Ō - orikaeshi tanren      
Oroshi - ōzumō          Glossary index
 
     
Ō Major, great, large; also dai
Ō 負う To bear, to carry on one’s back; to take responsibility, to accept a duty; to be injured; to owe
Ō Hit, beat, strike, puch, knock; also naguru
Ōbāheddo kikku オーバーへッドキック Overhead kick
Obi Belt
Obi dori 帯取り Grasping the belt
Obi dori gaeshi 帯取り返し Belt grasp reversal
Obi musubi 帯結び Belt knot
Obi no iro 帯の色 Belt color
Obon 御盆 or お盆 Buddhist festival of the dead
Ochiai Hidehiko (Hidy) 落合秀彦 (1939 - ) Japanese Washin ryū karateka
Ō chiburi 大血振り Large motion of sword to shake off blood
Ochimasu 落ちます To drop or fall
Ochitsuki 落ち着き Calm, composure
Ōda 殴打 Hit, strike, blow
Oda Nobunaga 織田 信長 (1534-1582) Major daimyō during Sengoku jidai
Ōdachi 大太刀 Type of long Japanese sword
Odaiji ni お大事に Take care of yourself 
Ōda suru 殴打する Hit, beat strike
Odeko お凸 Forehead (colloquial)
Odokashi 脅かし Threat
Odokashi no heihō 脅かし の 兵法 Strategy of threatening the opponent; strategy of bluffing
Odokashi no waza 脅かし の 伎 Techniques of threatening
Odome     Secret techniques of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu
Ogasawara ryū 小笠原流 Classical Japanese school of etiquette
Ogawa ryū “zukami” no kihon genri 小川流 “掴み” の 基本原理 Basic principle of Ogawa style grasping
Ogenki desu ka? お元気ですか? “How are you?”
Ōgi 奥義 Secrets, mysteries, esoterica, hidden purpose; also okugi
Ōgi Folding fan
Ōgigata naeshi 扇形萎えし Fan-shaped truncheon
Ogoru mono hisashikarazu 驕るもの久しからず “Proud people are soon humbled,” (proverb)
Ō goshi 大腰 Major hip throw
Oguri Ryū 小栗流 Koryū jūjutsu, founded by Oguri Neimon c 1616
Ō guruma 大車 “Major wheel,” throw
Ō harai no gi 大祓の儀 Purification ceremony; related to misogi
Ohayō お早う Good morning
Ohayō gozaimasu お早う御座います Good morning
Ohfuri kōsa barai 大振り交差払い Large swinging cross sweep
Ohfuru uke 大震受け  
Ohgami Shingo     (1941 - ) Wadō ryū karateka, chief instructor of Swedish Karatedō Wadōkai
Ohshima Tsutomu 大岛努 (1930 - ) Shōtōkan karateka, founder of Shōtōkan Karate of America
Ohtsuka Hironori 大塚浩記 (1892-1982) Founder of Wadō Ryū karatedō, jūdan, meijin
Ohtsuka Hironori II 大塚浩記 (1934 - ) Wadō Ryū karateka, jūdan, son of Ohtsuka Hironori
Oi age uke 追い揚げ受け Lunge rising block
Oi age zuki 追い揚げ突き Lunge rising punch
Oi ashi 追い足 Lunging step
Ōichōmage 大銀杏髷 Most formal of men’s chonmage, worn by rikishi
Oi empi uchi 追い猿臂打ち Non-reverse elbow strike
Oi gaiwan gedan uke 追い外腕下段受け Outer forearm downward block with front arm
Oi gaiwan nagashi uke 追い外腕流し受け Outer forearm flowing block with front arm
Oi geri 追い蹴り Lunge kick
Oi gyaku age uke 追い逆揚げ受け Lunge reverse rising block
Oi gyaku sanchin dachi zuki 追い逆三戦立ち突き Reverse sanchin dachi lunge punch
Oi gyaku soto uke 追い逆外受け Reverse outside lunge block
Oi hiji gyaku soto uchi 負い肘逆外打ち Lunge outside reverse elbow strike
Oi hiji soto uchi 負い肘外打ち Lunge outside elbow strike
Oi gyaku zuki 追い逆突き Lunge reverse punch
Oi jōdan geri 追い上段蹴り Lunge high front kick
Oi jōdan yoko geri 追い上段横蹴り Lunge high side kick
Oi kakeru 追いかける Chase, run after, pursue
Oi kansetsu geri 追い関節蹴り Lunge joint kick
Oi keage 追い蹴上げ Lunge rising side kick
Oi kiba dachi zuki 追い騎馬立ち突き Lunge punch in horse stance
Oi kingeri 追い金蹴り Lunge groin kick
Oi kizami zuki 追い刻み突き Lunge jab
Oi komi 追い込み “Strike inward,” technique with a step
Oi komu 追い込む Attack a fleeing opponent and driver her/him into a specific place or condition
Oi mae geri 追い前蹴り Lunge front kick
Oi mawashi geri 追い回し蹴り Lunge roundhouse kick
Oi mawashi zuki 追い回し突き Lunge roundhouse punch
Oi nagashi ude uke 追い流し腕受け Flowing forearm block with front arm
Oi naname kiba dachi gedan uke 追い斜め騎馬立ち下段受け  Lunge diagonal horse stance lower block
Oi otoshi seiryūtō uke 追い落とし青竜刀受け Lead hand dropping ox jaw hand block
Oirad                                                        A type of Mongolian wrestling resembling freestyle
Oi shita zuki 追い下突き Lead-side body-shot
Oi shutō uke 追い手刀受け Sword hand lunge block
Oi soto uraken uchi 追い外裏拳打ち Lunge outward backfist strike
Ōishi Takeshi 大石武士 Japanese karateka
Oi uchi 追い打ち Quickly striking a fleeing opponent or chasing and striking an opponent ; final blow
Oi uke 追い受け Block with arm on the same side as forward leg
Oi waza 追い技 Chasing or following strikes attacking the opponent as s/he retreats
Oi yoko geri 追い横蹴り Lunge side kick
Oi yoko keage 追い横蹴上げ Lunge rising side kick
Oi zenkutsu gyaku hiji age uchi 追い前屈逆肘揚げ打ち Upper-level reverse rising front elbow strike
Oi zenkutsu hiji age uchi 追い前屈肘揚げ打ち Upper-level front rising elbow strike
Oi zuki 追い突き Lunge punch; chasing punch
Oi zuki, kake uke, jōdan tettsui uchi,
  utsu to dōjini tōbu o osae
追い突き、掛け受け、上段鉄槌打ち、
打つと同時に頭部を押さえ
Lunge punch, hooking block, high hammerfist strike, hold the head and strike
Ojigi お辞儀 or 御辞儀 Bow
Ōji kaeshi 応じ返し Responding to an attack by evading or receiving, then counterattacking
Ojike 怖じ気or 怖じけ Fear, dread, fright
Ōjiru 応じる Responding to an attack; pushing aside a striking shinai with one’s own shinai
Ōjite iku waza 応じていく技 Waza in which one blocks then finds an opening and counterattacks
Okagesama de お蔭様で or お陰さまで or
お陰様で or 御蔭様で
“Thanks to God,” “thanks to you”
Okake kudasai おかけください “Please sit down”
Ōkakumaku 横隔膜 Diaphragm
Ōkamakiri mushi 大螳螂虫 Praying mantis, symbol of courage and cunning, harbinger of good fortune
Okamura Takemasa     Japanese karateka
Okan   Classical Okinawan karate kata
Okazaki Teruyuki 岡崎照幸 (1931 - ) Japanese karateka, jūdan
Okiagari koboshi 起き上がり小法師 “Getting up little priest,” tumbler doll
Ōkī aite no kōgeki ni taisuru 大きい相手の攻撃に対する Defense against attack of a large opponent
Ōkiku makitori, chūdan tettsui uchi 大きく巻き取り、中段鉄槌打ち Winding arm trap, mid-level hammerfist strike
Ōkiku makitori, mae empi uchi 大きく巻き取り、前猿臂打ち
Winding arm trap, front elbow strike
Okinawa 沖縄 Birthplace of karate
Okinawa kempō 沖縄拳法 Generic term for Okinawan karate, especially older versions; karate ryū founded by Nakamura Shigeru
Okinawa no kikō 沖縄 の 気功 Okinawan breathing exercise or spirit cultivation; qigong
Okinawan Prefectural Karatedō Promotion Society      
Okori 起こり Source, origin, cause, beginning; moment between thought of attack and the physical movement
Okorobi 雄詰 Yielding, a step in Shintō purification ritual (misogi)
Oku Secret or deep
Oku ashi no gedan mawashi geri
o ushiro mawashi geri de awaseru
奥足の下段回し蹴り
を後ろ回し蹴りで合わせる
 Upper-level hook kick counter to inside leg lower-level roundhouse kick
Okuden 奥傳 Inner or secret teachings; also okuiai or okuai
Okugi 奥義 Secret techniques; secrets, esoterica, arcana
Okugi waza 奥義伎 Secret techniques, secrets in kata
Okuiri 奥入 Introduction to the secrets; lowest level of the menkyo rank system
Oku niwa 奥庭 Inner garden
Okunote 奥の手 Left hand, upper hand, secret skills, trump card, mystery, last resort
Okurasu garoshi 遅らす過労死 “Delayed killing,” delayed death touch
Okuri 送り Chasing, pursuing or sliding
Okuri ashi 送り足 Sliding step
Okuri ashi barai 送り足払い Pursuing foot sweep, throw
Okuri daoshi 送り倒し Pressing down with both hands or arms to crush the opponent to the ground
Okuri dashi 送り出し Pushing on opponent’s back to make her/him fall forward
Okuri eri jime 送り襟絞め Sliding lapel strangle
Okuri geri 送り蹴り Straight kick
Okuri gote 送小手
Straight wrist lock
Okuri ippon gumite 送り一本組手 Follow-through one-step sparring
Okuri jiyū ippon gumite 送り自由一本組手 Follow-through free-style one-step sparring
Okuri zuki 送り突き Straight punch
Oku sandan     An old grade marking a dividing line between junior (1-3 dan) and senior (4+) yūdansha
Omae wa dare da お前は誰だ “Who the fuck are you?”
Ōmata 大股 Thigh scooping body drop; straddle; long, swinging stride or big step
Omedetō gozaimasu おめでとう ございます “Congratulations” as spoken to someone who has been awarded a new rank
Omine Chotoku     (? - 1975) Okinawan karateka
Omoi 思い or 想い Thought, mind, heart, feelings, emotion, sentiment, love, affection, desire, wish, hope, expectation, imagination, experience
Ōmori ryū 大杜 “Big forest school,” koryū iaidō
Omote Front, surface, outside, entering or obvious
Omotegei 表芸 Main accomplishment; old karate term for kata
Omote ken 表拳 Front fist (as contrasted to uraken); palm-side of fist
Omote kote 表小手 Outside of forearm or, confusingly, sometimes inside of forearm
Omote kote uke 表小手受け Block with outside of forearm
Omote-ura kake 表裏掛け Front-back hook
Omote waza 表技 Outside or manifest techniques; obvious techniques that can be displayed in public
Ōmoto 大本 Fringe Japanese religion that had a great impact on Ueshiba Morihei
Ōmoto kyō 大本教 Fringe Japanese religion that had a great impact on Ueshiba Morihe
On Obligation, favor, benefit, something requiring repayment
Onaji waza 同じ技 “Same technique”
Onaka お腹 Abdomen, belly, stomach
Onegai shimasu お願いします “I make a request” or “I ask or you,” said when bowing and initiating practice
Onegai otsukaresamadeshita お願いお疲れ様でした “Thank you” used after training with a partner
O’Neill, Terry     (1948 - ) British Shōtōkan karateka
Oni Demon, ogre
Oniken 鬼拳 One knuckle punch using forefinger
Oni kudaki 鬼砕き “Crushing the demon,” shoulder lock
Onimusha 鬼武者 Daredevil warrior
Onjin 恩人 Benefactor
Onken 陰剣 Throwing knife or star
Onko chishin 温故知新 “To search for the old is to understand the new”
Onmyōdō 陰陽道 Japanese version of Chinese mysticism
Onmyō jutsu 陰陽術 Using Chinese mysticism to predict the outcome of battles
Onna Woman
Onna bugeisha 女武芸者 Female buke (samurai) in feudal Japan trained in weapons
Onna no atemi 女の当て身 Female striking; cf otoko no atemi
Onna no ichinen iwa o mo toosu 女の一念岩をも 通す “A woman’s willpower will pierce even stone” (proverb)
Ono-ha Ittō ryū 小野派一刀流 Koryū kenjutsu
Ōnusa 大幣 Wooden wands, decorated with shide used in Shintō purification rituals
Onyomi 音読み Sino-Japanese reading of kanji, in contrast to Kunyomi, the Japanese or native reading
Ooraka 大らか or 多らか Placid, composed, serene, calm; big hearted, broad-minded, magnanimous; great quantity (of something)
Oozumō 大相撲 Professional sumō wrestling
Orei お礼 Respect; etiquette; bowing
Ori Break
Orikaeshi tanren 折り返し鍛練 Repeated process of heating and folding in the forging of a katana
                                                                                  
Oroshi - ōzumō          Glossary index