S: Sa - Seiken zuki rōsoku keshi
Seiki - Shimabaku     Shimabukuro - shōkaijō     Shō kake - sokusen     Sokushi - Systema     Glossary Index
 
Sa Left; also hidari
Sabaay-sabaay สบาย ๆ “Relax, relax,” relax your soul, heart and spirit; technique is not a matter of strength; to be at ease
Saam Chien 三戦 Alternate Chinese pronounciation of Sanchin
Sabaki 捌き Movement; handling; decisive movement; dynamics
Sabaki 裁き To judge
Sabaori 鯖折 Forward force down
Sabi Solitariness or aloneness embraced and accepted; elegant simplicity; patina; an antique look
Sabishii 寂しい or 淋しい Lonely, lonesome, solitary, desolate
Sabi shiori 寂栞 Melancholy aloneness; the art of being alone
Sa Bum Nim 사범님 Head instructor in Korean
Sadō 茶道 The way of tea
Sae 冴えor 冱え Clearness, clarity; skillfulness; sharp, skilled, clear; skillfulness or sharpness of waza
Sagari 下がり Stepping back
Sagari ashi 下がり足 Retreating step
Sage makiwara 下げ巻藁 Hanging makiwara
Sagemasu 下げます To lower (oneself, one’s hips, an object, position, importance, etc)
Sageo 下げ緒 Sword knot, cord used to secure a katana in the obi
Sage tō 下げ刀 Hanging sword
Sageta empi uchi 下げた猿臂打ち Downward elbow strike
Sage uchi 下げ打ち Drop punch
Sagi Heron, crane
Sagiashi oroshi furi uke 鷺足下ろし振り受け Downward swinging block in crane stance
Sagiashi dachi 鷺足立ち Heron foot stance, one foot hooked behind the other knee
Sagiashi ryūhen no kamae 鷺足竜捻の構え Heron leg moving dragon posture
Sagiashi soto uke 鷺足外受け Outside hanging leg block
Sagiashi uchi uke 鷺足内外受け Inside hanging leg block
Sagiashi uke 鷺足受け Hanging leg block
Sagi gamae 鷺構え Heron posture
Saguru 探る To probe or grope
Sagurite 探リ手 Eye jab or gouge; searching hand
Sagurite no kamae 探リ手の構え Searching hand posture
Sagurite no uke 探リ手の受け Searching hand block
Sagurite uke 探手受け Searching hand block
Sahō 左方 Left direction
Sahō 作法 Manners, etiquette, propriety
Sai Kobudō weapon; trident with long middle prong
Saibu 細部 Details
Saifa 砕破 “Final breaking point,” kata
Saigo made 最後まで To the end, to the last
Saigo made eizoku suru 最後迄永続為る Persist to the end
Saiha 砕破 “Final breaking point,” kata
Saihōin Buan ryū 西方院武安流 Koryū that taught mushadori (warrior seizing), a system like jūjutsu and ninjutsu
Saijutsu 釵術 Art of the sai
Saika tanden 最下丹田 Center of the body, energy focus point below navel
Saikeirei 最敬礼 “Most respectful bow,” slow, deep bow
Saikō shihan 最高師範 Supreme teacher (of an organization)
Saiku 細工 Craftsmanship, work; tactics, trick
Saimin 催眠 Hypnotism
Saimin jutsu 催眠術 Hypnotism or the art of hypnotism
Sainō 才能 Inherent ability or latent talent
Sainō nobasu 才能を伸ばす To develop one’s ability
Saitō Morihiro 斉藤 守弘 (1928-2002) Japanese aikidōka, founder of Iwama ryū
Saitō no Musashibō Benkei 西塔武蔵坊弁慶 (1155-1189) Japanese sōhei (warrior monk) who served Minamoto no Yoshitsune
Saizen o tsukusu 最善を尽くす Do one’s best
Saka dachi 逆立ち Handstand or headstand
Sakagami Ryūshō 坂上隆祥 (1915-1993) Japanese karateka, Shitō ryū
Sakasa zuki 逆さ突き or 倒さ突き Inverted punch
Sakate 逆手 Underhand or backhand grip
Sakatsuchi 逆槌 “To hammer upside down,” throw, one of the nine Shōtōkan nage waza
Saken 左拳 Left fist; cf uken
Sakeru 避ける To avoid
Saki Point, tip, end, front, head, lead, ahead, future, prior, previous, last, former
Sakiyama Kitoku 崎山喜徳 (1830-1914) Okinawan karateka who trained in Fuzhou, Fujian Province under Ryū Ryū Ko
Sakki 殺気 Thirst for blood; killing mood; intuition or sensitivity to aggression from others
Sakotsu 鎖骨 Clavicle
Sakotsu uchi 鎖骨打ち Clavicle strike
Sakotsu uchikomi 鎖骨打ち込み Clavicle driving strike
Sakugawa Kanga "Tōde" 佐久川 寛賀 (1733 -1815) Okinawan karateka, sensei of Matsumura Sōkon
Sakugawa no kon 佐久川の棍 Basic kata
Sakumoto Tsuguo 作久本嗣男 Japanese karateka (1947- ) (Ryūei ryū)
Sakura Cherry blossom, metaphor for mono no aware, “the pathos of things”
Sakura gari 桜狩り Looking at sakura, looking for sakura
Sakurei 策励 Confirmation of will; whipping up
Sakusen 作戦 or 策戦 Skill in strategy
-sama Formal version of honorific suffix -san
Samādhi समाधि (Sanskrit) Integrated consciousness; mental concentration in Buddhism and Hinduism
Sambo самбо Modern Russian grappling; SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya (self defense without weapons)
Samurai Feudal Japanese professional warrior, class of bushi, literally, “One who serves”
Sam chien 三戰 Kata in kung fu style Ngo cho kun held to be the precursor to Sanchin
Samegawa 鮫皮 Shark or ray skin used as a wrapping for a sword handle
Samehada 鮫肌 Pattern of shark skin
Sumura Kaichirō 佐村嘉一郎 (1880 - 1964) Jūdō jūdan
-san さん Common Japanese honorific suffix; like “Mr” or “Ms,” but never used for oneself
San Three
Sanbon gumite 三本組手 Three step sparring
Sanbon nukite 三本贯手 Three-finger spear-hand
Sanbon renzuki 三本連突き Three consecutive punches
Sanbon shobu 三本勝負 Three point tournament match
Sanbon zuki 三本突き Three consecutive punches
Sān bù jiàn 三步箭 “Three steps forward” or “Three step arrow,” kata of Southern Praying Mantis kung fu comparable to Sanchin
Sanbukaken 三不過剣 Throwing knife or star
Sanbyakurokujū do 三百六十度 360°
Sanbyakurokujū do kaiten 三百六十度回転 360° turn
Sanchin 三戰 or 三進 or 参戦 “Three battles,” kata fundamental to Gōjū ryū and Uechi ryū
Sanchin dachi 三戦立ち Three battles stance; hourglass stance
Sanchin dachi oi zuki 三戦立ち追い突き Sanchin dachi lunge punch
Sanchin dachi seiken chūdan zuki 三戦立ち正拳中段突き Sanchin dachi middle level punch
Sanchin gamae 三戰構え Three battles posture
Sanchin hokō 三戰歩行 Crescent step
Sanchin kitae 三戰鍛たえ Conditioning or s triking the body in Sanchin kata; whole body conditioning
Sanchin kumite dachi 三戦組み手立ち Three battles fighting stance
Sanchin no kamae 三戰の構え Sanchin posture
Sanchin shime 三戰締め Testing conditioning and strength in Sanchin kata
Sǎndǎ 散打 Free fighting (Chinese)
Sandan 三段 Third degree black belt; third level
Sandan hiza geri 三段膝蹴り
Three-level knee strike
Sang te pi 雙短鞭   Chinese version of sai
Sān huáng pào chuí 三皇炮捶 “Three Emperor Cannon Punch,” style of kung fu
Sanjakubō 三尺棒 Short staff; three foot staff
Sanjaku sagatte shi no kage o fumazu   三尺下がって師の影を踏まず “Keep three feet from one’s master so as not to step on his/her shadow,” a student must never forget to honour her/his teacher
Sanka   Three powers of life in Taoism: shin (spirit), sei (sexual energy), reiki (bio-spiritual force)
Sankai kawari no heihō 山海変りの兵法 Strategy of the mountain sea change: if the opponent expects the mountain, give him/her the sea (Musashi)
Sankai waza 山海伎 “Mountain sea techniques,” opposite techniques
Sankajō 三か条 Wrist lock
Sankaku 三角 Triangle
Sankaku ashi 三角足 Triangle step
Sankaku gatame 三角固め Triangle lock or hold
Sankaku geri 三角蹴り Triangle kick
Sankaku ken 三角拳 Triangle fist
Sankaku kin 三角筋 Deltoid
Sankaku mokuba 三角木馬 Ridged wooden bench used in SM practices (and in the Edo period for torturing female prisoners)
Sankaku tobi 三角飛び Triangle jump
Sankaku tobi ashi 三角飛び足 Triangle jump step
Sankaku tobi geri 三角飛び蹴り Flying triangle kick
Sankūkai 三空会 Modern Japanese karate ryū founded by Nanbu Yoshinao
Sankyō 三教 Third teaching or third principle; wrist lock
Sanmai 三昧 Self-effacement, concentration, absorption
San ma no i 三磨 の 位 Three polishings: receiving right teaching, dedicating oneself to the teaching and applying one’s own ingenuity to what is learned from teachings
Sanmei ryū ushiro mawashi geri 三明流後ろ回し蹴り Three awarenesses flow spinning hook kick
San mi ittai 三位一体 The trinity of shifting, turning and countering while the attack flows through
Sannin 三人 Three people
Sannin waza 三人技 Techniques for defending against three attackers
Sanpō giri 三方切り Three way cut
San renkō 三連攻 Three consecutive offensive techniques
Sanren zuki 三連突き Three consecutive punches; three level punch; flowing punch
San sappō 三殺法 Three ways of killing
San satsu 三殺 Three ways of killing
Sanseiru サンセールー Kata
Sansen dachi 三戦立 Fighting stance
Sanseru 三十六手 “Thirty six hands,” kata
Sansetsukon 三節棍 Three section staff
Sàn shǒu 散手 “Free hand,” Chinese free fighting; style of kung fu
Sanshu no Jingi 三種の神器 Three sacred treasures, the imperial regalia of Japan: sword (kushinagi), jewel (yasakani no magatama) and mirror (yata no kagami)
San Soo 散手 Style of kung fu
San sun zuki 三寸突き “Three inch punch,” punch that travels only three inches
San satsu no hō 三殺 の 法 “Three methods of killing”: ki o korosu, ken o korosu and waza o korosu
Santōkin 三頭筋 Triceps
Sappō 殺法 “Ways of killing”; cf kappō
Sarit Sarak সরিত সর ক (Bengali)   East Indian bare-handed combat form
Saruken 猿拳 Monkey kung fu
Saru mo ki kara ochiru 猿も木から落ちる “Even monkeys fall from trees” (proverb)
Sasae 支え Supported
Sasae gedan barai 支え下段払い Supported lower sweep
Sasae hiji ate 支え肘当て Supported elbow strike
Sasae soto uke 支え外受け Supported outside block
Sasae tsuri komi ashi 支え釣り込脚 Propping lifting pulling foot throw
Sasae uchi uke 支え内受け Supported inside block
Sasae uke 支え受け Supported forearm block
Sasae uke, jōdan hira nukite 支え受け 、上段平貫手
Supported block, high flat spear-hand
Sasae uke, uraken 支え受け 、裏拳
Supported block, backfist
Sasae uraken gamae 支え受裏拳構え Supported backfist posture
Sasae zuki 支え突き Supported punch
Sasaki Kojirō 佐々木 小次郎 (1585?-1612) Famous Japanese swordsman, killed by Miyamoto Musashi
Sashi 刺し Fine stitching or quilting, as on a keikogi
Sashiai 差し合い “Reciprocal interference,” less is more
Sashi ashi 差し足 Cross step; stealthy step
Sashi ashi dachi 差し足立ち Cross-legged stance
Sashikae ashi 差し替え足 Cross step
Sashi komi 差込 Step in
Sashikomi ashi 差し込み足 Advancing foot movement with no change in stance
Sashite 差し手 Raising of hand to strike, grab or block; coordination hands; simultaneous interception and strike
Sashi waza 刺し技 Stabbing techniques
Sashō 左掌 Left palm
Sashō ni migi mae empi 左掌に右前猿臂 Right front elbow strike to left palm
Sashō uken kafukubu mae 左掌右拳下腹部前 Right fist in left palm, in front of abdomen
Sashō uken shita ago mae 左掌右拳下顎前 Right fist in left palm held below chin
Sasoi 誘い Invitation, introduction; temptation; inviting opponent to attack
Sasoi katsu 誘い活 “Inductive method” of kappō
Sasoikonde tobi ushiro mawashi geri 誘い込んで飛び後ろ廻し蹴り
Lure opponent into range for jumping spinning hook kick
Sasoi waza 誘い技 Techniques which draw the opponent closer
Sasori geri 蠍蹴り Scorpion kick
Sasumata 刺叉 or 刺股 or 指叉 Two-pronged policing weapon; war fork
Sasumata yari 刺叉槍 Fork-headed spear
Satō juku 佐藤塾 Karate ryū, full contact Kyokushinkai derivative founded by Satō Katsuaki
Satō Katsuaki 佐藤 勝昭 (1946 - ), Japanese karateka, founder of Satō juku karate
Satori 悟り Enlightenment
Satori o hiraku 悟り を 開く Attain spiritual enlightenment
Satsubatsu 殺伐 Bloodthirsty, brutal, savage
Satsuhō 殺法 Killing techniques
Satsui 殺意 Murderous intent
Satsujiga 殺自我 Killing the ego
Satsujinken 殺人剣 The sword that takes life, as opposed to katsujin ken, the sword that gives life
Satsujinken 殺人拳 “Murderer fist,” any style or technique aimed at killing
Satsujinsha 殺人者 Killer, murderer
Satsuriku 殺戮 or 殺りく Slaughter, massacre
Satunishi 里之子   Upper page in the pēchin class in the Ryūkyū Kingdom
Satunishi pēchin 里之子親雲   Middle level of pēchin class in the Ryūkyū Kingdom
Sau tsa kuen 雙節棍   A two-section staff in which the longer section is of comparable length to a
Savate   French martial art; French boxing, French kickboxing, French footfighting
Sawai Kenichi 澤井健一 (1903-1988) Founder of Taiki-ken, a Japanese version of kung fu
Saya Scabbard
Sayabiki 鞘引き “Pulling the scabbard,” drawing saya back as the sword is drawn forward or resheathed
Sayajiri 鞘尻 Tip of scabbard
Saya no uchi de katsu 鞘の内で勝つ “Victory is in the scabbard”
Saya no uchi no kachi 鞘の内の勝ち “To win within the scabbard”
Sayō 作用 Action; right action by right mind or mature ki
Sayōnara 左様なら or さようなら “If it must be so,” good bye
Sayū 左右 Left and right
Sayū barai uke 左右払受け Double sweeping block
Sayū geri 左右蹴り Simultaneous left and right kicks
Sayū no chūdan mae geri kara jōdan mae geri 左右の中段前蹴りから上段前蹴り
Left and right mid-level front kick followed by high front kick
Sayū no wantsū, hidari fukku 左右のワンツー、ひだりフック
One-two, left hook
Sayū no wantsū, hidari shita zuki,
otosu migi rō kikku, migi hai kikku
左右のワンツー、左下突き、
落とす右ローキック、みぎハイキック
One-two, left body-shot, right low kick, right high kick
Sayū uchi 左右打ち Left and right strike
Sayū uke 左右受け Left and right blocks; simultaneous, identical blocks with both arms
Sayū undō 左右運動 Exercising left and right sides equally
Sayū zuki 左右突 Left-right punch
Sazauki 左座右起 “Left sit; right rise,” one established way to assume seiza and rise again
Se Back; back of body
Seashi 背足 Instep
Sebone 背骨 Spine or backbone
Segatana 背刀 Reverse sword hand, ridgehand
Segatana oi uke 背刀追い受け Reverse sword hand lunge block
Segatana uke 背刀受け Reverse sword hand block
Sei Energy
Sei Natural, true, correct, righteous
Sei Character, nature, temperament, sex, gender
Sei Sincerity, a true heart, faithfulness, truth, fact
Sei Swear, oath, vow, promise
Sei Light, easy, insignificant, trifling, flippant
Sei Holy, sacred, pure
Seibukan 聖武館 Shōrin ryū dojo founded by Shimabukuro Zenryō and Shimabukuro Zenpō in 1962
Seibukan kihon renshū 聖武館基本練習
Seibukan basic training exercises
Seichin 十戦 “Ten conflicts,” kata
Seichūdō 静中動 State in which the body appears to be still, but the mind is ready to respond; cf dōchū no sei
Seichūdō, dōchūsei 静中動 Calm in movement, movement in calm
Seichūmen 正中面 Plane connecting seichūsen of two opponents; median plane
Seichūsen 正中線 Center line, median line
Seidō 誠道 “Sincere way,” Japanese karate ryū, founded by Nakamura Tadashi
Seidōkaikan 正道会館 Japanese karate ryū, full contact karate, founded 1980 by Ishii Kazuyoshi
Seidōkan 正道館 “Hall of the correct way,,” Okinawan karate ryū, founded by Tomo Shian in 1968
Seienchin 征遠鎮 “Lull in the storm,” kata
Seigan 誓願 Oath, vow, pledge; vow training
Seigan 正眼 Natural step
Seigan 正眼 Aiming at the eyes
Seigan 青眼 Aiming at the eyes; warm, welcoming eyes
Seigan gamae 青眼の構え Posture aiming at the eyes
Seigan geiko 誓願稽古 Vow to train a certain amount or in a certain manner
Seigan no kamae 青眼の構え Posture aiming at the eyes
Seigi 正義 Justice, right, righteousness, correct meaning
Seigyo 制御 Control
Seiha gamae 制覇構え Conquest posture
Seihō 正法 In Shorinji Kempō, a therapeutic massage system applied to vital points of the body
Seihō 正方 Square
Seihōkei 正方形 Square
Seijaku 静寂 Silence, quiet, stillness
Seijin 成人 To grow up, mature, come of age
Seijin 聖人 Saint, sage, holy man
Seijin kenja 聖人賢者 Person of lofty virtue and great wisdom
Seijin kunshi 聖人君子 Person of lofty virtue; man of noble character; perfect person
Seijitsu 誠実 Good faith, honest, faithful, truthful, sincere
Seika 臍下 Lower abdomen
Seikaikan 世界観 World view
Seikaku 正確 Accuracy, precision, exactitude; exact, precise, correct
Seikaku ni 正確に Properly, accurately, exactly
Seikan 静観 Calm, composed, observant temperament; watchful waiting; careful supervision
Seikan 精悍 Sharp and brave, keen and sturdy
Seikan 清閑 Peaceful, quiet, tranquility
Seika no itten 臍下の一点 “One point below the navel,” center of the body, center of energy
Seika tanden 臍下丹田 “Red rice paddy below the navel,” center of energy in lower abdomen; lower abdomen, center of the abdomen
Seiken 正拳 Front of fist or forefist
Seiken 聖剣 Holy sword
Seiken age zuki 正拳揚げ突き Forefist rising punch
Seiken ago uchi 正拳顎打ち Forefist strike to chin
Seiken ago zuki 正拳顎突き Forefist punch to chin
Seiken awase zuki 正拳合せ突き Forefist combined punch
Seiken chūdan gyaku zuki 正拳中段逆突き Forefist middle level reverse punch
Seiken chūdan jun zuki 正拳中段順突き Forefist middle level lunge punch
Seiken chūdan soto uke 正拳中段外受け Forefist middle level outside block
Seiken chūdan uchi uke 正拳中段内受け Forefist middle level inside block
Seiken chūdan uchi uke gedan barai 正拳中段内受け下段払い Forefist middle level inside block and low parry
Seiken chūdan zuki 正拳中段突き Forefist middle level punch
Seiken gedan barai 正拳下段払い Forefist lower level sweeping block
Seiken gedan gyaku zuki 正拳下段逆突き Forefist lower level reverse punch
Seiken gyaku zuki 正拳逆突き Forefist reverse punch
Seiken jōdan gyaku zuki 正拳上段逆突き Forefist upper level reverse punch
Seiken jōdan oi zuki 正拳上段追い突き Forefist upper level lunge punch
Seiken jōdan uke 正拳上段受け Forefist upper level block
Seiken jōdan zuki 正拳上段突き Forefist upper level straight punch
Seiken jun zuki 正拳順突き Side thrust punch in straddle stance
Seiken mawashi uchi 正拳回し打ち Forefist roundhouse strike
Seiken mawashi zuki 正拳回し突き Forefist roundhouse punch
Seiken morote zuki 正拳諸手突き Forefist two-handed punch
Seiken oi zuki 正拳追い突き Forefist lunge punch
Seiken shita zuki 正拳下突き Forefist short punch
Seiken sonoba zuki 正拳 その場突き Repeated forefist punch training
Seiken tate zuki 正拳 縦突き Forefist vertical punch
Seiken uchi uke gedan barai 正拳內受け下段払い Inner forefist block combined with lower sweeping block
Seiken ude uke 正拳腕受け Forefist forearm block
Seiken uke 正拳受け Forefist punch block
Seiken zuki 正拳突き Basic forefist punch
Seiken zuki de kuzushite kara no uchimata geri 正拳突きで崩してからの内股蹴り Unbalance with straight punch, then kick to inside of thigh
Seiken zuki rōsoku keshi 正拳突きろうそく消し Candle punch
Seiken zuki sanrenda → kakato otoshi 正拳突三連打 → カカト落とし
Three consecutive straight punches → axe kick
                                                                                                                                              

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