 飯久保恆學 (1835-1889) Japanese jūjutsuka (Kitō-ryū), sensei to Kanō Jigorō
Iizasa Chōisai Ienao 飯篠 長威斉 家直 (c 1387-1488) Japanese spearman and swordsman, founder of Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū
Ijime 苛め Bullying
Ijimekko 苛めっ娘 Bully
Ijimerarekko 苛められっ子 Bullied child
Ijōshi 検索死 An unnatural or violent death
Ikadazumō 筏相撲 Style of samurai fighting on boats
Ikkaku ryū 一角流 Koryū jutte jutsu
Ika ni shinu ka 如何に死ぬか How to die well
Ikebana 生け花 Japanese flower arrangement
Ikedori 生け捕り “To view alive” or “to capture alive”; ikedori is much older than its modern equivalent, shakkei; a facet of Japanese architecture often present in dōjō
Iki Aesthetic ideal, “spirit” or “life”
Iki Breath in physical aspects, cf more esoteric kokyū
Iki 意気 Spirit, heart, disposition
Ikiai 息合い Harmony or rhythm of breathing
Ikikata 生き方 Way of life, how to live
Iki komi     Pulling opponent to ground without throwing; sometimes, sutemi waza, sacrifice technique
Ikimi wa shinimi 息みは死に身 “A living body is a dying body,” to live is to die
Ikinari 行き成り Suddenly, without warning, without telegraphing
Iki no chōsei 息の調製 Control of breathing, one of three fundamental principles of kata of Ōyama Masutatsu
Ikioi 勢い Force, vigor, vigour, energy, spirit, life, authority, influence, power, tendency
Iki o dasu 息を出す To exhale
Iki o korosu 息を殺す To hold one’s breath
Iki o suru 息をする To breathe
Iki o sū 息を吸う To inhale
Iki o tsuku 息をつく To take breath
Iki o tsumeru 息を詰める To hold one’s breath
Ikite 息手 “Living hand,” a relaxed hand, open or with no tension, but ready; cf shini te
Ikiuchi 息打ち “Striking in a single breath,” striking in the time it takes to inhale or exhale
Ikizumari 行き詰まり Deadlock or standoff; also yukizumari
Ikkajo 一ケ条 “First teaching,” unbalancing and pinning technique
Ikken kissatsu 一拳必殺  One punch death blow, to kill with one attack; to kill one’s ego; also ikken hissatsu
Ikken no kon 一拳の魂 Loosely, “train one fist to penetrate the spirit” (Higaonna Kanryō)
Ikkini 一気に In one breath; instantly
Ikki tōsen 一騎当千 “One man who is worth a thousand”
Ikkiri jūgiri 一切り十切り “One cut; ten cuts,” obligation to repay injury or kindness tenfold
Ikkōgeki shimasu ni ikkazoe 一攻撃しますに一かぞえ “One count, one movement,” counting out movements of a kata
Ikko hanko 一箇半箇 “One man or half a man,” Zen term for a true successor
Ikkō-ikki 一向一揆 “Single-minded leagues,” mobs of peasant farmers, monks, priests and local nobles in revolt
Ikkyo 一教 “First teaching,” unbalancing and pinning technique
Ikkyo 一挙 One effort, one action
Ikkyodō 一挙動 “Motion generated by one impulse,” method of connecting the positions in a kata; strike made in one motion
Ikkyū 一級 Highest of mudansha grades
Ikkyū Sōjun 一休宗純 (1394-1481) Iconoclastic Zen priest and poet
IKO 1, 2, 3, 4 ...     Kyokushinkai organizations that splintered after the death of Ōyama Masutatsu
Iko kokoro     Spiritual consciousness
Ikomi     Taking opponent to the mat for groundwork
Ikuji 意気地 Self-respect, self-confidence, guts, backbone
Ikuji nashi 意気地無し Coward, sissy, wimp, timid creature
Ikuji no nai 意気地のない Spineless, without backbone, timid, cowardly, weak-kneed
Iku o hikitoru 息を引き取る Draw one’s last breath
Ikutachi 生大刀 Sword brimming over with life force
I Liq Chu’an 意力拳 “Mind body art,” style of kung fu
Ilmu     Indonesian equivalent to ki
In Yin
In Throat
Inagashi 射流し “Flight shooting,” or sustained archery fire
Inaka te 田舎手 “Peasant hand,” pejorative term used by Shuri te karateka to describe Tomari te
Inamine Seijin (Morihito)   (1937- ) Okinawan karateka
Inashi uke 往なし受け Parrying block
Inasu 往なす To parry, sidestep or evade; to chase away
Ina tobi いな飛び “Jump like a mullet,” jumping high out of water
Inazuma 稲妻 Lightning flash; side of stomach; stomach wall
Inbun inbu 允文允武 Being versed in the literary and military arts
Ingen Ryūki 隱元隆琦 (1592-1673) Chinese Zen master who founded the Ōbaku shū; also Yǐnyuán Lóngqí
Inibuki 陰息吹 Internal, quiet, soft breathing, as opposed to yo ibuki
Inka 印可 Confirmation that a Zen student has complete his/her training
Inkajō 印可状 Authority to pass on tradition; rank of the seal
Inkan 印鑑 Japanese name seal or stamp
Inka shōmei 印可証明 Confirmation that a Zen student has complete his/her training
Inkei 陰茎 Penis
Innen 因縁 Fate, destiny, karma, fatality
Innō 陰嚢 Scrotum, testicles
Innō katsu 陰嚢活 “Scrotum method” of kappō
Inō 異能 Unusual power; superpower; ability beyond that of humans
Inochi no izumi 命の泉 “Spring of life,” nerve center and vital point on the sole of the left foot; stabbing through this point would purportedly cause instant death
In o musubu 印を結ぶ To make symbolic gestures with the fingers
I no naka no kawazu taikai o shirazu 井の中の蛙大海を 知らず “A frog in a well does not know the great sea”: people are satisfied to judge things by their own narrow experience, never knowing of the wide world outside
Inoru yori kasege 祈るより稼げ “Toil rather than pray” (proverb)
Inoshishi musha 猪武者 Daredevil; foolhardy warrior; hotspur
Inoue Heitaro     Japanese jūjutsuka (Tenjin Shinyo ryū)
Inoue Motokatsu     (1918-1993) Japanese expert in kobujutsu
Inoue Noriaki 井上鑑昭 (1902-1994) Japanese aikidōka and founder of Shinwa Taidō
Inrō 印籠 Accessory to kimono, a little carrying box for medication and seals
Inu Dog
Inu gamae 犬構え Dog posture
Inugami Gunbei 犬上軍兵 Japanese jūjutsuka
Inu no kamae 犬の構え Dog posture
Inu ō mono 犬追物 “Dog hunt”: samurai archery sport of shooting dogs
Inu to neko no naka 犬と猫の仲 Get along like cats and dogs, be on bad terms (slang)
Inu to saru 犬と猿 “Dog and monkey,” be on bad terms (slang)
Inu to saru no naka 犬と猿の仲 “Dog and monkey relationship,” be on bad terms (slang);
Inyō 陰陽 Yin and yang
Inyō gogyō 陰陽五行 Combination of theory of yin and yang with theory of the five elements
Inyō gogyō setsu 陰陽五行说 Combination of theory of yin and yang with theory of the five elements
Inyōgusari 陰陽鎖 “Yin & yang chain,” classical Japanese weapon, double weighted chain
Inyōshintai 陰陽進退 “Yin & yang; advance & retreat,” iaidō kata
Inzō 印相 Mudra, hand sign
Ippan geiko 一般稽古 Regular practice in the dōjō; repeating what the sensei models
Ippiki no ookami 一匹の狼 Lone wolf (slang)
Ippiki ookami 一匹狼 Lone wolf (slang)
Ippon 一本 One full point in jūdō or sport karate competition; one long cylindrical thing
Ippon ashi dachi 一本足立ち Half-kneeling stance;
Ippon ashi dachi 一本足立ち One-legged stance
Ippon ashi dachi chūdan uchi otoshi 一本足立ち中段内落とし Mid-level inside dropping block in one-legged stance
Ippon dachi 一本立ち One-legged stance
Ippon gumite 一本组手 One step prearranged sparring
Ippon gumite (Seibukan) 聖 武館一本組み手 Seibukan prearranged sparring
Ippon ken 一本拳 One knuckle fist
Ippon ken furi otoshi uchi 一本拳振り落とし打ち One knuckle fist swinging dropping strike
Ippon ken gedan barai 一本拳下段払い One knucke fist lower level sweep
Ippon ken gyaku furi otoshi 一本拳逆振り落とし One knuckle fist reversed circular drop
Ippon ken zuki 一本拳突き One knuckle fist punch
Ippon nukite 一本貫手 One finger spear hand
Ippon nukite chūdan otoshi zuki 一本貫手中段落とし突き Middle level one finger dropping punch
Ippon seoi 一本背負い One arm shoulder throw
Ippon seoi nage 一本背負投 or 一本背負い投げ One arm shoulder throw
Ippon shōbu 一本勝負 Sport kumite in which one full point wins the match
Ippon uchi 一本打ち Making the first strike with all of one’s strength; striking with ki ken tai ichi
Ire Matsutaro     Okinawan expert in kobudō
Ire zuki ni nayasu 入れ突きに萎す Step back and absorb thrust or punch
Iri 入り Enter
Iriguchi waza 入り口技 Opening movements, as in kata
Iri kumi 入り組 or 入り组 or 入り込 Entering attack or inside fighting; to enter to attack vital points; continuous sparring
Irimi 入り身 Entering straight into a technique; into the body; inwards; a type of tai sabaki
Irimi ate 入り身当て Vertical elbow strike
Irimi awase zuki 入り身合せ突き Combination punch while pushing body forward
Irimi bō osae uke 入り身棒押え受け Lunging press block against a stick
Irimi nage 入り身投げ Entering throw
Irimi senkai 入り身旋回 Entering and turning, type of tai sabaki
Irimi tenkan 入り身転換 Step through and turn, type of tai sabaki
Iro Sign or movement that show person’s mental condition; color; appearance; love; lust; type
ro obi 色帯 Colored belt
Isagiyoi 潔い With grace, having integrity—doing something with your whole heart, regardless of its reception; clean, clear, pure, sportsmanlike, manly
Isagiyoku make o mitomeru 潔lく負けを認める Admit defeat agreeably, be a good loser
Isamashii 勇まし Courageous
Isamihada 勇み肌 Gallantry
Isha no fuyōjō 医者の不養生 Not practicing what one preaches
Ishi 意思 Intention, purpose
Ishi Stone
Ishi de tamago o tsubusu yō 石で卵をつぶすよう “Like smashing an egg with a rock,” something easy (idiom)
Ishi geta 石下駄 Stone sandals; forerunners to tetsu geta
Ishihara Shochoku     (1898-?) Kendōka (hachidan), Naha middle school teacher and Chair of Okinawan 1940 Karate-dō Special Committee
Ishi jizō ni hachi 石地蔵に蜂 Person insensible to pain, physical or emotional
Ishii Kazuyoshi 石井和義 (1953 - ) Japanese karateka, founder of Seidōkaikan
Ishiki 意識 Thinking consciousness, awareness, consciousness
Ishimine   Okinwawan karateka, student of Matsumura Sokon; also Ishimine Peichin
Ishimine ryū   Okinawan karate ryū founded by Kaneshima Shinye
Ishin denshin 以心伝心 Tacit understanding
Ishi no ue ni san nen 石の上に三年 “Three years on a rock”: it takes a long time sitting on a stone before it becomes warm; expect to work at something for three years before you see results
Ishi o katameru 意志を固める Harden one’s resolve
Ishi sashi 石錠 “Stone padlock,” Okinawan karate strength training device
Ishitsu kanri 居室管理 Keeping orderly quarters
Ishi yumi 石弓 or 弩 “Stone bow”: crossbow; sometimes a bow that shot small stones
Ishi zuki 石突 Metal cap mounted on the butt end of a naginata or yari
Ishu uchi 意趣打ち “Striking of one’s own accord,” killing by one’s own decision
Isogai Hajime 磯貝一 (1871-1947) Japanese jūdōka, jūdan
Isogai Jirozaemon or Isogai Jiroemon     One of 3 ronin who learned chin na from Chin Gempin in early 17 c and then founded or influenced Kitō-ryū jūjutsu, a primary antecedent of jūdō
Isogai ryū   Jūjutsu ryū
Iso Masatomo     (1818-1881) Japanese jūjutsuka (Tenshin Shinyō ryū), son of Iso Mataemon, instructor to Kanō Jigorō
Iso Mataemon     (1789-1862) Japanese jūjutsuka, founder of Tenshin Shinyō ryū
Iso no nami 磯の波 “Waves upon breakers,” secret principle of Hōki ryū
Isshaku bō 一尺棒 One-foot stick
Isshi injō   To receive transmission from only one Zen master
Isshi inshō   To receive transmission from only one Zen master
Isshi ken 一指拳 Extended index finger or one finger fist
Isshin 一心 One mind; with one’s whole heart
Isshin ichinyo 一心一如 One heart/mind, one likeness; as one mind
Isshin ittō 一心一刀 “One mind, one sword”; one mind, one strike
Isshin ryū 一心流 Okinawan karate ryū founded 1956 by Shimabuku Tatsuo
Isshin ryū 一心流 Koryū kusarigamajutsu
Isshi sōden 一子相伝 Handing down knowledge from father to son; complete transmission of a ryū’s techniques only to one’s heir
Isshō kenmei 一生懸命 “To guard a place with one’s life,” with all one’s might, with one’s whole heart
Issoku chō 一足長 One foot length
Issoku ikken no maai 一足一拳の間合い One step, one strike distance
Issoku irimi 一足入り身 Stepping through, a type of tai sabaki
Issoku ittō no ma
一足一刀の間 “One-foot one-sword distance,” middle range of maai, one of three ranges in kendō
Issoku ittō no maai 一足一刀の間合い “One-foot one-sword distance,” middle range of maai, one of three ranges in kendō
Ita Board or plank
Itai 痛い Pain, ache, sting, grief, hurt, “It hurts”
Itami 痛み Pain
Itami wake 痛み分け “Sharing the pain”
Ita shuriken 板手裏剣 Flat shuriken, concealed throwing weapon
Ittatsu ryū 一達流 Koryū hojōjutsu
Ite 射手 Archer
Itō Ittōsai 伊東一刀斎 (1560-1653) Japanese swordsman, founder of Ittō ryū
Itō Kazuo     (1898 - 1974) Japanese jūdōka, jūdan, meijin
Itokazu Yoshio 糸数義男 (1896 - ?) Okinawan karateka, founder of Itokazukei Gōjū ryū
Itoman Bunkichi   (1867-1945) Okinawan karateka aka Kanagushiku
Itō Shuntarō 伊東俊太郎 Japanese karateka
Itō Takasue     (1887 - 1981) Japanese jūdōka, jūdan,meijin
Itosu Ankō 糸洲 安恒 (1830? -1915) Okinawan karateka; in Japanese, Itosu Yasutsune
Itosukai 糸洲会 Association for Itosu ryū karate dō
Itosu no Kūshankū 糸洲の公相君 Version of Kūshankū taught by Itosu Ankō
Itosu no Passai 糸洲の披塞 Version of Passai taught by Itosu Ankō
Itosu ryū 糸洲流 Japanese karate ryū closely related to Shitō ryū
Itosu Yasutune 糸洲 安恒 1830? -1915) Okinawan karateka
Itsuku 居付く To be unable to show one’s full abilities because preoccupation with one thing impedes perception of movement and suki of opponent.
Itsutsu no kamae 五つの構え The five postures of kendō
Itsutsu no kata 五つの型 Advanced jūdō kata
Ittan いったん, 一旦 Once; for a moment, temporarily
Itten bari 一点張り “One point stretching,” concentrating on something, persisting (idiom)
Ittō 一刀 Sword, blade; one stroke
Ittō ma 一刀間 “One sword distance”; middle range of maai
Ittō ryū 一刀流 “One sword school,” koryū kenjutsu
Ittō Shōden Mutō ryū 一刀正伝無刀流 Koryū kenjutsu
Iwa 違和 Physical disorder
Iwah     Chinese military attache to Okinawan compound in Fuzhou who taught quánfǎ
Iwakan 違和感 or 異和感 Uncomfortable feeling; feeling out of place; sense of discomfort
Iwakura ryū   Koryū suiei jutsu
Iwama ryū 岩間流 Aikidō style taught by Saitō Morihiro
Iwama sutairu aikidō 岩間スタイル合気道 Aikidō style taught by Saitō Morihiro
Iwa nami 岩波 “Wave on the rock,” 21st technique in Koshiki no kata of jūdō
Iwanu ga hana 言わぬが花 Some things are better left it unsaid, silence is golden
Iwata Ikkusai 岩田一空斎 (1909-2003) Japanese aikidōka, kudan; also Hajime or Kinya
Iwata Manzō 岩田万蔵 (1924-1993) Japanese karateka (Shitō ryū)
Iwao no mi 巌の身 Body of a rock, a metaphor of Miyamoto Musashi
Iyakurai hachi   Kata
Izumigawa Kanki 泉川 寛喜 (1909-1969) Okinawan karateka (Gōjū ryū)
Izumi Shizeki  
Okinawan karateka (Gōjū ryū) who taught karatedō, kobudō and yoga, founder of Shizeikan in Yonago