Basic glossary 

Karatedō The way of the empty hand 空手道
Dōjō Place of the way, training hall 道場
Shōrin ryū One of the three major Okinawan karate systems 少林流
Seibukan The kind of Shōrin ryū we practice 聖武館
Nantanreikan “The Hall of Difficult Grace,” our dōjō 難端麗館
Shimabukuro Zenpō Current head of Seibukan 島袋善保
Dan Smith   Our sensei, the senior student of Shimabukuro Zenpō  
       
       
TACHI Stances 立ち
       
Heisoku dachi Feet-together stance, our attention stance 閉足立ち
Naifanchi dachi Slightly wider than shoulder width stance; side stance ナイファンチ立ち
Shiko dachi Square stance 四腰立ち
Zenkutsu dachi Front stance 前屈立ち
Choku dachi Straight stance 直立ち
Nekoashi dachi Cat stance 猫足立ち
       
       
TSUKI Thrust (usually translated as “punch” ) 突き
       
Shōmen tsuki Front punch 正面突き
Gyaku tsuki Reverse punch 逆突き
Oi tsuki Lunge punch (executed in shiko dachi) 追い突き
Nukite Spear hand 貫手
       
       
UKE Reception (usually translated as “block”) 受け
                                                                        
Jōdan age uke Rising block 揚げ受け
Chūdan uke Mid-level block; also chūdan soto ude uke 中段受け
Chūdan soto ude uke Mid-level outside forearm block; also chūdan uke 中段外腕受け
Gedan barai Lower level sweep 下段払い
Chūdan ude uchi uke Mid-level inside forearm block 中段腕内受け
Shutō uke Sword hand block 手刀受け
       
KERI Kicks 蹴り
       
Mae geri Front kick 前蹴り
Yoko geri Side kick 横蹴り
Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick 回し蹴り
Ushiro geri Back kick 後ろ蹴り
Mikazuki geri Crescent kick 三日月蹴り
       
       
DAN Levels
       
Gedan Lower level 下段
Chūdan Middle level 中段
Jōdan Upper level 上段
       
       
KATA Forms
Doryoku “Effort” 努力
Seisan “Thirteen” 十三
       
       
COMMANDS      
       
Narande Line up 並んで
Ki o tsuke Attention! (line up and assume dachi) 気を付け
Rei Bow (also means gratitude)
Seiza Kneel with feet flat 正座
Shōmen ni rei Bow to the front 正面に礼
Sensei ni rei Bow to the sensei 先生に礼
Mokusō Close eyes and begin meditation 黙想
Mokusō yame End meditation and open eyes 黙想止め
Kiritsu Stand up 起立
Yōi Assume ready position 用意
       
OTHER      
                                                                                                                         
Ichi, ni, san, shi, go, roku, shichi, hachi, ku, jū 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 一二三六五六七八九十
Hanshi Highest honorific for an exceptional teacher 範士
Sensei Honorific for teacher 先生
Sempai Senior 先輩
Kōhai Junior 後輩
Junbi undō Warm-up exercises 準備運動
Kihon renshū Basic training (PT 1) 基本練習
Zenshin kōtai Moving forward and backwards (PT 2) 前進後退
Ippon gumite Two-person fighting drills 一本組手
Anza Sitting cross-legged 安座
Dōmo Colloquial thank you どうも
Gokurōsama deshita I appreciate your efforts; it was a great hardship
Said by the instructor at the end of class
御苦労様でした
Dōmo arigato gozaimashita Thank you very much
Said by students at the end of class
どうも有り難う御座いました
Dōjō kun Oath of the dōjō 道場訓
Shaken Diagonal fist 斜拳
Kumite Sparring 組み手
Yūdansha Someone holding dan (black belt) rank 有段者
Mudansha Trainee without dan rank 無段者
Shōmen Front, especially the front of the dōjō 正面