R      
Rabo de arraira   “Tail of the stingray,” drop overhead back kick
Rai Thunderbolt, thunder, lightning
Raiuchi 雷打ち Thunderbolt or lightning strike; chūdan jō kata, Shintō Musō ryū
Raise 来世 Buddhist afterlife; future, posterity
Rakan gamae 羅漢構え Lohan posture
Rakan kempō 羅漢拳法 Lohan kung fu, Monk Boxing (Japanese pronunication)
Rakan uke 羅漢受け Two-handed rotating block
Rakka 落花 “Like a falling flower,” block with great force, one of five rules of defense in Shitō ryū
Rakugo 落伍 or 落後 Dropping out of; straggling; falling out of the ranks
Rakugosha 落伍者 or 落後者 Dropout, straggler, outcast, failure
Rakugo suru 落伍する or 落後する To drop out, quit, give up
Raku ni naru 楽になる To become comfortable with a level of pain or discomfort
Rakurai 落雷 Thunderbolt, lightning strike
Ram muay รำมวย Dance-like ritual performed before Muay Thai matches
Ranbōrōzeki 乱暴狼藉 Running amok, committing an outrage, rampageous behavior
Ran bu ho     Shadow boxing
Randori 乱捕り Free practice, esp in jūdō
Randori gumite 乱捕り組手 Circular sparring, one fighter defending against a circle of either single or multiple attackers
Randori no kata 乱捕り の 型 First two formal exercises of jūdō taken together
Rasen uke 螺旋受け Spiral block
Rebā e no chūdan mawashi geri レバへの中段回し蹴り Roundhouse kick to the liver combination
Rebā e no mae geri レバーえの前蹴り Front kick to the liver combination
Rebā e no tsuki kara no tobi hiza geri レバーへの突きからの跳び膝蹴り Double body shots and jumping knee strike
Rei Bow, etiquette, thanks, gratitude
Reigi 礼儀 Manners, courtesy, etiquette
Reigisahō 礼儀作法 Etiquette
Reigi no renshū 礼儀 の 練習 Learning to respect each other
Reihō 礼法 Etiquette, courtesy, manners
Reiki 霊気 Healing art by laying-on of hands
Reikon 霊魂 Soul, spirit
Reikon shōmetsu 霊魂消滅 Annihilation
Reimyō di 霊妙手 “Miraculous toudi,” old Okinawan term for tōdi
Reisansoke 礼三息 Inhaling, exhaling and inhaling again during a bow
Reisei 冷静 Calmness, coolness
Reisei 励精 Diligence
Reisei 霊性 Divine nature
Reisei 励声 Shouts of encouragement
Reisei chinchaku 冷静沈着 Calm, cool and collected; level and calm
Reisei ichiban 励声一番 Giving cries of encouragement at a critical moment
Reisei no taido 冷静 の 態度 Calm attitude
Reisei shitta 励声叱咤 Shouts of encouragement
Reisha 礼射 Ceremonial archery; formal archery; cf busha, military archery
Reishiki 礼式 Etiquette
Rekishi 歴史 History
Relnick, Phil     American holder of menkyo in Shintō Musō-ryū jōdō
Ren Forge, temper, refine, polish, train
Renbukai 錬武会 “Association for forging the martial,” Karate ryū
Renchishin 廉恥心 Sense of honor
Rendaku 連濁 Sequential voicing: voicing of the initial consonant of the non-initial portion of a compound or prefixed word. For example, by itself, 突き is pronounced “tsuki,” but in 逆突き, it is pronounced “zuki” (gyakuzuki)
Rengeri 連蹴り Double stepping kick ; double snap kick, front leg first; consecutive kicking
Rengō geiko 聯合稽古 or 連合稽古 Large scale training session including several schools
Ren hankō 連反攻 Counter attack
Renkei waza 連係技 Combination techniques
Renkō 錬功 Skills acquired through hard training; feats of practice
Renkō hō 連行法 Methods of immobilizing opponent by blocking or locking her/his arms
Renkuwan     Combat flail, like an asymmetrical nunchaku
Renma 练磨 Polishing, training
Renmei 連盟 Federation
Renoji dachi レの字立ち L-shaped stance
Renoji kumite dachi レの字組み手立ち L-shaped fighting stance
Renraku 連絡 or 聯絡 Combinations
Renraku waza 連絡技 Combination techniques
Rensa han’no 連鎖反応 Chain reaction, as when one opponent is thrown into a second
Renshi 錬士 Teaching title below kyōshi and hanshi
Renshū 練習 Practice, training
Renshū aite 練習相手 Sparring partner
Renshū busoku 練習不足 Lack of training
Renshū hō 練習法 Methods of training
Renshūjō 練習場 Practice ground or “training place”
Renshū owarimasu 練習終ます “Training is over”
Renshūsei 練習生 Student or trainee
Rensusei     Okinawan term for training
Rentai hō 連体法 Physical education, one of Kanō’s three principles
Rentatsu 練達 Expertise, skill, dexterity
Ren uchi 連打ち Consecutive strikes
Ren uke 連受け Several consecutive blocks with different hands
Renzoku 連続 Continuous; without count (as in performing a kata)
Renzoku geri 連続蹴り Continuous kicking
Renzoku ken 連続拳 Continuous fists
Renzoku idō 連続移動 Moving combination
Renzoku gumite 連続組手 Continuous sparring; one fighter against others until complete exhaustion
Renzoku sayū men 連続左右面 Alternately strike both sides of opponent’s head
Renzoku waza 連続技 Continuous techniques
Renzoku waza o sabaite jōdan geri 連続技をさばいて上段蹴り  Parry consecutive attacks, then high kick
Renzoku zuki 連続突き Repeated punching with alternating hands
Ren zuki 連突き Repeated punching with alternating hands
Ri Truth, principle, justice
Riai 理合 Harmony of principles; when waza is rational, purposeful and sensible
Ri ari   Root form of a technique
Ri gi ittai 理技一体 Theory and practice as one
Rigyō kenbi 理業兼備 Exercise without thinking is useless
Rihō 理法 Principle, logic or law of something, like kendō
Riken 裡拳 Backfist
Riken gasshō 裡拳合掌 Backfist prayer posture
Rikisen funtō 力戦奮闘 Fighting with all one’s might
Rikishi 力士 “Gentleman of strength,” sumō wrestler
Riki shin ichizu 力心一途 “Perfect convergence of mind and body”
Rikō 利口 Clever, shrewd, crafty, sharp, bright, intelligent, wise
Rikoshin 利己心 Egoism, selfishness
Rikoshugi 利己主義 Egoism, selfishness
Rikoshugisha 利己主義者 Egoist
Rikugun Toyama Gakkō 陸軍富山学校 Toyama Military Academy, the birthplace of jūkendō
Rinkakusai     Pen name of Itosu Ankō, who was a scholar of Chinese classics as well as a karate master
Rinen 理念 Ideal of how things ought to be
Rinki ōhen 臨機応変 Adapting oneself to demands of the moment; be able to respond instantly to changes in opponent
Riron 理論 Theory
Ritsu Standing
Ritsudō 律動 Rhythm, feeling of rhythm
Ritsurei 立礼 Standing bow
Ritsuzen 立禅 Standing meditation
Ritsuzen 慄然 Terrified, horrified
Rochin     Okinawan short spear or bladed weapon, used with tinbe
Rōhai 鷺牌 “Vision of a heron,” kata
Rōhi 浪費 Waste, dissipation, as in a punch that does not snap back and therefore loses its power
Rokkakkei 六角形 Hexagon
Rokkaku 六角 Hexagon
Rokakku bō 六角棒 Hexagonal
Rō kikku no sabaki to uke-gaeshi ローキックの捌きと受け返し
Block and counter to low kick
Rokkan 六感 Sixth sense, intuition
Rokkotsu 肋骨 Rib
Rokku, hiza ロック、膝
Knee from headlock
Rōkō 老功 Experienced, veteran, seasoned
Roku Rib, ribcage
Roku Six
Rokudan 六段 Sixth degree black belt; sixth rank
Rokushaku bō 六勺 棒 Long staff; six foot staff
Rokushaku gama 六勺鎌 Six foot staff with sickle at one end
Rokyō 六教 Sixth teaching
Rōmaji ローマ字 Romanization of Japanese language in the Latin alphabet
Ronbun 論文 Thesis, disseration, essay, article, treatise, paper
Rōnin 浪人 “Wave man,” masterless samurai
Rōshi 廬至 “Old teacher” or “venerable teacher,” title for a Zen master
Rōshō fujō 老少不定 Death keeps no calendar; death comes to the old and young (proverb)
Rōshō futei 老少不定 Death keeps no calendar; death comes to the old and young (proverb)
Royama Hatsuo 盧山初雄 (1948- ) Japanese karateka (Kyokushinkai)
Rumi Maki     Reconstructed Incan/Peruvian martial art
Ru ri mo hari mo teraseba hikaru 瑠璃も針も照らせば光る “Emeralds and needles will shine when given light,” education can make a person wise whether smart or not at the outset
Rū Rū Kō ルールーコウ (1852 - 1930) Kung fu master who taught Higaonna Kanryō and Nakaima Kenri
Ryaku Abbreviation, omission, shorten
Ryō Both; two-handed
Ryō Japanese dragon
Ryō ashi 両足 Both feet
Ryō ashi de aite o hasanda jōtai kara,
sankaku jime e
両足で相手を挟んだ状態から、
三角絞めへ
From full guard to triangle choke
Ryō ashi de aite o hasanda jōtai kara, ude jūji e 両足で相手を挟んだ状態から、腕十字へ
From full guard to arm bar
Ryō ashi de karada o hasama reta jōtai kara, dasshutsu suru
両足で体を挟まれた状態から、脱出する Passing the guard
Ryō ashi dori 両足取り “Seizing both feet or legs,” double leg takedown; techniques that pressure both legs
Ryō ashi gari nage 両足刈投げ Double leg takedown; throw that reaps both legs, usually with the hands
Ryō ashi geri 両足蹴り Kick with both legs
Ryō ashi mae taore geri 両足前倒れ蹴り Double falling front kick
Ryō ashi mawashi taore geri 両足回し倒れ蹴り Double falling roundhouse kick
Ryō ashi mochi 両足持ち Double leg grab or takedown
Ryō ashi tsumasaki dachi 両足爪先立ち Two-footed toe stance
Ryōbukai 良武会 Karate ryū
Ryō otoshi empi uke, ryō hirate uchi,
  chūdan hiza geri, otoshi empi uchi
両落とし猿臂受け、両平手打ち、
中段膝蹴り、落とし猿臂打ち
Double dropping elbow block, double palm strike,
mid-level knee strike, dropping elbow strike
Ryō eri dori 両領取り Double lapel grab
Ryōfundō 両分銅 Classical Japanese weapon, short weighted chain
Ryōfundōgusari 両分銅鎖 Classical Japanese weapon, chain with weights at both ends
Ryō gan zuki 両眼突き Thrust into both eyes
Ryō goshi gamae 両腰構え Posture with each fist at respective hip
Ryō hiji harai age 両肘払い揚げ Both elbows sweeping and rising
Ryō hiji suihei ni haru 両肘水平に張る Boths elbows spread horizontally
Ryō hō 両方 Both directions
Ryō ippon ken ryō chichi mae ni kamae 両一本拳両乳 前に構え One-knuckle fists in front of nipples posture
Ryō ippon ken choku zuki 両一本拳直突き Straight punch with double one-knuckle fists
Ryō ippon ken chūdan choku zuki 両一本拳中段直突き Middle level straight punch with double one-knuckle fists
Ryō ippon ken gedan choku zuki 両一本拳下段直突き Low level straight punch with both one-knuckle fists
Ryō ippon nukite chūdan zuki 両一本貫手中段落とし突き Middle-level double one-finger spear-hand thrust
Ryōi Shintō Ryū 良移 心当 流 Jūjutsu koryū founded by Fukuno Shichiroemon Masakutsu
Ryōji 療治 Healing art
Ryokado     Back side of head
Ryō keitō chūdan uke 両鶏頭中段受け Middle level block with chicken head wrists
Ryō ken 両拳 Both fists
Ryō ken chūdan hasami zuki 両拳中段鋏突き Middle level scissor punch
Ryō ken chūdan kakiwake uke 両拳中段掻き分け受け Middle level reverse wedge block
Ryō ken gedan jūji uke 両拳下段十字受け Lower level cross block with fists
Ryō ken gedan kakiwake uke 両拳下段 掻き分け受け Lower lever reverse wedge block
Ryō ken gedan kōsa uke 両拳下段交差受け Lower level cross block with fists
Ryō ken goshi gamae 両拳腰構え Both fists at hips posture
Ryō ken jōdan jūji uke 両拳上段十字受け Upper level cross block with both fists
Ryō ken jōdan soto yoko te 両拳上段外横手 Upper level outside side block with both fists
Ryō ken jōdan ura zuki 両拳上段裏突き Double upper level inverted punch
Ryō ken jūji uke 両拳十字受け Cross block with fists
Ryō ken kaishu jōdan 両拳開手上段 Two open hands at upper level
Ryō ken mune mae 両拳胸前 Both fists in front of chest
Ryō ken naname shita ni kamaeru 両拳斜め下に構える Both fists diagonally down at side posture
Ryō ken ryō gawa 両拳両側 Both fists out to sides
Ryō ken ryō gawa e hikiharau 両拳両側え引き払う Both fists downward and outward
Ryō ken ryō gawa gedan kakiwake 両拳両側 下段 掻き分け Lower level reverse wedge block to both sides
Ryō ken ryō goshi gamae 両拳両腰構え Both fists at hips posture
Ryō ken ryō soku gedan kakiwake 両拳両側 下段 掻き分け Lower level reverse wedge block to both sides
Ryō ken ryō soku ni kakiwake orosu 両拳両側 に掻き分け下ろす Downward thrust of both fists to the sides
Ryō ken sokumen jōdan uke 両拳側面上段受け Upper level block to side with both fists
Ryō kentsui kōhō chūdan hasami uchi 両拳槌後方 中段鋏打ち Middle level hammer fist scissor strike to rear
Ryō ken yama gamae 両拳山構え Mountain posture with fists
Ryō ken zenpō e heikō ni nobasu 両拳前方え平衡に伸ばす Both fists extended forward and parallel
Ryō kō jōdan sokumen awase uke 両甲上段側面合わせ受け Upper level double back of hand combined block to the side
Ryō ko uke 両弧受け Two-handed arc block
Ryoku Power
Ryōmi 涼味 “Coolness,” intense, ongoing, critical reflection on the self
Ryō otoshi empi uke, ryō hirate uchi,
  chūdan hiza geri, otoshi empi uchi
両落とし猿臂受け、両平手打ち、
中段膝蹴り、落とし猿臂打ち
Double dropping elbow block, double palm strike,
mid-level knee strike, dropping elbow strike
Ryō shō awase 両掌合せ Both hands together
Ryō shō bō uke 両掌棒受け  Two-handed staff block
Ryō shō chūdan osae uke 両掌中段押え受け Two-handed middle level pressing block
Ryō shō de kōhō o harau 両掌で後方を払う Side block against rear attack with both hands
Ryō shō hiji tate fuse 両掌肘立て伏せ Both hands, elbows take cover
Ryō shō jōdan age uke 両掌上段揚げ受け Both palms upper level rising block
Ryō shō jōdan jūji uke 両掌上段十字受け Both palms upper level cross block
Ryō shō jōdan kensei 両掌上段牽制 Two-handed upper level feint
Ryō shō jōdan sokumen awase uke 両掌上段側面合せ受け Upper level augmented side block with both hands
Ryō shō jōdan yoko barai 両掌上段横払い Upper level side block with both hands
Ryō shō jūji uke 両掌十字受け Cross block with open hands
Ryō shō jūji chūdan osae uke 両掌十字中段押え受け Middle level crossed palms pressing block
Ryō shō kafukubu mae e 両掌下腹部前へ Both hands in front of abdomen
Ryō shō kokō bō uke 両掌虎口棒受け Two-handed tiger’s mouth staff block
Ryō shō kubi mae awase 両掌首前合せ Two hands in front of neck
Ryō shō kuri uke 両掌くり受け Two-handed circular elbow block
Ryō shō nigiri mune mae jūji gamae 両掌握り胸前十字構え Hands clasped in front of chest cross posture
Ryō shō osae uke 両掌抑え 受け Two-handed pressing block
Ryō shō ryō soku gedan barai 両掌両側下段払い Both open hands both sides downward sweep
Ryō shōtei ate 両掌底当て Double palm heel smash
Ryō shōtei osae uke 両掌底押え受け Double palm heel pressing block
Ryō shō yama gamae 両掌山構え Open hand mountain posture
Ryō shō yoko ni narabe mune mae 両掌横に並べ胸前 Outer edges of hands brought together in front of chest
Ryō shō zukami uke 両掌掴み受け Both palms grasping block
Ryō shō zukami uke, gedan e oshikomu 両掌掴み受け, 段へ押し込む Two-handed grasping block, then downward push
Ryō shō zukami yose 両掌掴み寄せ Grasping and pulling with both hands
Ryō sode dori 両袖取り Grasping both sleeves
Ryō soku 両側 Both sides (of body, of weapon, etc)
Ryō soku 両足 Both feet or legs
Ryō soku shin 両側心 Both sides of the spirit; in/yo, ying/yang
Ryō te 両手 Two hands; double thrust
Ryō te barai otoshi 両手払落とし Two-handed downward sweep
Ryō te dori 両手取り Grasp of both wrists
Ryō te dori tenchi nage 両手取り天地投 Grasping both wrists heaven and earth throw
Ryō te fuse 両手防 Both hands palms down
Ryō tegatana hasami uke 両手刀鋏受け  Double sword-hand scissor block
Ryō te goshi 両手腰 Both hands at hip
Ryō te haishu awase, ryō te kaishu harai uke,
jōdan shutō uchi
両手背手合わせ、両手開手払い受け、
上段手刀打ち
Bring the backs of the hands together, double open-hand sweeping block, high sword-hand strike
Ryō te haishu awaseru 両手背手合わせる Bring the backs of the hands together
Ryō te hitai mae 両手額前 Both hands in front of forehead
Ryō teishō uke 両底掌受 Double palm heel block
Ryō te jime 両手絞め Two-handed choke
Ryō te jime, ude osae, nukite, waki gatame 両手締め、腕押さえ、貫手、脇固め Two-handed choke, arm pressdown, spear hand, arm bar
Ryō te kafukubu mae 両手下腹部前 Both hands in front of abdomen
Ryō te kiki 両手利き Ambidexter, ambidexterity
Ryō tekubi dori 両手首取り Two-wrist grasp
Ryō te mawashi zuki 両手回し突き Two-handed roundhouse punch
Ryō te ni hana 両手に花 Flanked by two beautiful women
Ryō te o jōdan kara kaishu de ōkiku hiraki 両手を上段から開手で大きく開き
Opening the arms in a large arc with open hands
Ryō te okiru 両手起きる Rising up with both hands
Ryō te osae uke 両手押さえ受け Two-handed pressing block
Ryō te sayū ni chūdan seiryūtō zuki 両手左右に中段 青竜刀突き Middle level ox jaw hand strikes to both sides
Ryō te uke 両手受け  Two-handed block
Ryō te uraken yoko uchi 両手裏拳横打ち
Double backfist side strike
Ryō te yoko zuki 両手横突き Side punch with both hands
Ryō te zuki 両手突き Double punch
Ryōtōtsukai or ryōtōdukai
両刀遣い or 両刀使い Two-sword fencer; expert in two fields; person who likes alcohol and sweets; bisexual person
Ryō ude mawashi uke 両腕回し受け Two-armed circular block
Ryō ude ni yoru burokku 両腕によるブロック
Block with two arms
Ryō ude ni yoru burokku → rō 両腕によるブロック→ロー
Block with two arms → low roundhouse kick
Ryō wan 両腕 Both arms
Ryō wan gamae 両腕構え Both arms posture: arms held at 45°, often used in basic kick training
Ryō wan gamae kakiwake 両腕構え掻き分け Wide double downward wedging block
Ryō wan gedan barai 両腕下段払い Two-armed lower level sweep
Ryō wan gedan kakiwake 両腕下段掻き分け Two-armed lower level reverse wedge block
Ryō wan jōdan hasami uke 両腕上段鋏受 Two-armed high level scissor block
Ryō wan uchi uke 両腕内受け Two-armed block from the inside moving outward
Ryō wan uke 両腕受け Blocks using both arms
Ryō wan zenpō nobashi 両腕前方伸ばし Both arms extended forward
Ryō yoko gedan barai gamae 両横下段払い構え Double-sided lower level sweep posture
Ryū School, style, literally “stream”
Ryū 竜 or 龍 Dragon
Ryū Kill
Ryūei ryū 劉衛流 Okinawan karate ryū
Ryūgi 流技 “Technique of the ryū”; method or style of technique; substyle; principles of the ryū
Ryūgi no honshitsu 流技の本質 To pass on the essence of a ryū to subsequent generations
Ryūha 流派 Stream sect; branch school or system
Ryūhen gamae 竜捻構え Moving dragon posture
Ryūhen no kamae 竜捻の構え Moving dragon posture
Ryūkyū 琉球 Archipelago that includes Okinawa
Ryūkyū Kobudō Hozon Shinkokai 琉球古武道保存振興会 Society for the Preservation and Promotion of the Ancient Martial Arts of the Ryukyu Islands
Ryūkyū zuki 琉球突き ¾ twisting punch
Ryūnen dachi 竜捻立ち Twisted dragon stance
Ryū no kamae 龍の構え Dragon posture
Ryū no shita no kamae 竜の舌の構え Dragon tongue fighting posture
Ryū Ryū Ko ルールーコウ (1852 - 1930) Kung fu master who taught Higaonna Kanryō and Nakaima Kenri
Ryū sha 流者 Exponent of a ryū
Ryū sō 流創 Founder of a ryū
Ryū sui 流水 Flowing water, one of the five general rules of defense in Shitō ryū; dodging maneuvers like slipping and rolling in boxing
Ryū sui geri 流水蹴り Flowing water kick
Ryū sui no kamae 流水の構え Flowing water posture
Ryū sui zuki 流水突き Flowing water punch
Ryū te 流手 Okinawan karate ryū founded by Oyata Taika Seiyu
Ryūtō dabi 竜頭蛇尾 “Dragon head, snake tail,” something that turns out to be inconsequential; to peter out (proverb)
Ryūtōken 竜頭拳 Dragon head fist
Ryūtōken zuki 竜頭拳突き Dragon head fist punch
Ryūtōken zuki chūdan 竜頭拳突き中段 Middle level dragon fist punch
Ryūtōken zuki jōdan 竜頭拳突き上段 Upper level dragon fist punch
Ryūun no uke 流雲の受け Flowing cloud block