M: Ma - Maushiro
Mawari - minzoku bujutsu        Miru - moro ude     Mōshiwake arimasen - myōyō      Glossary index
 
Ma Horse; aka uma, ba
Ma Interval or space
Maai 間合い Distance between opponents
Maai o tsume, bodi o semeru 間合いを詰め、ボディを攻める Closing the gap to attack the body
Mǎ bù 馬步 Horse stance
Mabuchi 目縁 Eyelid; aka mabuta, ganken
Mabuni Kenei 摩文仁 賢榮 (1918- ) Okinawan karateka (Shitō ryū), jūdan, son of Mabuni Kenwa
Mabuni Kenwa 摩文仁賢和 (1889-1952) Okinawan karateka, founder of Shitō ryū
Mabuta 目蓋 or 瞼 Eyelid; aka mabuchi, ganken
Machi dōjō 町道場 Town, local or backstreet dōjō
Machigai 間違い Mistake
Machi no sen 待ち の 先 Delayed advantage: active waiting; “waiting for the kill”
Mada 未だ “Not yet,” not yet realized or completed; needing more practice or refinement
Madake 真竹 Japanese bamboo used for cutting targets and shinai
Mae Front
Mae ashi 前足 Front foot or leg; suri ashi
Mae ashi de no chūdan mawashi geri 前足回中段し蹴り Mid-level front-leg roundhouse kick
Mae ashi de no jōdan mawashi geri 前足での上段回し蹴り High front-leg roundhouse kick
Mae ashi de no jōdan mawashi geri,
  chūdan gyaku zuki
上段回し蹴り、中段逆ずき High front-leg roundhouse kick, mid-level reverse punch
Mae ashi de no jōdan mawashi geri, kizami zuki 上段回し蹴り、刻みずき High front-leg roundhouse kick, jab
Mae ashi gedan geri → gedan geri 前足下段蹴り→下段蹴り
Front leg low kick → low kick
Mae ashi gedan geri → jōdan mawashi geri 前足下段蹴り→上段回し蹴り
Front leg low kick → high roundhouse kick
Mae ashi gedan geri → jōdan ushiro mawashi geri 前足下段蹴り→上段後ろ回し蹴り
Front leg low kick→ high hook kick
Mae ashi geri 前足蹴り Kick with the front leg
Mae ashi jōdan mawashi geri →
  jōdan ushiro mawashi geri
前足上段回し蹴り→
上段後ろ回し蹴り
Front leg high roundhouse kick → high hook kick
Mae ashi kekomi 前足蹴込 Front thrust kick
Mae ashi mae geri 前足前蹴り Front leg front kick
Mae ashi mae geri → gedan geri 前足前蹴り→下段蹴り
Front leg front kick → low kick
Mae ashi mae geri → jōdan mawashi geri 前足前蹴り→上段回し蹴り
Front leg front kick → high roundhouse kick
Mae ashi mawashi geri 前足回し蹴り Front leg roundhouse kick
Mae ashi no feinto → ashi kake gedan barai 前足のフェイント → 足掛け下段払い Feint with front foot → hooking foot sweep
Mae ashi no jōdan mae geri 前足の上段前蹴り High level front kick with front leg
Mae ashi o ashi barai no hōkō ni fumikomu to dōji ni
  gyaku zuki, tate shutō
前足を足払いの方向に踏み込むと同時に
逆突き、縦手刀
Step forward and outside with front foot, reverse punch, vertical sword-hand
Mae ashi yoko geri 前足横蹴り Front leg side kick
Mae ashi yoko geri, gyaku zuki 前足横蹴、逆突き
Front leg side kick, reverse punch
Mae ashi yoko kekomi 前足横蹴込み Front leg side thrust kick
Mae ate 前当て Front strike
Maebane no kamae 前羽 の 構え Front wing posture
Mae biraki 前開き Open in front
Mae chidori ashi 前千鳥足 Crossover step in front of the stationary foot, cf ura chidori ashi; advancing foot movement
Maeda Peichin 真栄田親雲上 Okinawan karateka who taught the kata Wanshū to Kyan Chōtoku
Mae date 前立て Crest worn on the front of a kabuto
Mae empi ate 前猿臂当て Front elbow strike
Mae empi uchi 前猿臂打ち Front elbow strike
Mae eri 前襟 Front lapel
Mae gamae 前構え Front facing posture
Mae geri 前蹴り Front kick
Mae geri age 前蹴り揚げ Rising front kick
Mae geri dōji gedan barai 前蹴り同時下段払い Front kick together with lower level sweep
Mae geri dōji hazushi te 前蹴り同時外し手 Front kick at the same time as pulling-away hand
Mae geri fumikomi 前蹴り踏み込み Front stamping kick
Mae geri, atoashi o jiku ni mae ashi o hidari kōhō 45 do   ni sabaki, gedan barai, tate shutō, choku zuki 前蹴り、後足を軸に前足を左後方45度に捌き、
下段払い、縦手刀、直突き
Front kick, pull front foot back 45° for low sweeping block,
vertical sword-hand, straight punch
Mae geri, gedan barai, chūdan gyaku zuki, kekomi,   kaishu haiwan uke, chūdan gyaku zuki 前蹴り、下段祓い、中段逆突き、蹴込、 開手背腕受け、中段逆突き Front kick, low sweeping block, mid-level reverse punch, thrust kick,
open-hand back-of-arm block, mid-level reverse punch
Mae geri, gedan barai, gyaku zuki 前蹴り、下段払い、逆突き Front kick, low sweeping block, reverse punch
Mae geri, gedan barai, jigoku otoshi 前蹴り、下段払い、地獄落とし Front kick, low sweeping block, hell drop throw
Mae geri, gedan barai, jōdan oizuki,
  soto ude uke, kizami mawashi geri
前蹴り、下段払い、上段追い突き、
外腕受け、刻み回し蹴り
Front kick, low sweeping block, high lunge punch,
outside block, front leg roundhouse kick
Mae geri, gedan jūji uke, tenshin, yoko shutō uchi 前蹴り、下段十字受け、転身、横手刀打ち Front kick, low cross block, rotate and side sword-hand strike
Mae geri, gedan osae nagashi uke,
   tenshin, chūdan gyaku zuki
前蹴り、下段押さえ流し受け、
転身、中段逆突き
Front kick, low pressing block changing to flowing block,
rotate 180°, mid-level reverse punch
Mae geri, gyaku gedan barai, jun zuki 前蹴り、逆下段払い、順突き Front kick, reverse low sweeping block, front-hand punch
Mae geri kara jōdan hiza geri 前蹴りから上段膝蹴り
Front kick, high knee strike
Mae geri kara no jōdan mawashi geri 前蹴りからの上段上段回し蹴り Front kick, upper-level roundhouse kick combination
Mae geri ni taishite shikaku
  ni haitte kauntā mawashi geri
前蹴りに対して死角に 入ってカウンター 廻し蹴り Counter front kick by stepping to the blind side for roundhouse kick
Mae geri no feinto → hensoku jōdan mawashi geri 前蹴りのフェイント →変則上段廻し蹴り Front kick, feint front kick → high roundhouse kick
Mae geri no sabaki to uke-gaeshi 前蹴りの捌きと受け返し
Blocking and countering front kick
Mae geri tai uraken uchi 前蹴り対裏拳打ち Front rising kick versus backfist strike
Mae giri 前切り Front cut
Mae haku geri 前掃く蹴り Front sweeping kick
Mae hiji ate 前肘当て Front elbow strike
Mae hiza ate 前膝当て Front knee smash
Mae hiza geri 前膝蹴り Front knee kick
Mae kae ashi 前返足 Front switching legs, walking step forward
Mae kagami 前屈み Dodging by ducking
Mae kagi ashi dachi 前鉤 足立ち Front hooked foot stance
Mae kaiten 前回転 Front rolling breakfall
Mae kakato geri 前踵蹴り Front heel kick
Mae keage 前蹴上げ Front straight high kick
Mae kekomi 前蹴込 Front thrust kick
Mae ken zuki 前拳突き Front hand punch
Mae kesage 前蹴下げ Front low kick
Mae mawari ukemi 前回り受身 Rolling front breakfall
Mae mawashi 前回し Frontward twirling motion, usually with a weapon
Mae mawashi empi uchi 前回し猿臂打ち Front roundhouse elbow strike
Mae mawashi geri 前回し蹴り Front leg roundhouse kick
Mae mawashi hiji ate 前回し肘当て Front roundhouse elbow strike
Mae mawashi uke 前回し受け Front roundhouse block;
Mae muki 前向き Facing front
Mae naname 前斜め Front diagonal direction
Mae naname ashi 前斜め足 Front diagonal step
Mae ni 前に Command to move forward
Mae ni de nagara feinto o kake, kōgeki ni tsunageru 前に出ながらフェイントをかけ、 攻撃につなげる   Come forward with a feint, then attack
Mae no sen 前の先 Front attacking; attacking at the instant the opponent thinks about attacking
Mae no teki 前の敵 Enemy to the front
Mae oi geri 前追い蹴り Front lunge kick
Mae shittsui geri 前膝槌蹴り Front knee hammer kick
Mae sokutō geri 前足刀蹴り Front kick with foot sword
Mae sorimi 前反り身 Evasion by leaning backwards
Mae sōsoku geri
前双足蹴り Simultaneous kick to the front
Mae taore geri 前倒れ蹴り Front falling kick
Mae te 前手 Jab
Mae te dori 前手取り Wrist grasp from front
Mae te osae uke 前手押え受け Front hand pressing block
Mae te zuki 前手突き Jab punch; front hand punch
Mae tobi ashi 前飛び足 Front jumping step
Mae tobi geri 前飛び蹴り Flying front kick
Mae tobi hiza geri 前飛び膝蹴り Flying front knee strike
Mae ude 前腕 Forearm
Mae ude ate 前腕当て Forearm smash
Mae ude deai osae uke 前腕出会い押え受け Forearm pressing block
Mae ude gedan sukui uke 前腕下段掬い受け Lower level forearm scooping block
Mae ude hineri uke 前腕捻り受け Forearm twisting block
Mae ukemi 前受け身 Front breakfall
Mae ushiro no teki 前後ろの敵 Enemies to the front and rear
Maezashi 前差し Short sword,
Mae zuki 前突き Front punch
Maezumō 前相撲 Preliminary sumō bouts with unranked wrestlers; unranked sumō wrestlers
Mae zu zuki 前頭突き Forward head butt
Maga yari 曲が槍 Spear with a cross-shaped blade
Magari yari 曲がり槍 Spear with a cross-shaped blade
Magatsuhi 曲霊 Evil spirits or diversions that enter into one’s mind as distractions
Magatsuhi no kami 禍津日神 Evil gods
Mage Topknot; cf chonmage, the entire hairstyle with mage
Magenobashi 曲げ伸ばし Bending and stretching
Mageru 曲げる Bend
Magetori barai uke 髷取り 払い受け “Seizing the topknot block,”  rising double knife-hand block
Magiri no heihō 曲ぎり の 兵法 Strategy of stirring up opponent’s spirit
Mago deshi 孫弟子 Disciple of one’s disciple
Maha geri マハ蹴り High-level roundhouse kick that goes, then strikes on the descent
Mahanmi 真半身 Side-facing, as in stance; cf mashomen and hanmi
Mahanmi no kōkutsu dachi 真半身の後屈立ち Side-facing back stance
Mahanmi no nekoashi dachi 真半身の猫足立ち Side facing cat stance
Mai bpen rai ไม่เป็นไร “No problem” or “Never mind” (Thai), as in “you kick me hard, no problem”; also romanized as maybelai
Maiko 舞子 or 舞妓 Apprentice geisha
Mainichi renma 毎日練磨 Daily training
Majieru 交える or 雑える To cross swords
Makasu 負かす To defeat
Make 負け A defeat, loss
Makeru 負ける To lose or be defeated
Makeru ga kachi 負ける が 勝ち “To lose is to win” (proverb)
Makiage 巻揚 Wrist roller, hojo undō device
Makiage kigu 巻揚器具 Wrist roller, hojo undō device; a
Makibishi 撒き菱 or 撒菱 Caltrop, spiked antipersonnel weapon used to deter pursuit
Maki kaeshi 巻返し Turning deflection, rotating the body or pivoting while receiving or deflecting a technique
Maki ito 巻糸 Material for tsuka binding
Makikomi 巻き込み Winding,
Makimono 巻き物 or 巻物 Scroll
Maki otoshi 巻落とし Aikidō throw executed by going down on one knee; aikidō sword technique deflecting opponent’s weapon
Maki otoshi uke 巻落とし受け Rolling dropping block (open hand block)
Maki stick     Hojo undō conditioning device
Makite 巻手 “Wrapped around hand,” knife grip between middle and ring fingers
Makite uke 巻手受け Wrapping hand block, winding knife-hand block
Makiwara 巻藁 Striking board;
Makkō 真っ向 Forehead, brow, front; front of helmet
Makoto Absolute sincerity freed from the pressure of the moment
Makura osae no heihō 枕押え の 兵法 “Strategy of holding down the pillow,” controlling the opponent’s head
Makushita 幕下 Third highest division in sumō or a wrestler in that division
Malla yuddha मल्लयुद्ध Traditional form of South Asian wrestling; in Sanskrit, “boxing match,” a single boxing match
Malyutham மல்யுத்தம்्ध   Tamil (South Indian) grappling system
Mama まま As it is; as one likes; command to freeze or hold position
Mamori 守り Protection, defense; providence
Mamori gatana 守り刀 Sword for self defense; first sword for a bushi, a charm covered in brocade given after birth
Mamoru 守る Protect, defend, guard
Man Ten thousand
Manabu 学ぶ To learn, to study in depth, to take lessons in; to learn by imitating the sensei, shu stage of shuhari
Manadeshi 愛弟子 Favorite pupil, teacher’s pet
Manaka 真中 Middle, center, midway
Manaka Fumio 間中文夫 (1945 - ) Founder of Jinenkan, hybrid Japanese system training in multiple weapons
Maniwa Nen ryu 馬庭念流 Koryū kenjutsu, naginatajutsu, sōjutsu and yadomejutsu
Manji 卍 or 卍字 or 万字 Swastika, especially counterclockwise version used in Buddhism
Manji gamae 卍構え Swastika posture
Manji uke 卍受け Swastika block
Mannaka 真ん中 Middle, center, midway
Ma no torigata 間 の 取り方 Efficient use of space between you and your opponent
Manriki 万力 “Power of ten thousand,” classical Japanese weapon, double weighted chain; control over self
Manrikigusari 万力鎖 “Ten thousand power chain,” classical Japanese weapon, double weighted chain,
Manshin 慢心 Conceit, pride, one of the heijutsu no sanbyo, the three sicknesses of the martial arts
Manshin 満身 Whole body
Marma Adi മര്മ അദ   Traditional South Indian boxing system focusing on vital points; also Marma Shastra
Mari mune 鞠棟 Rounded mune
Mari Shiten 摩利支天 Esoteric Buddhist god of war, one of the Jūniten, the twelve dieties
Maru Circle, to come full circle
Maru bō 丸棒 Round
Marubashi no kata 丸橋之形 “Bridge of life,”  advanced sword kata of Yagyū Shinkage ryū
Marubōzu 丸坊主 Close cropped head
Maru gata 丸形 or 丸型 Round shape
Marui 丸い or 円い Circle, circular; ball-shaped, round, spherical
Marui mono me no musha shūgyō 丸い物目の武者修業 “Warrior’s pilgrimage of the one with the round eyes” 
Maruin 丸印 Round seal
Marumi muchimi 丸み餅身 Principle of circular movement and concluding technique at its maximum level
Masai 磨淬 Polishing one’s sword or talent or knowledge
Masakatsu 正勝つ  “True victory”
Masakatsu agatsu 正勝つ 吾勝つ  “True victory is victory over the self” (Ueshiba Morihei)
Masamuchi Noro 昌道 野呂 (1935 - ) Founder of Kinomichi and uchi deshi of Ueshiba Morihei
Masamune 正宗 (c 1264 - 1343) Great swordsmith or sword forged by him
Mashōmen 真正面 Front facing, as in stance; directly opposite; right in front
Mashōmen no nekoashi dachi 真正面 の 猫足 立ち Front facing cat stance
Mashikaku 真四角 Square
Masshikaku まっ四角 Square
Massugu 真直 Straight ahead
Ma sutemi waza 真捨身技 Straight sacrifice throws
Mata 股 or 胯 or 叉 or 俣 Thigh, crotch, groin
Matadachi 股だち Split in the side of hakama
Matawari 股割り Sumō term for full side splits
Matayoshi Shimpo 又吉眞豊 (1921 - 1997) Okinwan karateka and expert in kobudō, jūdan
Mato Target, mark, object
Matoba 的場 Target house, part of a kyūdōjō
Matsu 待つ Wait
Matsu Pine tree
Matsubagata shuriken 松葉形手裏剣 Pine needle shuriken
Matsubayashi 松林 Pine forest
Matsubayashi ryū 松林流 Okinawan karate style; also Shōrin ryū
Matsuge 睫毛 Eyelashes
Matsu Higa Peichin 比嘉亲云上 (1640 - 1720) Okinawan karateka, sensei of Takahara Peichin
Matsukaze 松風 “Pine wind”; karate kata; left carotid artery; side of neck; sound of arterial bleeding from carotid
Matsumura Kōsaku 松茂良興作 Okinawan karateka
Matsumura Nabe   (1860-1930) Okinawan karateka, grandson of Matsumura Sokon and sensei to Soken Hohan
Matsumura Rohai 松村鷺牌 Kata
Matsumura Sōkon 松村 宗棍 (1809-1899) Okinawan karateka, known as “Bushi” Matsumura
Matsunen 末年 The final days; the final years; the last generation
Matte 待って Stop immediately
Matto ni shizumu マットに沈む To be knocked out
Maushiro 真後ろ Directly behind
                                                                                                                                                                                  

Mawari - minzoku bujutsu        Miru - moro ude     Mōshiwake arimasen - myōyō      Glossary index