Karada
The Body

Also known as tai 体.

 

Abdomen - Groin

Hair - Xiphoid Process Glossary index    
                                             
Abdomen Fuku
  Hara  
  腹部 Fukubu  
  下腹部 Kafukubu  
  下腹 Shita hara  
  お腹 Onaka  
  丹田 Tanden Tan tien or dantian (Chinese), danjeon 단전 (Korean), tạnt̄heīyn ตันเถียนยน (Thai)
  下っ腹 Shitappara  
  Also means trunk, torso, body, waist
  小腹 Kobara  
  臍下 Seika Lower abdomen
       
Achilles tendon アキレス腱 Akiresuken Calcaneal tendon, tendocalcaneous
       
Abdominal muscles 腹筋 Harasuji  
    Fukkin Also means situp
    Fukukin  
       
Abductor muscle 外転筋 Gaitenkin Moves limb away from midline of body
       
Adductor muscle 貝柱 Kaibashira Moves limb towards midline of body
  内転筋 Naitenkin  
       
Adam’s apple 喉仏 Nodobotoke Laryngeal prominence
       
Ankle 足首
Ashi kubi
Tarocrurual joint
  Kurubushi  
       
Anus 肛門 Kōmon Anus
  若気 Niyake Also means buttocks, male homosexual’s partner
  けつの穴 Ketsu no ana Rude colloquialism
  穴マンコ or 穴まんこ Ketsumanko Typically used in vulger sexual sense
       
Arch 低足
Teisoku
  土踏まず Tsuchifumazu  
       
Arm Ude  
  上肢 Jōshi  
  Te  
  腕 or 肱 Kaina  
       
Armpit     See axilla
       
Artery 動脈 Dōmyaku
       
Axilla
Waki
 
  Eki  
  脇の下 Waki no shita  
  脇影 Waki kage  
  腋窩 Ekika  
       
Back
Se
  背中 Senaka  
  Koshi Also means lower back, hips, waist
       
Back of the hand 手 の 甲 Te no kō  
  背手 Haishu  
  Also means instep, carapace
       
Ball of foot 中足 Chūsoku  
  上足底 Jōsokutei  
       
Biceps 二頭筋 Nitōkin Biceps brachii
  上腕二頭筋 Jōwan nitōkin  
       
Biceps femoris 大腿二頭筋 Daitai nitōkin Hamstrings
       
Bladder

  膀胱 Bōkō  
       
Blood Chi
  Ketsu  
  血液 Ketsueki  
  Ake  
  Hi  
       
Body Tai
  体 or 躰 or 躯 Karada  
  身体 Shintai  
  人体 Jintai  
  Also means trunk, torso, abdomen, waist
  Dōtai Also means trunk or torso
  Mi Also means oneself, one's place, one's position, main part, meat
  肌身 Hadami  
  上体 or 上腿 Jōtai Upper body
       
       
Bone Kotsu
  Hone  
       
Brain

  脳髄 Nōzui  
  Zu Also means head, hair
  頭脳 Zunō Also means head
       
Breast
Kyō
  Mune  
  Chichi  
  Nyū  
       
Breastbone     See sternum
       
Bridge of nose 鼻柱 Hanabashira
  鼻筋 Hanasuji  
  鼻っ柱 Hanappashira  
  鼻梁 Biryō  
       
Brow

See forehead
       
Buttocks 臀部
Denbu
  Shiri  
  お尻 Oshiri  
  太もも or 太股 or 太腿 Futomono Colloquialism
  穴 or 穴 Ketsu Colloquialism
  若気 Niyake Also means anus or a male homosexual partner
       
Calf 脹ら脛 Fukurahagi
  Komura  
  Kobura  
       
Capitate bone 有頭骨 Yūtō kotsu
       
Carotid artery 頸動脈 Keidōmyaku
       
Carpus 手根骨 Shukon kotsu Wristbones
  腕骨 Wan kotsu  
       
Cervical plexus 頚神経叢 Keishinkeisō
       
Cheek
    Hoho  
       
Cheekbone 頬骨 Hōbone Zygomatic bone or malar bone
  頬骨 Hohobone  
  頬骨 Yōkotsu  
  頬骨 Tsurabone  
  頬桁 Hōgeta  
  顴骨 Kenkotsu Obscure
  顴骨 Kankotsu Obscure
       
Chest
Kyō
  Mune  
  胸部 Kyōbu  
  胸郭 Kyōkaku  
  胸間 Kyōkan  
  胸板 Munaita  
  胸先 Munasaki  
       
Chin (or jaw) 顎 or 齶 or 頤 or 顋 Ago
  顎 or 齶 or 頤 or 顋 Gaku  
       
Clavicle 鎖骨 Sakotsu
       
Coccyx 尾骨
Bikotsu
  尾てい骨 Biteikotsu  
       
Collarbone     See clavicle
       
Colon 大腸 Daichō
       
Crown Itadaki
       
Deltoid 三角筋 Sankakukin
       
Diaphragm 横隔膜 Ōkakumaku
       
Ear Mimi
  Ji  
       
Earlobe 耳朶 or 耳たぶ Mimitabu Lobulus ariculae
  耳朶 Jida  
       
Elbow 肘 or 肱 or 臂 Hiji  
  猿臂 Empi or enpi Empi is literally, "monkey elbow"
       
Eye 瞳 or 眸 Hitomi Also means pupil of eye
 
Me
  Moku  
  Gan Also means eyeball, eyesight, look, experience, viewpoint
  Manako Also means eyeball, eyesight, look, experience, viewpoint
  眸子 Bōshi Also means pupil of eye
       
Eyeball
Gan
  目玉 Medama  
  眼球 Gankyū  
       
Eyebrow Mi
  Bi  
  Mayu  
  眉毛 Mayuge  
       
Eyelash 睫毛 or まつげ Matsuge
       
Eyelid 目蓋 or まぶた Mabuta Palpebra
  目縁 Mabuchi  
  眼瞼 Ganken  
  下瞼 Shita mabuta Lower eyelid (palpebra inferior)
  上瞼 Uwa mabuta Upper eyelid (palpebra superior)
       
Eye socket 眼孔
Gankō
Optic foramen
  眼窩 Ganka  
    Seimo  
       
Face Men
 
  面皮 Mempi  
  Gan  
  Kao  
  顔面 Ganmen  
  顔付き or 顔つき Kaotsuki  
       
Fat
  脂肪 Shibō  
       
Finger
Yubi
  手指 Shushi  
  一指 Isshi  
  手 の 指 Te no yubi  
       
Finger (index) 人差し
Hitosashi Digitus secundus, digitus II
  人差し指 Hitosashiyubi  
  食指 Shokushi  
       
Finger (middle) 中指 Nakayubi Digitus medius, digitus tertius, digitus III
  中指 Chūshi  
  高高指 or 高々指 Takataka yubi  
       
Finger (ring) 薬指
Kusuriyubi
Digitus medicinalis, digitus annularis, digitus quartus, digitus IV
  無名指 Mumeishi  
  環指 Kanshi  
  紅差し指 Benisashi yubi  
       
Finger (little) 小指 Koyubi Digitus minimus manus, digitus quintus, digitus V
       
Fingernail
  Tsume  
  生爪 Namadume  
       
Fingertip 指頭
Shitō
  指先 Yubisaki  
       
Fist Ken
  Gen  
  Kobushi  
  拳固 Genko  
  拳骨 Genkotsu  
  鉄拳 Tekken  
       
Floating rib     Costae fluctuates [XI-XII]
       
Foot Ashi Also means leg, gait, pace
  Soku  
  下手 Shimote Also means lower part or lower direction
       
Forearm 小手
Kote  
  Ude  
  Wan  
  前腕 Mae ude  
  前膊 Zenpaku  
  前腕 Zenwan  
  下膊 Kahaku  
  背腕 Haiwan Back of forearm
  手腕 Shuwan Front of forearm; also means ability
  外腕 Gaiwan Outside of forearm
  外小手 Soto kote Outside of forearm
  内腕 Naiwan Inside of forearm
  内腕 Uchi ude Inside of forearm
       
Forehead
Hitai
 
  Gaku  
  前額 Zengaku  
  前額部 Zengakubu  
  前頭部 Zentōbu  
  お凸 Odeko  
  でこ or Deko  
  ムコー Mukō Hogen
  眉間 Miken  
  真っ向 Makkō  
       
Gall bladder Tan Also means “spirit”
  胆嚢 or 胆のう Tannō  
       
Gastrocnemius 腓腹筋 Hifukukin
       
Gluteus 殿筋 Denkin  
       
Gluteus maximus 大臀筋 Daidankin
       
Gluteus medius 中殿筋 Chūdenkin  
       
Gluteus minimus 小殿筋 Shōdenkin  
       
Groin 金的 Kinteki Groin as target in fighting; literally, “golden target”
  股 or 胯 or 叉 or 俣 Mata  
  鼠蹊 or 鼠径 or 鼡径 Sokei  
  鼠径部, 鼠蹊部,
鼠頚部, 鼠頸部,
鼡径部
Sokeibu  
                                                                         

Hair - Xiphoid Process          Glossary index