Y                                                     
Ya Arrow
Yabiku Moden     (1880 - 1941) Okinawan karateka, student of Itosu Ankō
Yabu hebi 藪蛇 or 薮蛇 “Snake in the bush,” unnecessary trouble brought upon oneself
Yabu hebi ninaru 薮蛇 になる or 薮蛇に成る You’ll only make work for yourself; to stir up a hornet’s nest; to put one’s foot in one’s mouth
Yabu Kentsū 屋部憲通 (1866 - 1937) Okinawan karateka, student of Itosu Ankō
Yabuku 破く To tear, violate, defeat, smash, destroy
Yabure gachi 破れ勝ち “Breaking up the victory,” turning the opponent’s apparently winning technique against him
Yabureru 破れる To get torn, ripped or worn out
Yabureru 敗れる To be defeated, to be unsuccessful
Yabusame 流鏑馬 Archery on horseback
Yachi 捌 or 八 Okinawan for “eight”
Yadome jutsu 矢留術 Art of deflecting arrows with a sword or empty hand
Yadutsu 矢筒 Quiver (for arrows)
Yagai geiko 野外稽古 Practice outdoors in nature
Yagi ヤギ “Voice arrow,” kiai (Hogen)
Yagi Akihito 八木明人 Okinawan karateka, nandan (Meibukan)
Yagi Meitoku 八木明徳 (1912 - 2003) Okinawan karateka (Meibukan)
Yaguchi Yutaka 矢口豊 (1932 - ) Japanese Shōtōkan karateka, ISKF
Yagyū Munenori 柳生宗矩 (1571 - 1646) Swordsman, founder of Edo branch of Yagyū Shinkage-ryū
Yagyū ryū 柳生流 Koryū kenjutsu, iaijutsu and jūjutsu
Yagyū Seigō ryū 柳生制剛流 Koryū battojutsu
Yagyū Shingan ryū 柳生心眼流 Koryū taijutsu, kenjutsu, bōjutsu, naginatajutsu, iaijutsu
Yagyū Shinkage ryū 柳生新陰流 Koryū kenjutsu
Yahara Mikio 矢原 美紀夫 (1947 - ) Former JKA karateka and founder of the Karatenomichi World Federation.
Yaiba Sword, blade, edge
Yaiba o majieru 刃を交える To cross swords, fight, engage in combat
Yajiri 砮 or 鏃 Arrowhead
Yajiri kaburaya 鏃鏑 Barb of an arrow; head of a javelin
Yakusō 薬草 Medicinal herbs and their usage
Yakusoku geiko 約束稽古 Prearranged training
Yakusoku gumite 約束組手 Prearranged sparring in karatedō
Yama Mountain
Yama arashi 山嵐 Mountain storm, Kōdōkan jūdō and jūjutsu throw
Yamabushi 山武士 Japanese ascetic mountain hermit
Yamabushi tengu 山伏天狗 Mountain warrior goblin
Yamadera 山寺 Mountain temple
Yamaga ryū 山鹿流 Koryū kenjutsu and jūjutsu, founded by Yamaga Sokō (1622 - 1685)
Yamaga Sokō 山鹿素行 (1622 - 1685) Founder of Yamaga ryū
Yama gamae 山構え Mountain posture
Yamaguchi Gōgen, “The Cat,” 山口剛玄 (1909 - 1989) Japanese Gōjū ryū karateka
Yamaguchi Gōhei 山口剛平 (1976 - ) Japanese Gōjū ryū karateka 4 dan, son of Yamaguchi Gōshi
Yamaguchi Gōsei 山口剛正 (1935 - ) Japanese Gōjū ryū karateka, eldest son of Yamaguchi Gogen
Yamaguchi Gōshi 山口剛史 (1942 - ) Japanese Gōjū ryū karateka, third son of Yamaguchi Gogen, President, International Karatedō Gōjūkai and Japan Karatedō Gōjūkai
Yamaguchi Ittō ryū 山口一刀流 Koryū kenjutsu
Yamaguchi Katsuo 山口克夫 (1917 - 2006) Japanese iaidōka, jūdan, meijin
Yamaguchi Toru     (1936-2010) Japanese karateka (Shōtōkan)
Yamakage no kamae 山陰の構え Shelter in the mountains posture,
Yama kakiwake 山掻き分け Mountain wedging block or mountain separating block
Yama kakiwake uke 山掻き分け受け Mountain wedging block or mountain separating block
Yamakawa Choran     Okinawan karateka of the late 19th or early 20th c (Shuri te); also Yamakawa Choto
Yamamoto Mamoru 山本守 (1938 - ) Japanese karateka, founder of Yoshukai karate
Yamaoka Tesshū 山岡鉄舟 (1836 - 1888) Japanese swordsman
Yamaji uke 山字受け Mountain form block
Yamata no Orochi 八岐大蛇 Eight headed, eight tailed serpent of Japanese mythology
Yamato damashii 大和魂 Japanese fighting spirit
Yamato gokoro 大和心 Japanese spirit, sensibility, mind, heart or cultural essence
Yama uke 山受け Mountain block
Yama uke dōji fumikomi 山受け同時踏み込み Mountain block at the same time as stamping kick
Yamazaki Kiyoshi 山崎清 (1940 - ) Japanese karateka (Ryōbukai)
Yama zuki 山突き Mountain punch
Yame 止め Command: “Finish/complete your movement”
Yamichi 矢道 Arrow pathway, part of a kyūdōjō
Yamiyo no teppō 闇夜の鉄砲 Shot in the dark; aimless attempt (obscure)
Yáng shì tàijí quán 楊氏太極拳 Yang style tai chi chu’an
Ya no ne 矢の根 Arrowhead; also yajiri
Yari Spear
Yaridama 槍球 “Spearing the ball,” one of the nine Shōtōkan nage waza
Yari dori 槍取り Seizing the shaft of a spear
Yaridama ni ageru 槍玉に挙げる To make example of, make victim of, hold up someone or something to ridicule, single out for criticism
Yari jutsu 槍術 Art of the spear;
Yarikake 遣り掛け or やりかけ Unfinished, such as a kata or execution of technique
Yarikake no kata 遣り掛けの型 “Kata is missing something”
Yarikata やり方 or 遣り方 Manner of doing; method, means
Yaruki やる気 Willingness (to do something), eagerness, motivation, inspiration, determination
Yarukiganai やる気がない Be spiritless, lack motivation or incentive
Yasegaman やせがまん or やせ我慢 or 痩せ我慢 or 痩我慢 Fake stoicism; pretended endurance (for sake of pride); false courage
Yasume 休め “Stand at ease”
Yasumi 休み Rest (noun)
Yata no kagami 八咫の鏡 “Eight span mirror,” one of the sanshu no jingi, the Imperial regalia of Japan, and the basis for the emblem of Kōdōkan jūdō
Yau Kung Mun 软功門 Style of Flexible Power, style of Southern kung fu
Yawara 柔 or 和 Grappling; jūjutsu
Yawara 和尺棍 Very short stick weapon that protudes from each side of the hand
Yawarakai 柔らかい Flexible, soft or liquid; one of four levels of technique in aikidō
Yaya 稍 or 漸 or やや A little, partially, somewhat, as in the response of a sensei when students ask if they're improving
Yaya fukai zenkutsu dachi やや深い前屈立ち Deep front stance
Yayoi jidai 弥生時代 Yayoi period in Japanese history, 300 BC to 250 AD
Yiep dhe เหย่บเตะ Step-up kick
Yìjīng 易经 The Book of Changes, classic Chinese text; also I Ching , in Japanese, Ekikyō
Yìlìquán 意力拳 “Mind body art,” style of kung fu
Yīng zhǎo pài 鷹爪 Eagle Claw School, style of Northern kung fu
Yīng zhǎo quán 鷹爪拳 Eagle Claw Fist, style of Northern kung fu
Yǐnyuán Lóngqí 隱元隆琦 (1592-1673) Chinese Zen master who founded the Ōbaku shū
Yi Quan 意拳 Mind Boxing, style of internal kung fu
Yang; cf in (yin)
Form, shape, figure; visage
Yobi undō 予備運動 Preparatory or warm up exercises (term used by Miyagi Chōjun)
Yōbu 腰部 Loins, hips, pelvic region, waist
Yōbutsu   Phallus, penis
Yōheijutsu 用兵術 Tactics, strategy
Yōhōkeikin 腰方形筋 Quadratus lumborum
Yohon nukite 四本貫手 Four-finger spear hand
Yōi 用意 Ready or ready stance
Yoi ashi 酔い足 “Drunken step,” sliding feet, a step as if one is drunk
Yōibantan 用意万端 Every preparation possible; all aspects of preparation
Yō ibuki 陽息吹 Hard aggressive breathing (yō = yang of yin/yang)
Yōi dachi 用意立ち Ready stance
Yōi shūtō 用意周到 Very careful; thoroughly prepared
Yojijukugo 四字熟語 Lexeme of four kanji, often idiomatic
Yōjō 養生 Hygiene; health care; recuperation
Yōjō gi 養生技 Techniques for healing
Yōkan 腰間 Hips
Yokeru koto 避ける事 Evasions
Yokeru koto dōji shutō uke, gedan sokutō geri tsukami 避ける事同時手刀受け、下段足刀蹴り掴み Evasion with sword-hand block, low side kick with grasp
Yokeru koto dōji shutō uke, shutō ganmen uchi 避ける事同時手刀受け、手刀顔面打ち Evasion and sword-hand block, sword-hand strike to face
Yokeru koto dōji te nagashi uke,
  yoko empi uchi, kote jime
避ける事同時手流し受け、
横猿臂打ち、小手絞め
Evasion with flowing hand block,
side elbow strike, wristlock
Yokeru koto, mae zuki, hiki ashi,
  gyaku zuki, hirate oshi
避ける事、前突き、引き足、
逆突き、平手押し
Evasion, front hand punch, pull leg back,
reverse punch, push with palm
Yoko Side
Yoko ago geri 横面蹴り Side kick to jaw
Yoko ashi 横足 Side step
Yoko ate 横当て Side strike
Yoko barai 横 払い Side sweep; side sweeping block
Yoko bari empi 横梁猿臂 Side guard elbow, posture in which elbow extends to the side and fist is at hip
Yoko dachi 横立ち Side stance
Yokode 横手 Side, beside
Yoko empi gamae 横猿臂構え Side elbow posture
Yoko empi uchi 横猿臂打ち Side elbow strike
Yoko furi ate 横振り当て Side swinging (elbow) strike
Yoko furimi 横振り身 Side dodge; sideways motion
Yoko furimi, jōdan yoko geri, chūdan mae te zuki 横振りみ、上段横蹴り、中段前手突き Side dodge, high side kick, mid-level front-hand punch
Yoko furi uchi 横振り打ち Side swinging strike
Yoko gake 横掛 “Side hook” throw
Yoko gamae 横構え Side posture
Yoko gedan barai 横下段払い Side lower level sweep
Yoko geri 横蹴り Side kick
Yoko geri age 横蹴り揚げ Rising side kick
Yoko geri fumikomi 横蹴り踏み込み Side stamping kick
Yoko geri sokutō 蹴り足刀 Side piercing kick
Yoko giri 蹴切り Sidewards cut
Yokogiru uke 横切る受け Cross block
Yoko guruma 横車 “Side wheel” throw
Yokoha   Side hook on the jutte/jitte
Yoko hiji ate 横肘当て Side elbow strike
Yoko hiki ate 横引き当て Side pulling (elbow) strike
Yoko jōdan oi geri 横上段追い蹴り High side lunge kick
Yoko jūji uke 横十字受け Cross-handed block
Yoko kagi ashi dachi 横鉤 足立ち Hooked stance
Yoko kakutō uke 横鶴頭受け Sideways crane head block
Yoko keage 横蹴上げ Straight high side kick
Yoko keage dōji haitō uchi 横蹴上げ同時背刀打ち Straight high side kick together with ridgehand strike
Yoko keage dōji uraken uchi 横蹴上げ同時裏拳打ち Straight high side kick together with backfist strike
Yoko kekomi 横蹴込 Side thrust kick
Yoko kekomi, awase seiryūtō uke, tate zuki 横蹴込、合わせ青竜刀受け、縦突き Side thrust kick, combined ox-jaw hand block, vertical punch
Yoko kekomi, chūdan haiwan uke, jōdan haitō uchi 横蹴込、中段背腕受け、上段背刀打ち Side thrust kick, mid-level back of arm block, high ridgehand strike
Yoko kekomi, chūdan soto ude uke, chūdan gyaku zuki 横蹴込、中段外腕受け、中段逆突き Side thrust kick, mid-level outside block, mid-level reverse punch
Yoko kekomi, haiwan uke, jōdan ushiro mawashi empi 横蹴込、背腕受け、 上段後ろ回し猿臂 Side thrust kick, back-of-arm block, high spinning roundhouse elbow strike
Yoko kekomi, soto ude uke,
  mawashi geri, tate shutō uke, gyaku zuki
横蹴込、外腕受け、回し蹴り、
縦手刀受け、逆突き
Side thrust kick, outside block, roundhouse kick,
vertical sword-hand block, reverse punch
Yoko ken 横拳 Horizontal or flat fist
Yoko mawashi empi uchi 横回し猿臂打ち Side roundhouse elbow strike
Yoko mawashi geri 横回し蹴り Side roundhouse kick
Yoko mawashi hiji ate 横回し肘当て Side roundhouse elbow strike
Yoko mawashi shutō uchi 横回し手刀打ち Side roundhouse knife hand strike
Yoko mawashi uchi 横回し打ち Side roundhouse strike
Yoko mawashi uraken uchi 横回し裏拳打ち Side backfist strike
Yoko men 横面 Side of the head
Yokomen shutō uchi 横面手刀打ち Sword hand strike to the side of the head
Yokomen tettsui otoshi uchi 横面鉄槌落とし打ち Dropping hammerfist strike to the side of the head
Yokomen uchi 横面打ち Strike to side of head; diagonal strike to the head
Yokomen uchi shihō nage 横面 打ち 四方 投げ Throw countering a diagonal strike to the head
Yokomen zuki 横面突き Punch to side of head
Yoko meshi 横飯 “Sideways eating,” Japanese mind dealing with the English language or Western ways
Yoko musō gamae 橫無相構え Horizontal incomparable posture
Yoko oi geri 横追い蹴り Side lunge kick
Yoko otoshi 横落 Side drop throw; class of throws
Yoko sashi ashi 横差し足 Side stepping across
Yoko sashi ashi dachi 横差し足立ち Hook stance or side stepping across stance
Yoko Seisan dachi 横十三立ち Stance simliar to sanchin dachi, except wider
Yoko Seishan dachi 横十三立ち Stance similar to sanchin dachi, except wider
Yokosen 横線 Horizontal line running through shoulders and outstretched arms
Yoko shihō gatame 横四方固 Side four corners lock
Yoko sōsoku geri
横双足蹴り Simultaneous kick to the sides
Yoko taore geri 横倒れ蹴り Side falling kick
Yokote 横手 Dividng line between kissaki and the rest of the blade
Yoko teishō uchi 横底掌打ち Sideways palm heel strike
Yoko tobi geri 横飛び蹴り Flying side kick
Yoko tomoe nage 横巴投 Side stomach throw
Yoko tsura 横面 Side of face
Yoko uchi 横打ち Side strike
Yoko uchi uke 横内受け Block from the outside to inside
Yoko ude hasami 横腕鋏 Side forearm scissors
Yoko ude hasami uke 横腕鋏受け Side forearm scissors block
Yoko uke 横受け Side or sideward block; sideways receiving
Yoko ukemi 横受身 Side breakfall
Yoko wakare 横別れ “Side separation” throw
Yoko zuki 横突き Side punch
Yokozuki 横好き Being crazy about someting, but not good at it
Yomi 読み Read, perceptiveness, foresight, decipher
Yon Four; also shi
Yon dai Four elements (earth, water, fire, wind) (Buddhism); body; Tao, heaven, earth, king; university offering four-year programs
Yon dai gen soku 四大原則 Four basic principles of aikidō
Yondan 四段 Fourth degree black belt; fourth level
Yondan nukite 四段贯手 Four finger spear hand
Yonen 四年 Children’s grade, especially in jūdō, usually for those younger than 13
Yongmudo 용무도 Modern hybrid Korean art
Yonjūgodo kiba dachi 四十五度骑馬立ち 45° horse stance
Yō no kamae 陽の構え “Light posture,” hiding length and orientation of sword
Yonshaku bō 四尺棒 Four foot (50")
Yori より From, out of, since, at; than; other than, except; more
Yori ashi 寄り足 Sliding step
Yoroi Japanese armor
Yoroi dōshi 鎧通し Japanese dagger made to cut through armor; also metazashi
Yoroi gumiuchi 鎧組み打ち Grappling in armor
Yoru 寄る Approach, come near
Yō ryū 陽流 Koryū hojutsu (gunnery)
Yō ryū bi 用流美 Usefulness, flow, beauty: technique should be practical but elegant (Mabuni Kenwa)
Yose ashi 寄せ足 Slide step; move first leg toward the other, then move other leg toward target
Yōsei 養成 Training
Yōseikan 養正館 “The place to cultivate truth/righteousness”; dōjō in Shizuoka, Japan.
Yōseikan budō 養正館武道 Composite martial art founded in 1931 by Mochizuki Minoru.
Yose nigiri 寄せ握り Basic weapon grip with hands together
Yoseru 寄せる Come near, come together, approach
Yoshin ryū 楊神流 “School of the Willow Heart,” Koryū jūjutsu
Yōshin ryū 揚心流 Koryū naginatajutsu, sōjutsu, bōjutsu, kusarigamajutsu
Yōshūkai 養秀会 “Training Hall of Continued Improvement,” Japanese school of karate founded by Yamamoto Mamoru
Yotsu gumi 四つ組 Armored grappling
Yowai 弱い Weak
Yowaki 弱気 Timid or faint-hearted presence, personality or sentiment; weak spirit
Yowakimono 弱き者 Weak person
Yowamushi 弱虫 Coward, weakling
Yoyogi dōjō 代々木道場 Gōjū ryū dōjō of Higaonna Morio in the Yoyogi neighborhood of Tōkyō
Yoyū 余裕 Margin, surplus, spare, as in a margin of time (to execute a technique)
Courage
Yuán quán 猿拳 Monkey kung fu
Yubi Finger
Yubi de arukimasu 指 で 歩きます Toe walking, junbi undō
Yubi hasami 指挟み Thumb and forefinger scissors
Yubi jutsu 指術 Art of striking with the finger(s)
Yubi no fushi 指 の 節 Knuckle
Yubisaki 指先 Fingertips
Yubisaki ate 指先当て Fingertip strike
Yubisaki no ude tate fuse 指先の腕立て伏せ Fingertip pushups
Yubisaki uchi 指先打ち Fingertip strike
Yūbu 勇武 Bravery, valor, military prowess
Yuchi 四 or 肆 Okinawan for “four”
Yūdansha 有段者 Holder of a dan grade
Yūdansha ni rei 有段者に礼 Command to bow to the black belts
Yuèjiā qiāng 岳家槍 Yue Family Spear, style of kung fu
Yūga 優雅 Elegance, grace, refinement
Yugake 正澄 or 弓懸け or 弓掛けor 弓懸 Glove worn on right hand in kyūdō
Yūgen 幽玄 Subtle beauty, “profound mystery”
Yuiju ichinin 唯受一人 Teaching all secrets of ryū to single inheritor who is not member of family; person in dominant position
Yūjo 宥恕 Forgiveness; generosity
Yūjo 優女 Beautiful graceful woman; gentle woman; affectionate woman
Yūjō 友情 Friendship
Yukaita 床板 Floorboards
Yūkan 勇敢 Brave, gallant, heroic
Yūkansa 勇敢さ Bravery, heroism, gallantry
Yūkei bunkazai 有形文化財 Tangible Cultural Properties, as recognized by the Japanese government
Yuken     Shinai crossed
Yuki Snow or snowflake
Yūki 勇気 Courage, bravery
Yukiai     Opponents approaching each other from a distance
Yuki zumari 行詰り or行き詰まり or 行き詰り Deadlock, stalemate, impasse, dead end, as in a training plateau
Yūki o furuiokosu 勇気を奮い起こす To muster up one’s courage
Yukkuri ゆっくり Slowly, at ease, restful
Yukkuri suru ゆっくりする “Take your time,” “take it easy,” “relax,” “feel at home”
Yūku 憂懼 Fear, apprehension, dread
Yumi Bow
Yumibari no kamae 弓張りの構え Archer posture
Yumi gamae 弓構え Bow posture
Yumi gamae 弓構え Positioning the bow, 3rd of 7 steps in shooting sequence
Yumitate 弓立て Bow stand
Yumitori 弓取 “Holder of the bow,” bowman, battlefield archer
Yumi uke 弓受け Bow block or archer’s block
Yumiya 弓矢 Bow and arrow
Yumiya tate 弓矢立て Bow and arrow stand
Yumiya toru mi 弓矢執る身 Feudal archer
Yumi zuki 弓突き Bow punch
Yu no sen     Seizing the initiative later; counterattack
Yuri 揺り Sway, shake, vibration, rocking, wavering (without moving feet)
Yūsanso undō 有酸素運動 Aerobic exercise
Yuthakun khom     Ancient Cambodian or Khmer martial art.
Yuyo     Critical distance in fighting
Yūyō 悠揚 Self-possessed, calm
Yūyō semarazu     Composed attitude reflecting calmness and sincerity
Yūzen 悠然 With an air of composure, calmly